During the inter-war period (1920-1939), totalitarian ideas, Fascism and Nazism developed rapidly in Italy and Germany respectively. Fascism comes from an ancient Latin word fasces, which is referred to an axe tied with rods. It represents a symbol of authority in ancient Rome and became the symbol of Fascist party which rose in power in Italy in 1922. While Nazism rose in Germany in 1933, whose name came from the Nazi party, National Socialist German Worker’s Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei). They threatened world peace and became an important factor of the outbreak of the WW2. Fascism and Nazism have many things similar, however, there are also some considerable differences between them. Concerning the background, both Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany rose because people were discontented with the weak democratic governments at that time and strongly felt the Paris Peace Settlement unfair. Italians were not satisfied with the limited reward granted to them after the WW1 compared to their huge contribution (i.e. the Italian government had made huge military expenditure and the total cost of the war is 148,000 million lire, twice more than the total sum expenditure of all Italian government for 1861 to 1913) (Lee, 2000). They thought the Italian government was too weak in defending the country’s interest as it was forced by the League of Nations to agree to let Fiume become a free city, which had a majority of ethnic Italians. The League of Nations also
Fascism and communism are both types of totalitarian style governments that had a great influence on the 20th century. Communism involved the emphasis on the common good by seizing private property and distributing it among the masses in order to create state-owned property, whereas fascism involved the complete rule of a dictator by forcibly suppressing the opposition with an emphasis on nationalism and sometimes racism. The most popular example of communism was the Soviet Union, but many smaller countries possessed the Soviet Union’s communist influence. The two most popular examples of fascist style governments include Hitler’s Nazism in Germany, which had an emphasis on racism, and Mussolini’s fascist state in Italy. Although many countries pursued communist style governments, fascism had a greater impact and
In Europe after WWI, many borders changed, nations broke apart and new governments rose. Many changes occurred, however, different countries handled these changes in different ways. Some European countries turned toward fascism while other European countries stayed democratic. Following the war, the economies of some countries remained strong enough for democracy to persist, however, countries such as Germany and Italy turned to fascism as a result of the poor economic state that WWI left these nations in and, as a result of the rise of extreme nationalism.
During the 1930’s and 40’s Nazi Germany was a dictatorship ruled by Adolf Hitler he was a cruel dictator who had a goal to eliminate all european jews this shows in “Law,Justice,and the Holocaust” where it says that he and The Nazis mainly targeted people of the Jewish faith, at the end of the war they successfully killed six million jewish men,women, and children. This event was known as the holocaust. Hitler was a very cruel and hated man by the people who weren’t being schooled by the Nazis.
World War I devastated countries throughout Europe. Economies collapsed and dismantled the way of life for the majority of people, especially in Germany. The Allied powers had blamed them for being the perpetrator of the war and so they punished Germany severally. In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin ruled the country with an iron fist that resulted in millions dead and/or starving. In Italy, the country had been promised territory but never received any land.
I do not believe that there is a future to fascism. As time goes on people have wanted more of a say in their government, and fascism would not lead to that. A system with fascism does not ever work, and it could lead to corruption and the killings on many people. Adolf Hitler is one of the main examples of what fascism could lead you to. He led a genocide in his own country that killed jews, political prisoners, the disabled, and homosexuals.
Nazism significantly impacted the propaganda, terror and repression in a time of the abolition of the Weimar and rising of Hitler. The German civilization was greatly affected German people from 1933-1939 making the ideology of Nazism change most facets of life. The underlying nature of the anti semitic and nationalist theme amongst the media was a supplement to a large portions of society 's initial views. By the 30th of January 1933, Hitler had been appointed Chancellor. The intentions to commit to the ‘Final Solution’ was obvious when he used propaganda, terror and repression in order to influence and persuade his actions, therefore justifying it to himself and others he took authority over.
