Religion played a great role in the establishment of the English colonies. The main reason the English traveled to North America was to escape religious persecution. Once the English settled in they created colonies, and established rules for a religious society. They would also try to convert Natives into Christianity, and they established universities to practice ministry. Once the English settlers got to North America, the House of Burgesses in 1619 said they would try to convert Native children specifically boys into a “ true religion”, then eventually teach them how teach them how to be Christian civil people. High schools were created for Christian boys to continue their studies on religion. Harvard was created in 1636 so young men could study ministry. In 1638 the first Baptist Church was created in Rhode Island. When more churches were created more rules were established that based daily life and behavior on religion. Hence the Blue Laws were created in the 17th century to enforce religious behaviors and ideas. The Blue Laws demanded religious change to daily colonial life, they would prohibit people from selling alcohol on Sundays. These laws would prohibit businesses to open on Sundays, and everyone would be required to attend church on Sundays if not they would drag people of their homes and take them to …show more content…
The lack of religiousness led to more and more colonist assuming 200 people partook in witchcraft. Dissidents started uprising more and this led to more relations with the Natives people. As relations with the Natives grew the church influenced colonist less, which may have led to the colonist rebelling against their higher power. Religion may have also been the cause of the French- Indian war. The French were Catholic and the British were Protestant, hence to them having a “who is” better conflict for seven years, even though they were almost exactly the
The, “Freedom from religious persecution motivated the Pilgrims to leave England...and settle in the New World.” [nps.gov]. The settlers did not agree with what the English government made them believe in. They wanted to have independence religiously, with a say, and the only place for this was the Massachusetts colony in the New World. In the colony, the settlers had the ability to believe what they wanted to in harmony without
Religion was very important to the Puritans in the 1600s. John Winthrop a member of the Puritans gentry, wrote to his wife the ‘I am verily persuaded God will bring some heavy affliction upon this land.” A year later he went and lead a group of a group of puritans to New England. By the 1630s another twenty thousand Puritans would come to America. When John became governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, he told immigrants that will have to guide people toward this holy ideal or they were not welcomed.
Besides English settlers there were numerous other representatives of the European countries settling in the new land. And as the Puritans came to practice their own believes so did other nationalities, as explained in the study material. In my own interpretation America represents change and the believe system as well as the way religion was previously practiced was now changing. This change was greatly influenced by the intellectual movement called Enlightenment, which started in Europe and this influence had bearing on the Great Awakening. Besides Puritans now there were Catholics in Maryland, Quakers in Pennsylvania and the Episcopal Church in the southern states.
In search of religious freedom a group of devout Christians sailed across the ocean only to come across a new land, radically different from the one they left behind. From the initial journey, to the formation of the colonies, and finally their complicated relationship with “non-believers” Puritans strongly held religious convictions has played a key role in all of this. The Puritans were a group of reformed Protestants seeking to reform the English Church. After the fall of the Roman Catholic Church, a new church was established “The English Anglican Church”. While most Puritans sought to reform the church others wanted nothing to do with it these Puritans would eventually be known as Separatists.
By the mid seventeenth century, England had secured its claim to several west indian islands. The colonies continued to develop between 1607 and 1754. In the Southern Colonies, religion was a big factor in the development of this colonial region because it impacted the political developments, affected the social developments, and lastly the religion sometimes varied with the development of the New England Colonies. Colonists in the southern territory were a mixture of religions including Baptist and Anglicans. The Southern Colonies consisted of Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
Socially and culturally, the three groups of colonies grew to be completely different. The New England Colonies’ life was controlled by the Puritan religion. These colonies were not religiously tolerant even though its’ main reason for settlement
In the late 1600’s, many European settlers arrived in North America in hopes of escaping the hardships they faced back home. America initially promised colonists the wealth, religious freedom, and escape from oppression they desired. New England was home to dense forests, and hills which was not optimal for crop growth. Therefore, the colonists directed their attention towards trade and commerce. The people in this region were devoutly religious and believed in the education of children.
The New England colonies were first founded in the last 16th to 17th century as a sanctuary for differing religious groups. New England was made up of the Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire. New Hampshire, however, was formed for economic reasons instead of religious ones. The Chesapeake region, which is made up of the colonies of Maryland and Virginia, was founded by the British colonies for the purpose of farming. However, by the 1700’s, despite both being settled by Englishmen, New England and the Chesapeake region had developed differently.
Laws of segregation started in the north during the civil war (William V. Moore). Black people were segregated from railway cars, theaters, schools, prisons, and hospitals. After the 13th amendment was passed, slaves had some freedom, but then Andrew Johnson took up the presidency when Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, and he was a supporter of states rights. Taking advantage of state’s rights southern states started to pass the “black codes”. Mississippi enacted the first law of the black codes.
The primary goal of Jamestown was to make the colonists who journeyed there wealthy. They were looking for Gold and Silver. Religion wasn’t a main focus of this colony. The Colony was only Anglican because it was controlled by Britain. From the beginning, the main focus of the New England colonies was religion.
The colony of Virginia settled by John Smith based their way of religion like the English. The English way of thinking is to have everyone in the colony believe in one God. That was the only way people could worship and pray. Cause of this they were against many things, for example, the Natives was a major problem for them. The colonists in Virginia did not like the Natives and would use them to survive.
Evidence shows that the Puritans had politically influenced their colonies with their religious values. In the New World, a group of Puritans established the Massachusetts Bay Colony. There, the Puritans would create a government that would revolve around their covenant with God. On the way to the New World, John Winthrop, governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, led a sermon, titled “A Model of Christian Charity”, about Puritan ideals (Winthrop). As well as determining Puritan ideals, the sermon urges colonists to unite as a “city on a hill” for others to look up to (Winthrop).
Religion in the Southern colonies wasn’t as big of a deal like it was in the Middle, and Northern colonies. The main religion in the south was, Anglican. The economy in the south was like no other. The South has warm weather and a good amount of rainfall. The two main crops included: tobacco and rice.
The historical phenomenon of colonization is one of the stretches around the globe and across the time. Colonization or imperialism is the process of settling among and chartering control over homegrown people of an area. Colonization was first led by Spain and Portugal, in search of riches and trade routes mainly. Then it was followed by England, French and many others who left for different reasons. British brought the geographic and political units formerly under their supervision, including dominions, colonies, and dependencies.