In the past, people from countries like Russia, and Cuba have been well known communist countries, while people from Italy and Germany, have had their fair share of Fascism. It is not surprising that many people find the two concepts confusing, despite them having different views in politics both fascism and communism have a few things in common (Communism vs. Fascism). Some basic similarities is that both these political parties originated in Europe. “Both had dictatorial tendencies and tend to advocate a rule by one party” (Communism vs. Fascism). These parties took full control of most parts of their government, even taking total control of the press.
Communism and Fascism while being on opposite ends of the political spectrum and completely different on paper, but in reality they are very similar. Both of these ideologies depend heavily on nationalism and patriotism. All of this nationalism contributes to a state of totalitarianism in which there the state is controlled by one party, and there is a single strong and usually charismatic leader. This leader in fascism usually represents the nation, while in communism this leader’s power derives from his role of power within his party. Communism is a completely classless, moneyless, and egalitarian society.
One of the more repellent features of capitalism is it’s imperialistic association. What Marx and Engels lay out in the Communist Manifesto of what communism is, as a political and economic movement, leads me to conclude there is a potential for communism to be associated with imperialism as well. In fact, history shows us that communist countries, like the Soviet Union, made a great effort to support and expand communism, primarily in developing countries, in similar ways that capitalist countries seek to support and expand democracy. An example of how communism has been imperialistic can be seen in the Ethio-Somali war in the late 1970’s, where Ethiopia under the Marxist rule of the Derg led by Mengistu Hailemariam, fought against Somalia to maintain a
First, the German thinker, Marx, and a letter called “ Manifesto of the Communist Party”, bring about the concept of communism that was being used in many areas back in the olden days. For Mussolini, the Italian revolutionary, who adopted socialism but discovered later that it was not yet the right answer for himself. He was supported by the King Victor Emmanuel, then he became the prime minister, and established fascism for his own ruling. Initially, communism focuses on a classless society while fascists believe in a class-based society. As a result of capitalism, there were class struggles between “Bourgeoisie” the middle class and “Proletarians” working class.
According to Arendt, totalitarian ideology traces its roots mainly in imperialism and anti-Semitism. To prove her theories, she intends to trace the thinking process itself in these societies which lead to establishment of such regimes. She identifies racism and bureaucracy as the "two main political devices" of imperialism. (H Arendt - 1950, pp.185) She states that there is an correlation between racial hostility and class antagonism, but she sees neither racism nor anti-Semitism as an underlying cause of totalitarianism. The disintegration of nation states after the First World War which were governed by law and cultural ties was now taken over by issues of race and religion.
They were both built in a dynasty. Confucianism was built in the Zhou dynasty while legalism was built and founded in the Qin dynasty. Both philosophies were followed during that period of time. Both philosophies controlled the society it was in, even if they didn’t like it. For confucianism, they believed that it controlled people action’s in society, this one was followed willing, which means they did want to believe in this ruling.
Of all the documents of modern socialism, it is the most widely read and the most influential. It is the systematic statement of the philosophy that has come to be known as Marxism. The Communist Manifesto has four sections. In the first section, it discusses the Communists' theory of history and the relationship between proletarians and bourgeoisie. The second section explains the relationship between the Communists and the proletarians.
In Benito Mussolini’s “The Doctrine of Fascism”, he describes the Fascist state as “the highest and most powerful form of personality, is a force, but a spiritual force, which takes over all the forms of moral and intellectual life of a man” (Ideals and Ideologies, pg. 376). This description of Fascism indicates a government that is involved in the lives of its citizens to an extreme degree. Mussolini continues his explanation of Fascism in saying “It cannot therefore confine itself simply to the functions of order and supervision as Liberalism desired.” (Ideals and Ideologies, pg. 376) By addressing the contrast between Fascism and Liberalism, Mussolini highlights the dramatically different expectations for government each has.
The difference between communism and marxism is that marxism is only the idea or framework, and communism is the practical application of that idea. In 1846 Marx established the Communist Correspondence Committee, also known as the Communist League, this is known as the first organized political party that was communist. The Communist League was unsuccessful and was disbanded in in 1852, but during this time Marx was inspired to write the very infamous book The Communist Manifesto. After the Communist League failed Marx helped established the International Workingmen's Association, which was aimed at very left-wing working class men. This organization was much more successful that the Communist League, but because of internal tension between the socialists and the anarchists the
In Karl Marx’s 1848 political work The Communist Manifesto, he outlines the problems he observes in existing economic, political, and social structures while also expressing a desire to destroy those structures. Marx’s writing places heavy emphasis on class barriers in particular, exploring the discrepancies and class antagonisms between the “proletariat” laborer class and the “bourgeoisie” ruling class. The manifesto proceeds to provide an alternative to these existing sociopolitical class structures: “an association, in which the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all.” (Marx 244) The problem with this proposed structural goal is not the fundamental idea of eliminating class antagonisms, but rather that