After the new United States congress completed its task of creating a Bill of Rights, it turned its attention to the issue of financing the new government. President George Washington appointed Alexander Hamilton as the Treasury Secretary and Hamilton took it upon himself to develop an economic structure for the United States. Hamilton used a strategy of loose construction for the interpretation of the constitution.
The creation of the first bank in the United States prompted a political debate which started in 1791, and went on in the following years. Hamilton’s plan foresaw a bank provided with special powers and privileges, which gave birth to a wide opposition. Although Hamilton 's idea continues to exist in today’s economic environment, at that time his proposal was met with widespread resistance from individuals such as James Madison and Thomas Jefferson, who considered the creation of a federal bank as unconstitutional. Following to a broad interpretation of the Constitution, Hamilton argued that in order to have an effective bank, Congress should be provided with all the powers required. Jefferson disagreed with Hamilton, and claimed that the establishment of such a bank was not consistent with the powers that the Constitution granted to Congress. “Both Jefferson’s and Hamilton’s arguments were based on the Constitution’s Preamble, the “elastic clause” ( Article I, Section 8, clause 18), and Amendment X. The elastic clause gave Congress the right to make laws “necessary and proper” to carry out other powers given to Congress”.---source that explains how the central bank was a new idea for that time (maybe can write how there where many opposers such as James Madison)--- cerca di prenderla da un libro
The title of the book, Hamilton’s Blessing, is extracted from the action by Hamilton of creating the first bank in the United States which continues to stand even today. The creation of the bank created a critical political issue starting from 1791 and years that would follow. The big idea by Hamilton does still exist even in today’s economic environment. The proposal by Hamilton was met with widespread resistance from individuals such as James Madison and Thomas Jefferson. It was necessary to create a federal bank because of the benefits they oversaw would be achieved in the future. The analysis made by Gordon in his book is consistent with arguments made by to have a bank that would be effective in the utilization of the powers authorized from the government as was implied in the constitution . In his factual analysis, Gordon asserts that the Congress or the politicians in general had presented failings and they could not be trusted with controlling the federal deficit. According to Gordon, the problem is not the size of the debt. The real problem is the lack of the political will to either have the taxes increased or cut the spending so that in the times of prosperity and peace, the national debt can be
After the Constitution of the United States of America was ratified, George Washington put its words into action. With the formation of his Cabinet, he appointed two men that soon created conflicts with their contrasting beliefs about how the new government should be run. These men, Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson, soon gained support and divided the country into political parties. Those who supported a stronger federal government, like Hamilton, called themselves Federalists; in opposition, Jefferson leading the Democratic republicans, favored a stronger state government. Both parties had America’s best interest at heart, however Hamilton and the Federalists’ ideas concerning the economy, interpretation of the Constitution, and the future of American society made them more fit for governing the United States.
Thomas Jefferson and Alexander are two of many great leaders, that helped shape the United States. Although these men were both great figures, they had opposing views to each other concerning the central and state governments.
