For example, after world war 1 Hitler, Stalin, and Mussolini used this criteria to take power over their countries. Indoctrination is a characteristic of totalitarianism. Indoctrination means that
The fathers of the ideology initially called for revolutionary change. Edward Bernstein highlights this tension in his preface to Evolutionary Socialism. He says, “No one has questioned the necessity for the working class to gain control of the government. The point at issue is between the theory of social cataclysm and the question whether with the given social development in Germany, and the present advanced state of its working classes in the towns in the country, a sudden catastrophe would be desirable in the interest of social democracy (Bernstein 141).” Bernstein makes the argument that a Marx and Engels overestimated the amount of time systemic change would take in their Communist Manifesto. If they did indeed overestimate, it is possible that a cataclysm or revolution is not necessary to achieve the results they
A year later, Hitler had appointed Goebbels to the post of national director of propaganda for the Nazi Party. Once Goebbels was initiated into this position, he began to create the Fuhrer myth around Hitler and emphasized it with large rallies that would gear German people toward Nazism. Goebbels’ daily activities included increasing political agitation and publishing propaganda pieces, which were now
“The Communist Manifesto is an 1848 political pamphlet by the German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles” (Liberty Zone). Enlges wanted to organize the international communist movement. Marx predicted imminent revolution in Europe. The manifest directly faced the exploitative order of its time and was intended to move a class. The Communist Manifesto explains the goals of communism.
Benito Mussolini, a former social Journalist, who was the leader that seized power and coined the term of Fascism. His ideas were fascist that aligns more with the authoritarian of modernity, believing that everything an individual does needs to be for the State over all other motives. Fascism combines mass movement with the aggression of authoritarian nationalism, antisocialist, and anti-liberal values. Mussolini’s fascism represented a counterrevolution following the Russian Revolution of 1917. Landowners and factory owners paid vigilante groups to attack socialist leaders.
Nationalism is about having the greater love, pride for one’s state, its about loyalty and devotion to the shared cause of nation building. For the most part of early nineteenth century it played a uniting role in European politics which gave them some form of stability and common cause to fight for. So, when the fervor of nationalism crosses that invisible line then it leads to Imperialism. Imperialism is about forcing other people, foreign territory into subjugation who are different. Japanese attack on China and Korea before and during second world war was a form of Imperialism.
Vladimir Lenin was a prominent yet controversial figure of the 20th century; he founded the Bolshevik party and crafted the 1917 Socialist Revolution in Russia. The Bolsheviks strived to destruct the Tsarist regime and instead sought the establishment of a socialist state. Consequently, Lenin was the first leader of the Soviet Union. Politically, socially and economically, Lenin used socialism and its influence to avail the Russian population out of the abysmal environment of which they resided. Lenin had an immense influence in the turn of the 20th century including his leadership of the Bolshevik revolution from the first communist state in history.
The Communist Manifesto explains what Communism wants to accomplish. Class struggles are one of the main focuses and cause historical developments. Relationships are formed between the classes, the haves and have nots, and eventually there is a revolution because the upper class abuses the lower classes. After the revolution a new class rules and the process repeats itself in capitalism. This is why the Manifesto argues that capitalism is unstable.
On the other hand, Stalin imposed government control over the Soviet Union’s economy. The difference of these two are one wants there to be a complete race of all the same people. The other is wanting all power over the entire union. The treatment of citizen was also different between the two. Hitler’s was he treated the Jews with little or no respect, he even killed them.
In 1848 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published The Communist Manifesto. Communism is a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and need, ‘‘Thus, the needs of a society would be put above and beyond the specific needs of an individual.’’. Marx and Engels desired to end capitalism feeling that it was the social class system that led to the exploitation of workers. The workers that were less valuable would develop class consciousness causing conflict among the classes that would be resolved through violent means. In theory communism sounds like a good idea but in reality it has never worked.
During the interwar period, totalitarian leaders and their regimes were remarkably successful and gaining and holding power. One of the most successful totalitarian leaders was Adolf Hitler and the NAZI party. Hitler brought Germany out of the slump that they had been put in by the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler introduced new laws and policies that allowed the NAZI party to gain and hold power. Hitler combined terror and propaganda, with his new policies to turn the unsuspecting Germany into a totalitarian state.
Mao wanted to add his own twist to communism by introducing mass mobilization of the labor force with the goal of improving industrial and agricultural production (BBC). This had the exact opposite effect because it created a decline of output and, therefore, led to poor harvests and starvation (BBC). His careless dictatorship resulted from steering away from the true objective of communism. Marx’s idea of communism was meant to be positive by expressing concerns for the working classes, yet practice of it became oppressive under the leadership of early communist leaders such Stalin and Mao