The Importance Of Exercise Science In Sports

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Exercise science is the scientific study of human movement performed to maintain or improve physical fitness by executing physical activity according to the respective routine. Exercise science includes such aspects as biomechanics, sport nutrition, cardiovascular fitness, resistance training, exercise psychology, motor behaviour and fitness for special population groups. Physical activity is any body movement that works our muscles and requires more energy than resting. Walking, running, dancing, swimming, yoga, and gardening are a few examples of physical activity. According to the Department of Health and Human Services ' 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, physical activity generally refers to movement that enhances health.…show more content…
Physical activity is good for many parts of our body. Sport competition is a contest held to determine the best athletes and teams and greatest achievements in sports, to improve athletic skills, and to popularize physical culture and sports. Sports competitions provide an opportunity to evaluate objectively the sports organizations, coaches, athletes, and officials. Depending on the purposes and circumstances of the events, sports competitions may involve individual competition, team competition, or a combination of the two. Official competitions for the title of champion, a cup, or other prize are distinguished from qualifying competitions, which determine the eligibility of participants for the main event, and exhibition matches, including traditional competitions. A sport competition may be conducted as a round robin, that is, a contest in which all participants compete against one another once or several times and the points won by each entrant are totaled. It may be conducted on the basis of elimination, by which losers are disqualified, or as a combination of the round robin and the elimination…show more content…
It responds to acute challenges of the body while the important considerations are disease conditions and sport performance. Muscular system provides movement with muscle fiber as the primary content. Three types of muscles are skeletal, cardiac and smooth. Skeletal system function as the structural framework of the body, protects underlying organs and tissues, provides a lever system for movements and serves as a storage area for minerals. The primary components are minerals and cells bone while osteoporosis is a serious disease condition. Cardiovascular system function transporting oxygen, nutrients, hormones, electrolytes, and drugs also removing waste products from the body. The primary components are heart, blood vessels, and blood. Worst cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death. Pulmonary system functions to move air into and out of the lungs and regulation of acid-base balance. The primary component is lung and this system is the important factor during exercise due to ability to exhale carbon dioxide and regulate blood pH levels. Urinary system functions as the elimination of waste products and regulation of fluid volume, electrolyte composition, and pH. Kidney is the primary component. Hypertension can be influenced by increasing the amount of fluid removed by the kidneys. Digestive system functions to transfer of nutrients and water from the food we consume into the body. The primary component is gastrointestinal

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