Alexander Hamilton was one of the major promoters and supporters of this revolution. He wanted a way to repay debts and attract investors and he wanted to do this by establishing a Bank of The United States. It had a limited charter and worked with some state and commercial banks. This new system encouraged manufacturing, allowed the government to restore its credit, and gave it the ability to obtain large loans during war. It is only able to do this by monitoring the amount of money in circulation. Hamilton wanted to create public credit with a treasury system, a national bank, a mint, and increase manufacturing which would help unify the country. On the other hand, there was Jefferson, who opposed a strong central government. He argued that the “wealthy would gain at the expense of ordinary Americans and that Hamilton’s political economy would corrupt the morality of citizens and undermine the social conditions essential to republican government”(Powerpoint). The country would opt for an approach closer to Hamilton’s views. One of the first acts was the National Banking Act. This resulted in the creation of national banks would be able to purchase bonds to be deposited into the treasury. One third of the money received was invested into US securities. Originally, there was not much regulation. The National Banking Act created basic changes in the banking system and how credit was distributed. A single capital market began to emerge and there was the creation of a uniform and stable currency. This act enables creditors to gain power and it gives large-scale entrepreneurs an advantage in competing for investment capital. One major weakness of the system is that it restricts beginning entrepreneurs entry into markets because the banks need reserves, which prevents long-term
Hamilton 's monetary course of action for the nation included working up a national bank like that in England to keep up open credit; cementing the states ' commitments under the focal government; and initiating guarded tolls and government enrichments to empower American makes. These measures fortified the administration 's vitality to the hindrance of the states. Jefferson and his political accomplices limited these progressions. Francophile Jefferson expected that the Bank of the United States addressed an inordinate measure of English effect, and he battled that the Constitution did not give Congress the capacity to set up a bank. He didn 't assume that propelling produces was as basic as supporting the authoritatively settled agrarian base. Jefferson regarded "the people who work in the earth" the "picked people of God . . . whose chests he has made his whimsical store for extensive and true blue morals." He provoked his confidants to "let our work-shops remain in
Andrew Jackson believed that he was a guardian of the Constitution .He was fixing the faulty interpretation of the constitution put forth by his fellow congress men. Jackson saw the banks as “monopoly of foreign and domestic exchange” he believed the wealthy people were using the banks to line their pockets with more money. One of Jackson’s opponents, Daniel Webster of Mass. . He believed that Jackson had no true facts on his assessment, in fact he saw the veto as alarming. In westers view, Jackson was using the constitutional argument to support his own grab for power. The Whigs, that where like the federalists that where years before them, viewed the national bank as both necessary and constitutional.
On September 17, 1787, The Philadelphia Convention emitted their own new constitution to the states for ratification. Instead, The Federalist profoundly accepted the Constitution for several reasons, which included that this new constitution allowed for higher and further central government, that was formerly undermined under the Articles of Confederation. In the other hand, The Anti-Federalist, did not want a authoritative and dominant central government, but instead, powerful state governments; in response to the new constitution, many of the Anti-Federalists began writing different essays and creating pamphlets as a means of arguing against it. In retaliation to the Anti-Federalists experiment at earning states to not rarify the Constitution, many federalists advanced a group of essays known as the Federalist Papers, which argued for the ratification of the new law system.
Lecture 14 “Questions to Consider #1”: Why did the Anti Federalists object so strongly to the Preamble to the Constitution?
interests. It was a time of wide-scale conflict not only in the revolutionary realm, but the political sphere as well. In no two people is this better exemplified than Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson. Yet despite their differences, it is arguable that both of them made equal contributions to the country which they helped create. (1)
He successfully argued for the assumption of state debts by the federal government and the establishment of the first national bank – a private, but partially government-owned institution. He firmly established the principles of financial trading. Due to his efforts, the creditworthiness of the United States was restored. Hamilton’s accomplishments as Treasury Secretary were not achieved without a struggle. His congressional opponents tried to exhaust him by demanding detailed reports on the workings of the treasury department with incredibly short delivery dates. Hamilton nearly killed himself fulfilling these requests, but he did so brilliantly and completely, in turn exhausting congress going through them meticulously. He dazzled them with his brilliance and many were simply intellectually incapable of comprehending his plans. Not content to establish the customs service and the coast guard, and create a stable monetary system for the new government, Hamilton also dabbled in the affairs of state, much to the chagrin of Thomas Jefferson. He was once again an indefatigable assistant to Washington. Hamilton left the cabinet after Washington’s first term, returning to his New York law practice to repair his family finances, but Washington continued to rely upon him, as did many other cabinet members. He
Political parties, Democratic Republicans and Federalists, started in the U.S. because of differing views of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson, and the influence of newspapers.
The need for a national bank was very much so necessary. Hamilton also convinced president Washington to sign the bank bill by his lengthy report that stated: