The enslaved Africans had long contact with Catholicism which lead to syncretism between their aboriginal religious beliefs, doctrines, and rituals. According to Nathaniel Murrell (2010) Syncretism “implies the blending of different religious elements into an undifferentiated religions”. In order words, syncretism is the attempted reconciliation or union of different or opposing principles, practices, or parties as in philosophy or religion. Religious syncretism is the blending of a foreign belief and an indigenous belief systems and teachings. Syncretism has been a key part of the survival of African practices on the plantation. The enslaves were forbidden to practice their faith publicly. The planters believed that the Africans were Eden …show more content…
The history is very important as it goes way back to West Africa. In the 16th century slave trade, Africans were transported to the Caribbean to work as slaves on European owned plantations. They were taken from different tribes, regions and countries in West Africa such as: Senegal, Gambia, Congo regions, Nigeria and Dahomey. They brought with them their oral traditions that blossomed in some West Indian countries such as; Cuba, Haiti and Brazil. The enslaved Africans had a very rigid daily routine as they had to wake up 3am and stopped working 6pm. This gave them little or no time to practice their traditional African Voodoo. Patrick Taylor stated that “Haitian Voodoo consists of primarily four different nanchon or nations; Rada (Arada or Dahomey), Petro, Kongo and Ibo”. These spirits served as links to Africa and the new world. It also provided the enslaved with various means to survive in the new world. However, the Haitian voodoo could not be compared with the traditional African Voodoo because syncretism weakened the practice. This was mainly because their Supreme Being was worshipped through secondary divinities that emerged from nature and the ancestors. The Orishas served as the lesser deities in the form of Catholic Saints. On the plantation each clan or family has a specialized priests or priestess (sorcerer or soceress) who used various herbs, poisons, and ritual charms and amulets intended to protect one’s …show more content…
Desmangle argues that the relationship between Haitian voodoo and Roman Catholicism was “symbiosis” because the spatial juxtaposition and blending of the religious traditions from Africa and America coexist without replacing one another”. (Murrell, 2010, p.72). There are evidence to show that none of the religions actually changed but instead one had to compromised, leading to both religions being syncretic. Syncretism was shown through the Vodou pantheon, liturgy and chromolithographs. The African war God Ogun was highly venerated by Haitian voodoo as he guarded the sacred altar of the voodoo temple. The Ogun loa include several gods who are generally regarded as brothers. Ogun Ferraille is syncretized by Saint James, while Ogun Balandjo, a deity who gives “remedies” to cure the sick, is identified with Saint Joseph because the picture of this saint shows him holding a child, his hand raised in the blessing which
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To the point, the masters was clueless to what was happening in the plantation as supposed to religious gatherings. The slaves would use church as way to plan their escape route. Only thing was that some slaves got caught in the act and had to pay the consequences. The consequences resulted in abuse or even homicides. The slaves lived in discomfort for their slavery years under the maters but they had ways to underestimate the master.
Allen Dwight Callahan’s The Talking Book: African Americans and the Bible connects biblical stories and images to the politics, music and, religion, the book shows how important the Bible is to black culture. African Americans first came to know the Bible because of slavery and at that time the religious groups would read it to them instead of teaching them by letting them encounter it for themselves. Later the Bibles stories became the source of spirituals and songs, and after the Civil War motivation for learning to read. Allen Callahan traces the Bible culture that developed during and following enslavement. He identifies the most important biblical images for African Americans, Exile, Exodus, Ethiopia, and Emmanuel and discusses their recurrence and the relationship they have with African Americans and African American culture.
10,000 Haitian immigrants flood Louisiana in 1809-1810 and bring their ancient African religion & Voodoo Their arrival marked the beginning of “organized Voodoo” in Louisiana. It gave a “pure” Voodoo stream as the Haitian blacks had retained their ancient worship almost completely.11 And they appeared to have strengthened the ranks of Afro-Creole spiritual practitioners by merging seamlessly into the already existing Louisiana Voodoo traditions.12 They also may have contributed to the fact that Haiti and Louisiana share the term “Vodou” (regardless of how it is spelled) as the defining term for their Africa-derived syncretistic traditions with French Catholicism.13 Interestingly, like the parallel Pentecostals, many of these Haitians were “snake worshippers” and devotees of Voodoo.14
Africa Before European Domination DBQ Before the 15th and 16th centuries, when the Europeans arrived, Africans developed several advanced civilizations. For instance during the early 300s, kingdoms, empires, and cities in East Africa arose and declined. More specifically, in West Africa, 3 empires: Ghana, Mali, and Songhai took control of the gold and salt trade. Cities on the east coast gained power and wealth through trade as well.
