After World World I, Italy was in a chaotic state of cultural, political, and economic change. The outcome of the Treaty of Versailles left the Italian people with many problems, which cause even more turmoil. An Italian born military leader named Benito Mussolini felt he needed to do something for his country, so in the year 1919 he introduced Fascism. Webster's dictionary defines fascism as “a political movement, or regime that stands for a centralized autocratic government lead by a dictatorial leader” (Webster,2017). While some people believe Mussolini’s “Fascist Movement” to be deficient”, I believe that through Mussolini’s rise to power and creation of the Fascist regime helped strengthen his desire to unify the Italian population.
They beat Austria, France and Russia, then carved up Poland, and later through the way of Prussian dynasty war to completed the unification of the German Empire. The influence of the dynasty war and the Prussian militarism has cast a shadow over the future of German Fascism. On the economic side, the outbreak of the world financial crisis promoted the development and expansion of the German fascists.
Furthermore, the Italian officials were very corrupted and serious crippled the corporation system. This has further worsened the economic situation in Italy and unemployment even rose under the rule of Mussolini. (Robert, 2003) When the world was at the brink of another world war, Italy still relied on foreign imports of raw materials; the Italian economy remained a dependent economy by
Although the Italian Campaign lasted a significant amount of time, it is not remembered as well as the other campaigns and battles from the second world war that occurred on the eastern European front and on the islands of the Pacific, but it’s of equal, if not superlative importance. Writing Assignment #3: Research-Support Cause Effect Essay Effects of the Italian Campaign The world at war, a phrase uttered only two times in the entire history of mankind. A phrase that symbolizes that the world’s powers are on the brink of collapse and that the future of mankind is at risk of complete destruction. This was never more the case than during the second world war when the Allied powers, the United States, Great Britain, France, along with several other cobelligerents, took on the Axis powers of Germany, Italy, and the Empire of Japan. The Axis powers were led by the German war machine, better known as the Nazi Empire.
Italy’s complex war history has directly affected the culture of Italy. Mussolini Italy’s leader during world war II made many decisions that had the country questioning his judgment. Although most of the country disagreed with Mussolini he proceeded with his decision to align the country with Germany’s agenda (Saunders, 2010). Together the two countries fought many battles, two of the infamous battles of North Africa and Sicily. Italian forces invaded Abyssinia, Africa in 1935.
Between 9.8 million and 10.4 million casualties were civilians murdered for political or racial reasons by the Nazi regime. Deaths were unequally distributed across countries whether they were military death due to combat, civilian deaths or the holocausts. There was creation of the united Nation and new Economic organization. This was despite the failure of the League of Nation to stop the outbreak of the World War II, believed to have been too weak to stop the aggressive maneuvering of Germany, Japan and Italy. However a stronger organization was created with leader hoping to avoid a recurrence of the Great Depression.
In the aftermath of World War One, Italy did not receive the territory it had been promised at the Treaty of Versailles’s ratification. Instead provided with two small territories in exchange for their contributions (500,000 dead, 1 million wounded) to the winning Allied side, Italians felt betrayed. The liberal Italian government quickly became a scapegoat for Italian nationalists who they accused of accepting a “mutilated victory” that failed to compensate Italy for its excessive casualties. Benito Mussolini, bitter himself as a result of aforementioned events, possessed skills that cajoled disaffected and unemployed veterans. By harnessing and capitalizing on their anger, he eventually gained a solid control of Italy.
How did the conditions in Germany and the methods used by the Nazis assist Hitler in his rise to power? Germany had endured a brutal war that led to extensive long-term consequences. World War One generated a period of serious financial and political instability which plunged the German population into homelessness, unemployment and near-starvation. The people were distressed. They needed a leader who paid attention to their views and opinions -somebody who could stop this calamity and change Germany into a powerful nation once again.
The British military leaders had experienced the vicious fighting against the Germans in World War I that had inflicted such heavy casualties on their forces. Most of them had also confronted the Wehrmacht’s formidable fighting power during the disastrous 1940 campaign in France while the experiences of British forces in North Africa and Libya against Field Marshal Erwin Rommel it did so much to diminish their respect for the German military capabilities. After the war, Brooke put the situation in these terms. He said, That he had found Marshall's rigid form of strategy very difficult to cope with. He said that he had never really fully appreciated what operations in France would mean the different type of training of German divisions as opposed to the rawt traiining American divisions and to most of our new divisions.
The treaty of Versailles, created by the allied nations, aimed itself at weakening Germany as much as possible. The treaty forced a German loss of territory, massive economical problems, which again were only worsened by the great depression in the 1930s and forced a large number of German people to flee their country. It also severely weakened the German government, so that when the time came, it became a lot easier for Hitler on his way to power in Germany with fascism and nazism. And in most people’s opinion, Hitler is the main character and factor of the Second World War. But without the treaty of Versailles, Hitler was most likely to fail on his path to power in Germany, and would never have succeeded to start a war in the first place.