“War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength” (Orwell 17). The chilling dystopia presented in 1984 exemplifies the malicious nature of totalitarian governments in their pursuit of power and the various methods implemented to achieve control over the population. Using psychological manipulation and fear through war, falsehoods, and torture, Big Brother retains absolute control over one’s thoughts and actions, and thus strips the individual of humanity.
The Abraham Lincoln Brigade were people from the left-wing political party members such as communist, socialist, and anarchist. In addition, they were ordinary US citizens, nurses, technicians, women, men, Blacks and Whites. They fought besides 52 countries who wanted to stop the spread of fascism, which is a right-wing political party. When Spain was became a republic, right-wing party wanted it to go back to its old way. Thus, military in Spain tried to overthrow Spain Republic, because it was seen as a threat to right-wing’s government power.
The weaknesses faced by the Weimar Republic was known which also enabled Hitler to exploit the weaknesses of the left and the moderates. Appearing to be the strong leader and withholding the communication skills needed to lead a country, he was able to gain the votes he needed (Orlow 'Modern Germany ' p.185). There were violent strikes in the streets, back and forth fighting, rioting. People were killed and the people of Germany, who feared Communism and despise chaos, sided with the “volkishe” parties, who promised to establish law and order. The people of Germany thought rather than having thousands die it would be better to have law and order and break a few heads than to live with that chaos.
The French Revolution differs from the model in the way that the King made a minimal effort to appease the third estate when they appeared to begin to revolt when the model doesn’t mention a compromise on either parts, and in the way that violence was a major aspect of the revolution and mass murders occurred. The Crane Brinton model states that the first stage of a revolution, called “The Old Regime”, is when reformers begin to rise up against a economically and politically weak government and tension arises between classes; the second stage involves symbolic actions, planning of the revolution, and a significant increase in the power of the revolutionaries, even more than the government; the third stage is rule of the moderates where there is a better and more organized government, and moderates take over, write a new constitution, and fight a war. The French Revolution follows the model pretty closely excluding for when the King made a small effort to prevent the revolution, and during the violent stages. When King Louis XVI saw the economic crisis that France
Most of the population disagreed with both of the policies, however, the benefits and the positive effects outweighed for many. War Communism had a significant impact on the peasantry and the proletariat, it was extremely unpopular and not successful enough to continue. It has been suggested that War Communism was an attempt by the Bolsheviks to go straight to socialism, it is more likely that it was a reaction to wartime conditions, justified by ideological position. The effect of War Communism on the proletariat was immense, Lenin nationalised businesses to place the economy on a war footing. All industries came under direct control of the state, managers were forced to stay in their positions and private trades were banned.
By the start of the twentieth century, most countries in Latin America were still under the rule of dictators. The Taft administration, therefore, attempted to negotiate with the rulers. However, as some countries would not settle a treaty with the US, Taft decided to use the US military force to destroy dictatorship and establish democracy. For instance, in 1909, Taft sent a troop to stir up a revolution against the ruling dictator José Santos Zelaya of Nicaragua, before using the military to go after the fleeing dictator and breaking off relation with the country. This example demonstrated that the diplomacy was not merely concerned about the economy, but also made an effort to establish what the Taft administration deemed as a better form of government than
It was called gilded Age for the same reason that it was only lined with gold. The age, in reality, was corrupt. Emma Goldman rightly unleashed the lack of freedom as she stated that the democracy that her people are subjected to is only enslavement in new forms. The workers are slaves who are exploited and so are the military men fighting wars for their country (qtd. Zinn, 372)
Joking about communism, complaining or speaking ill of the country, not showing respect to authority figures, or merely looking strange could lead to one being arrested as a political prisoner. This means that practically anyone could be falsely arrested and “The Nazis persecuted non-Jewish German opponents both real and perceived” (Political Prisoners). Not only were people of different religious backgrounds being taken away left
In Anthem, Ayn Rand depicts a government that has structured control over its citizens and everyone is equal. Comparably, fascism is a governmental system, led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism. Communism is a system in which all property is owned by the government and there is a collective, classless society. The society presented in this novella is similar to communism, as the government establishes a classless routined society and relates to fascism, as the government has complete control and restricts individualism.
Caesar had his flaws, but he was only human. Caesar was seen as a serpent who was ready to strike and create a society that revolved around himself and would keep him at the top. On the contrary, even though the conspirators claim to have had the best intentions of Rome in their conscious and actions when assassinating Caesar, Rome still plunged itself into a civil war that disrupted the peace in the nation. Therefore, was Caesar a menace to society even though he led Rome to victory over Pompey, brought peace and created a sense of nationalism in Rome, and enforced the laws strictly in the case of Metellus Cimber in Act 3, Scene
The cold war was fueled by ignorance. It seems extremely irrational that these two superpowers went to war over political beliefs seeing that currently full communism is a failure and capitalism is embracing certain communist beliefs. Communism was not a very bad idea as it promoted equality. Nonetheless, how communism
(Orwell) However, throughout the entire book, the war against Eastasia or Eurasia raged. This shows that someone will always be against the Party, or the society based on complete power. In World War II, Germany was a country based on hatred towards others – Jews, homosexuals, the disabled, and gypsies. Just like in the book 1984, the people of the country were manipulated.
The Party also used propaganda in order to convince the masses that Oceania was living in economic prosperity, the country was doing better than the past years. The junior anti sex league, posters of Big Brother, patriotic songs, Hate week, party slogans, telescreens, constant surveillance and telescreen are some of the many ways the government controls the people. In a similar manner, the Nazis used propaganda to increase their support and appeal. They
Q7. The Fascist nations were extremely powerful during their time, along with the strong leadership they provided. Fascism is a political movement which promotes extreme forms of militarism and nationalism. It includes the denial of individual rights and dictatorial one-party rule. Fascism has several characteristics; for example, social, chief examples, basic principles, political, economic, and cultural characteristics.