He succeeded as ruler of Spain after the civil war. Spain was a Republic since 1930. There was tension between a republican left and a clerical right. Coup was approached by both sides, but Franco was a fascist ruler and was supported by Italy and Germany, while the Soviet Union opposed Franco and Britain remained neutral. The Fascist ruler won the civil war.
The Fascist State is itself conscious and has itself a will and a personality (Mussolini, "Fascism," the Italian Encyclopaedia, 1932.). Mussolini is considered to be the father of Fascism. His only purpose to found Fascism was to gain power and be in control. During the World War I, Mussolini was the only lasting hope for a war devastated Italy to regain regional strength. Fascism began as follows; after the war in Italy, Mussolini had established the ‘National Fascist Party’.
Before we delve into the complex structure of Fascism, one should understand some of the general features of the ideology. It has been taken into account that Fascism has evolved dramatically over the course of time. Looking back at the historical context, in the early 20th century, it has been associated with revolutionary politics. For William Ebenstein, fascism is a totalitarian organization of government and society by a single party dictatorship. Fascism is a popular movement and an ideology that was developed through time series of rebellions, revolutions, and war.
Trujillo maintains his power by degrading citizens and instilling fear inside the members underneath his dictatorship. One way Marxist Criticism can be applied to In the Time of the Butterflies is looking at how Trujillo maintains his power by degrading citizens in the country. He degrades his citizens by taking away or destroying everything they have to make their lives miserable. Trujillo does this to ensure that no one, besides himself, will
Fascism was originally used to describe the government of Benito Mussolini, in Italy.According to Dahlia S. Elazar`s book , The making of Fascism-Class , State , Counter-revolution , Italy 1919-1922, word fascio means combination and its origin lies in the bundle of elm or birch rods bound about the lector`s ax , the emblem of the authority of the Roman state -14.The word has been used in Italy for various political and social associations. State emphasized patriotism , national unity , hatred of communism, admiration of military values and obedience.German economic system
Each one of them is very similar and is related to the other. Communism also can be described as socialism that’s looks to abolish private ownership of things and that strive to have a classless society, meaning everyone with be in the same class. Leninism can be termed as the socialist economic and political theories of Lenin. Leninism has been derived from communism. Communism was developed as a theory after the Bolshevik revolution
Question 2: What is the difference between Socialism and Communism? Which is closer to Marxism? Before indicating the difference between these two, Socialism and Communism, we should know briefly about them first. Due to the movements in the Industrial Revolution, Socialism began to emerge in the late 18th and early 19th century. Basically, this term is a method of managing a society in which industries are controlled by the government rather than individual people, which differs from the doctrine of capitalism.
Record Main Ideas in Point Form -During the time of the Soviet Union the people of the state lived under a command economy -The country was on its way to becoming communist, however remained socialist and never really reached the utopia of communism like many people hoped for -Communism was dramatically different from liberalism in America during the time after the war -Following the overthrow of Czar Nicholas II a socialist state was created within the remains of the former Russian empire -Following the close control of Lenin, the russian people captured Czar’s kingdom where he lived -The people killed the Czar and took control of the country -They did this under the theory of Communism -Pre communism everyone is equal this is why people were brainwashed to kill the Czar -He did this through manipulating poor people who wanted equality of status -Under the leadership of Lenin they successfully overthrow the Czar’s ruling -From the Czar’s ruling it became a country of the people -Brought all states and parties into one- the Communist Party -From the start of the year 1924, Joseph Stalin began his planned rise to power within the command economy, but in complete reality it can be categorized as totalitarianism -There was complete control of the political, social and economic aspects of everyone’s life by the soviet government -Technically ruled via fear and encrypted way of thinking from a young age -Form of unity and brainwash was utilized and students were
(10) In order to fully grasp command economies, we must have a clear understanding of communism. Simply put, communism is a social system envisioned by German scholar Karl Marx, under which all means of production and all property is owned by the community collectively, where each person contributes and receives according to their needs and abilities. (11) In its essence, communism strives to relieve individuals of the burden of inequality by giving up their individual freedoms to their central government that will redistribute income and wealth equally to everyone. In theory, it advocates a classless society and the abolition of private property to achieve its goals. (12) Under communism, there is no “my”, there is only “our”.
This can be seen in the Marxist belief that the culture of capitalist societies is prevailed by ideas with the interests of the economically dominant class (Heywood 2003, 5). Thus, in this chapter we discuss and consider the ideas and ideologies, the nature of political ideology, political system, and voting behaviour in Indian context. Generally, ideology refers to the study of ideas while there is no agreed or certain definition for ideology, but a set of rival definitions (Heywood 2003, 5). The British political scientist, David McLellan, in his book “Ideology” (1995) declares that “Ideology is the most elusive concept in the whole of the social sciences.”