The ships would go to Africa from Europe to pick up the African slaves, they would sail to America to sell the slaves and make them work on the cotton, sugar and tobacco fields. The ships would then take the cotton, sugar and tobacco back to Europe and then start again. The Europeans were quite barbaric as they branded the African slaves with an iron to show ownership. In either a scramble or auction, the slaves were sold like animals. There was no equality.
Instead he began to propagate the belief that sharing religion with the slaves would “lay them under stronger obligations to perform the greatest diligence and fidelity”. Though a number of protestant religions moved throughout at the time the Baptist church eventually took ahold of the south to become the most practiced religion. Frey discusses briefly the African culture that made some influence on the lifestyle of the African slaves. Most of the African cultural practices were bogged down or destroyed by the slave owners and American society.
Throughout time diverse regions have considered other societies to be barbaric, causing them to have the desire of “civilizing” them. Many individuals accept the rule of a higher and civilized region as they believe that their alterations will benefit them. Although, by enabling a higher power to acquire authority in another foreign nation, will diminish that regions culture and individuals will not truly possess respect, ultimately causing them to rebel against that foreign power after they comprehend their true nature. Likewise, after the Berlin Conference, which set certain rules for the partition of Africa, numerous European powers desired in colonizing Africa and obtaining control during the early 1800s, which was known as the Scramble
Slavery: Effective on Slaves and Slaveholders In Frederick Douglass’s autobiography Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Douglass recounts his life in slavery to reveal to his readers the horrors of the American slave system. To effectively inform his readers of the corrupt system, he publicizes the slaveholders’ hypocritical practice of Christianity. Although he himself is a Christian, Douglass’s narrative is a scathing commentary on the ironic role of Christian religion in the Southern slaveholding culture. Throughout his book, the author expresses and exemplifies his perspective on religion by illustrating the falseness and hypocrisy of the Southern people. To start off, Frederick Douglass suggests that the Southern people’s religion is false and insincere.
The slaves in South Carolina wanted to follow their own religion, which was Christianity, and the Spanish had offered freedom to any slave who came St. Augustine which included the freedom of religion. The “Account of the Negroe Insurrection in South Carolina” (Document 6) tells us that “Sometime since there was a Proclamation published at Augustine, in which the King of Spain promised Protection and Freedom to all Negroes Slaves that would resort thither.” The slaves would try to escape from South Carolina and go to St. Augustine. The King of Kongo, Don Alvarez, had converted the Kongolese to Christianity. Don Alvarez was not interested in Christianity itself, but the power that came with it.
Although many readers tend to blame the missionaries for the disastrous end to the Umuofian society, Chinua Achebe, the author of Things Fall Apart, suggests that the real culprit is the clash of customs between both the Africans and Europeans because of the Africans unwillingness to change their customs, the Christian’s feelings of superiority, and the inclusivity of Christianity. The loss of culture signifies the lack of unique views, values, and a sense of belonging. The differing customs of the Africans and Europeans were important factors to the destruction of the Umuofian society due to the Christians disdain for the African’s religion. For example, the Europeans believe they "have to put an end to the awful misery” (Source A).
During the time when Douglass wrote this book, there were several myths which were used to justify slavery. The slaveholder during his time justified this inhuman practice using different arguments. The first argument they used was the religion. From the narrative, Douglass says that slaveholders called themselves Christians which was the dominant religion by then.
Africans who were already enslaved saw conversion to Christianity as a road to freedom, and many others who were not already enslaved believed conversion would protect them from becoming
¥ The Haitian Revolution (1791–1804), alluded frequently as "a world-authentic procedure in its own privilege," was a slave revolt that occurred in what was then the French state of Saint-Domingue. It finished with the disposal of subjugation and the establishing of the Republic of Haiti. The Haitian Revolution is comprehensively known as the main slave uprising that prompted the establishing of an American state free from subjection and ruled by non-whites and previous captives. With the expanding number of ¥ Haitian Revolutionary Studies in the most recent couple of decades, it has turned out to be clear that the occasion was a vital turning point in the histories of the Atlantic World. The legacy of the Revolution was that it tested long-held
Religion and its relationship to slavery is a contradictive subject, whether it was forced upon slaves or was a form of hope and freedom is still commonly debated about to this day. However, these individuals were devoted Christians in the abolitionist movement who all