After market reforms, villagers lacked communist leadership, as it was hard to manage with all the corruption of leaders and refusal to comply by villagers. Deng allowed people to express demands and published them on the Democracy Wall. Deng also began to modernize ideas after Mao. He strengthened the fields of agriculture, industry, national defense, science and technology. Deng changed a lot about how China was run because he wanted order, and wanted the rule of Law to provide as it makes the system more attractive to foreign investors.
Mao Zedong v.s. Deng Xiaoping Mao Zedong, one of the most notable communist revolutionaries and the founding father of the People’s Republic of China, has played a significant role in the county’s evolution into a communist-led system. His philosophies along with the power he gained as Chairman of the communist party allowed his to exert great influence over the people of China throughout most of the 50s, 60s, and 70s. Mao took the ideas of Marx’s communism and applied them to China (Mao Zedong Thought), favoring the peasants and the idea of a peasant revolution, rather than the industrial workers (China was not completely industrialized at the time). He believed the peasant class would be the driving force behind a communist takeover
The book speaks on how Mao’s Great Leap Forward lead to starvation and cannibalism and how collective farming would not be an efficient policy. It explains how government-planned economy resulted in a large financial hole that China stayed in for years. The BBC completely supports the message in the book, “The result, instead, was a massive decline in agricultural output, which, together with poor harvests, led to famine and the deaths of millions.” The BBC also agrees with the human and cultural toll in result of Mao starting the Cultural Revolution, and how that it crippled
Thus, he was not a hero, but was a tyrant as he used power unjustly. However, the success of the First Five Year Plan was solely a coincident. Mao usually made plans that were too radical. After the great achievement of the First Five Year Plan, there was a false optimism that goals could be easily achieved. He, thus, decided to achieve his aim by mobilizing people to participate mass movement to change China to a socialist modernized nation.
For example, the standardized axle length made travel much safer, easier and faster since everyone’s cart took up the same amount of space on the road. As well as creating standardized axle, Qin Shi Huangdi created a standardized currency that was used throughout the empire. A single currency benefited the dynasty by making trade and communications much easier. In “Document #5” entitled “Ten Kings and the Worlds They Ruled”, it is proven that King Louis’s reforms focused more on religious affairs by discussing implementation and goal of his policy: “Louis tried to impose uniformity in religious affairs… his actions made the edict [of Nantes]” (Doc 5). The reason he created the Edict was to establish toleration towards Huguenots (Protestants).
The decentralised government in Ming/Qing dynasties restricted foreign trade and focused on agriculture. Smith emphasized that the large internal market in China could not replace the foreign trade and blamed China’s isolationism and the lack of secure property rights for the lagging economic growth in the country. However, some Revisionists argued that Chinese had similar incomes as the Europeans in the 18th century. There are also a group of theorists called the California School believes in the “late divergence” between China and Europe which happened in the late Qing dynasty. They reject the factors of both Malthusian and Smithian model, and emphasized the importance of
Mao Zedong (also called Mao Tse-tung) established the People's Republic of China and was the primary pioneer of the nation from its foundation in 1949 until his passing in 1976. Mao also drove the communist revolution in China and battled against the Nationalist Party in the Chinese Civil War. His thoughts and methods of insight in regards to socialism and Marxism are frequently alluded to as Maoism. Mao was born the child of a laborer agriculturist on December 26, 1893 in Shaoshan, Hunan Province, China. He went to the neighborhood school until he turned 13 when he went to work 40 hours per week on the family's farm.
The impact of the Chinese Cultural Revolution on the arts and education The Chinese Cultural Revolution was a deadly weapon used by Mao Zedong to enforce his political power and wipe out the Chinese intelligentsia for the next few decades. It was a turning point in Chinese art, education and other traditions. When Mao officially encouraged his student army to destroy the “Four Olds”: old customs, culture, habits and ideas, China made a sharp turn towards cultural and intellectual decline. Visual art in late 1960s China was heavily influenced by politics and the wishes of the Chinese Communist Party. One of those policies was the cult of Mao Zedong.
The Chinese ruling class was instead opposed to the reform in China. The conservatives worried that changes in the reform will threaten themselves and weakened their power. The Hundred Days’ Reform is a great demonstration of how the power struggle resist the reform in China. The reform was short-lived, changes in political, social and military, economic system were proposed but were merely in paper due to opposition from the conservative Chinese official and the empress Cixi, who felt threatened by the changes, reformers backing the reform were then caught and executed. (Fairbank, Goldman, 1992) The reformation in China faced major opposition and thus the reform in China mainly focused in implementing western innovation and technology and little is changed in the more controversy political and legal