The New England, Middle, and Southern colonies were mostly made up the same ethnic groups, but they differed in their major religions. The orignal colonists in American were English, but over time people from France, Germany, and Holland began to settle there as well. Even so, Englishmen were still the majority of the colonies, so their social stucture was similar throughout America. Along with having different religions, the colonies also had different levels of religious freedom. The New England colonies were chiefly Puritan with little to no religious freedom.
Feuerbach raised a very important issue when he says that “religion is a projection of human nature into a fantastic divine being.” This singular point raised by Feuerbach marks a rigorous break-away from the idealistic Hegelian philosophy that colonized that era as mentioned earlier in chapter one; Hegel’s idealistic extremism would at least have been revolted against and corrected especially by a philosopher of Feuerbach’s calibre who had youthful experiences and influences from both the philosophical and the religious worlds. However, Feuerbach in his anthropological atheistic theory of God, lost track too, he eventually went into the extremist position of scientism. Religion does not negate or prevent civilization, development in science
Puritans, Quakers, and Catholics were coming in droves to America searching for an opportunity to have religious freedom. The New Englanders took religion seriously, making unitary laws according to Puritan standards. John Winthrop, later chosen as the first Massachusetts Bay Colony governor, was seeking religious freedom. Wishing to inspire the colonists to dwell in brotherly unity, he summoned them together to remind them “that if we [colonists] shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause Him to withdraw His present help from us, we shall be made a story and a by-word through the world.” On the other hand, those in the Chesapeake region came for the wealth that America promised. They were there to become prosperous or die trying.
This was the beginning of Puritan life in America. The Puritans were strict Calvinists, followers of the reformer John Calvin. John Calvin taught that God was all-powerful and focused on God’s sovereignty, supreme power or authority. Puritans also believed that because of Adam and Eve’s sin of disobedience, most of humanity would be damned for all eternity. They also gathered that God had chosen a few people, "the elect," for salvation.
Thomas Paine's most effective rhetorical strategy has to be his incessant allusions to different Biblical elements in order to arouse the idea of independence. One of the best examples of this comes as early as the first paragraph, where he discusses the absurdity of Britain's claim that they have the right to bind all of their citizens in every matter or case. However, Paine retorts with a response of his own, saying, "for so unlimited a power can belong only to God. . .
There is one major difference between the two. Religion in the Southern Colonies was not as enthusiastic as it was in the Northern, New England colonies. While most colonists were what they called Anglicans, their faith would lay in their tobacco plantations and not necessarily a god. The same was for the founder of Maryland who was catholic. But just like in other southern colonies, religion eventually became less important than tobacco in Maryland.
Many people turn to religion for not just spiritual answers, but for guidance and help in everyday life. Religion also affects the inner workings of a society. However, religion has evolved with time. In earlier societies, only one religion was usually allowed and accepted. In Salem Massachusetts during the Witch Trials, every citizen had to be seen as a good Christian.
Those who held power in the church also held political power, with the ability to sway the opinions of the masses due to their religious authority. The basis of laws in the local government came from the religious laws practiced by the colonists, and although only male freemen-- that is all male members of the Puritan Church-- had the right to vote, because of the religious reasoning the remaining population of the area (women and children) couldn’t argue. However, because of the differences in religious beliefs in the Chesapeake Bay area, there was no one act of laws which could be implemented into the governing of all individuals in the region. This led to constant dispute over who should be represented and have suffrage, and who shouldn’t. Before Virginia was subdivided in 1632, the primary governing body in the colony was the Virginia House of Burgesses.
Religion had a rather large influence on the Puritans. It not only influenced their thought process, but their everyday life and their government. Religion was a large part of the everyday life of the Puritans. Most of their laws were based off of and enforced by their religion. The laws were not only in the government, but they were also brought up in church.
(Coogan, 1916; The Morning After) However, with the formation of Northern Ireland, the main religion went from being Catholic to Protestant. The Protestants had, shrewdly, been able to secure the area for themselves, and although there was a significant Catholic population, the Protestants managed to keep themselves firmly in power. (Wiepking) They did so through Northern Ireland’s outdated political system, in which only land owners were allowed to vote, and this meant that a large part of the Catholic community did not have the opportunity (Wiepking).