Have you ever heard the saying that Fascism and Communism are two sides of the same coin? These ideologies flourished during the first half of the 20th century and influenced several European states which followed the two ideologies. Fascism was imposed in order to promote powerful and permanent nationalism within a totalitarian state led by a dictator which is ready to engage in conflict internally and with its neighbors. The doctrine of Fascism was drafted in 1919 by Giovanni Gentile and adopted by Mussolini (Mussolini is considered the founder of fascism). Gentile stated, “Everything for the state; nothing against the state” (Heywood, Politics 48).
The Third Reich, referring to Hitler’s reign and Germany being under Nazi rule between the years 1933-1945, is often referred to as a totalitarian state. A totalitarian state is a system of government in which all power is centralized and does not allow any rival authorities, and the state controls every corner of individual lives with absolute power. Nazi Germany has been referred to as an excellent example of this type of government. This essay will analyse five aspects of Nazi Germany to determine whether it truly exhibited the totalitarian style of government.
The Rise of Dictatorial Regimes Fascism glorifies the state above the individual by emphasizing the need for a strong central government led by a dictatorial ruler. Fascism originated from the name Fascio di Combattimento which is a political group or League of Combat. Benito Mussolini started this fascism stage in the world it was called the first European Fascist movement in Italy. Mussolini used fascism more because it took control of people best and if anyone were to stand out of this unit then they would would be terminated.
As a conclusion, Arendt define totalitarianism as a combination of total terror and ideology with the potential of destructive power existing within both Nazi Germany and Stalin’s rule in Soviet Russia. Arendt’s argument was criticized massively since it draws similarities between a communist regime and national socialism which have completely different economic base and the structure of the party system (Kershaw, 2004 : 239). Moreover, there are differences between Nazism and Stalinism in terms of the role of the leader (Sauer, 1967 : 419). While fascist regimes are identical with their leaders, Bolshevism is relatively less dependent on the leaders in order to survive and maintain the social and political order. (Sauer, 1967 : 419).
Nazi Germany is the common name for the German Reich from 1933 to 1945 with Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party in command. Fascist Italy is the era of National Fascist Party rule from 1922 to 1943 with Benito Mussolini as the totalitarian ruler. Under Hitler’s rule, Germany was transformed into a fascist dictatorial state that controlled all aspects of life. The fascists, in Italy, imposed totalitarian rule and crushed the political and intellectual opposition. With this being said, there are other similarities and differences between Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.
The period of the Third Reich (also known as the National Socialist period) began in 1933 and lasted until the fall of Nazi Germany in 1945. During this time of history, Germany had shift its focus on antisemitism, from blaming them for its social and economic failure toward a hate for their religion and ethnic background. The Christian church, still harboring antisemitic feelings towards the Jews, attempted to further propagate antisemitism through politics. After Hitler came to power, his prerogatives were to unify the church with the state. Prior to Hitler the Nazi party was indifferent about the church.
Fascism in an authoritative government that is led by a dictator with complete power. Fascists believe in extreme nationalism, militarism etc. However, the citizens of Italy were subjected to strict media control. Everything in the media was overseen by the government. However, Mussolini wasn’t the only person watching over these people.
Fascism is ideology which often uses totalitarianism and nationalism methods. The fascist leaders made people are the subject to the government, and limit the independency of the people, in order to gain the better for the nation. This is somehow similar to absolutism of western Europe during 17th and 18th century. Absolutism had given the monarch absolute power to rule over people, while fascism had given the leader and the nation the power to rule over the people of the state. Moreover, fascism had denied the democratic parliament system, and had only allowed the “elite” to rule over the country.
In the late 1920’s, the Nazi party had little success but in 1933, Hitler and the Nazis came to power. Hitler was the leader of a small right-wing party with very extremist ideas. Within a couple of years this party was in control of Germany. The factors that caused Hitler’s success for the rise of Nazism has been studied ever since. Hitler’s organisation skills and personal traits helped to bring the Naizs into power.