Booth Jr. In the book Booth begins by stating how contrary to Islam and the tribal religions being viewed as traditional to Africa, Christianity is considered as a religion that was imported from Europe to Africa. Christianity initially did not have a strong influence to the South of the Sahara until the beginning of the protestant missionary era. Later on in the centuries to come there were chaplains who had ministered to Africans, but they were later on forbidden when it became apparent that the conversion of Africans hindered the slave trade. Once the British realized the detrimental effects of the slave trade a ubiquitous effort began on the behalf Africa.
The project involves discovering how the Caribbean culture flourished as a subculture during the 1700 to1800, and was influenced by the Spanish, French and British traditions. The goal is to show that the black popular subculture culture continued to develop with the art, music, and literature of the dominant European groups in spite of the slave’s inferior status and unequal treatment, especially after the emancipation of slavery in 1838. By examining the work of Francis Bebey, African Music: A People's Art, and the Roots of Calypso by George D. Maharaj, it becomes clear that the extemporizing rhythmic arrangement, songs, distinctive drum styles, and a process of call and response format for the people developed into a symbol of freedom and
In addition, “Hoodoo which refers to an African traditional folk magic and Obeah derived from Central and West African origins,”(Tucker). Voodoo is a mix between African beliefs along with Roman Catholic rituals/practices. In the 1600s Europeans came to Africa to look for slaves to work in the New World. Voodoo rituals are very intricate as people
For instance, North America and West Africa shared some of their traditional religious beliefs. These beliefs included spirits inhabiting the natural world and a single creator god. The belief in spirits, or polytheism, and a supreme creator god would fuel cultural conflicts with monotheistic traditions like Christianity and Islam. Although it has to be noted that that North American religion did not only believe in spirits and a creator god but that the religions also reflected the tribe’s lifestyle and priorities. For example, the Green Corn Ritual practiced along the Mississippi reflected the agricultural societies present.
“Because colonialism was seen as unjust, oppressive and repressive, Christianity was as well perceived as an ally or collaborator in a system of unwarranted economic, cultural and political exploitation”. Christianity was involved with the abominable trade in Africans as slaves. The evangelists claimed to be spreading the message of God, but by engaging in the practice known as the African slave trade, their commitment to the word of God can be questioned on every level. Many chiefs were wary of the Europeans and saw them as potential rivals to their authority. Some took the opportunity to show resourcefulness and the evangelists were allowed entrance into the Tswana communities.
Name: Quetta Daniel Subject: Caribbean History School: Nevis Sixth Form College Candidate Number: Topic: The main methods in which the enslaved Africans in the British Caribbean was able to survive slavery. Table of contents Acknowledgements Introduction Slavery is a condition in which persons were owned by others, who controlled the way in which they lived and worked. Africans were captured and were forced to work on plantations in the Caribbean. The owners were white while the Africans were black. (Browne & Carter , 2013) To justify enslavement, the blacks were treated differently to the whites.
EFFECTS OF SLAVE TRADE ON CHRISTIAN MISSION, A CASE STUDY OF YORUBA LAND/BADAGRY INTRODUCTION The history of introducing Christianity into West African coast is tied to other developments which affect the West African people either negatively or positively. The same people who came with the gospel came in with other things including slave trade, which have effects on the West Africans especially the Yoruba tribe. While differentiating between slavery and slave trade, Janneh opines that the term slavery and Slave Trade are often confused with each other though there are differences between them. Slavery had been in existence before the slave trade introduced by the European. To a European, a slave was regarded as the personal property of his
To be commended are also some anthropologists such as Mercel, Griaule, Victor Turner, Edward E. Evans-Pritchard and others. Going back to JS Bolaji Intogou and E Mbiti, as Christians, sought to deny the alleged inferiority of African missionary religion and even argue that traditional religions are the foundation upon which Christianity was entrenched in Africa. For these theologians, the Africans had known God before the missionaries came. Refusing to swallow Western arrogance, Mbiti made clear, the missionaries who brought the Gospel in Africa over the past 2 centuries did not bring God in our continent. Instead, they were God led.
For these misunderstandings obeah has been outlawed in many Caribbean countries. Obeah is a term that is used to encompass many beliefs and rituals dealing with people having supernatural powers that are used to cause harm to other people. Obeah first originated in the seventeenth century during the slave era in the Caribbean. During the slave era obeah was used as a healing mechanism for the slaves on the plantation. These practices were misinterpreted and considered evil by the whit slave masters on the plantation.
Following from Taylor, a lot of studies worked on assumptions, after he had branded and formulated a class of African religious beliefs, beginning with animism and then progressive to ancestor worship, polytheism, and finally monotheism. When the missionaries arrived, the move was already strong opposed to ATR. At home, in Europe, and North America, opinions were fixed, so that missionaries arrived in Africa with their minds set against a religion which was perceived as satanic and vain. ATR had no chance proving its legitimacy. When colonial governments were established in Africa, they worked with the understanding that ATR was