In this case, human rights law is responsibility by governments to act in certain ways. Government can promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms in individuals or groups.Their fundamental assumption is a moral and rational being who deserves to be treated with dignity. The content of human rights are universal. People should respect the common standard of human rights. Those common standard are represent in the country people need to respect the standard human rights.
Introduction Human rights are understood as rights which belong to an individual as a consequence of being human and for no other reason. Hence human rights are the rights people are entitled to simply because they are human beings, irrespective of their citizenship, nationality, race, ethnicity, language, gender, sexuality, or abilities; human rights become enforceable when they are codified as Conventions, Covenants, or Treaties, or as they become recognized as Customary International Law. No one needs to possess a qualification in order to enjoy their human rights. It is important that one exercise their human rights otherwise they would feel like their “rights” are being infringed upon. Human rights are mandated to protect citizens and to ensure that all citizens are catered for.
Human rights were initiated for the protection of the basic civil and political liberties in the general public. In the United Kingdom the Human Rights Act of 1998 came into force in October 2000. The aim of the HRA in the UK was to provide further legal effect to the basic rights and freedoms contained in the European Convention of Human Rights. The rights contained in the HRA not only affect essential matters of life and death, but also issues that occur in people 's daily life. Considering the broad range of basic rights covered, it is not astonishing that the HRA is viewed as one of the most significant segments of legislation ever passed in the UK.
However, the law is the law, and when disobeyed whether unjust or just, consequences will be determined “by the code of the law”. However, human rights must be acknowledged when superiors make laws, and if they are not these laws must be revised, removed and/or
Part two: Human Rights Human rights The office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights provides a concise, yet conclusive definition of what are human rights, as being: rights inherent to all human beings, whatever their nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language, or any other status. Everyone is equally entitled to their human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible. It then adds that Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law, general principles and other sources of international law. International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act
In 1988, the Human Rights Act was passed. It protects all of us, young and old, rich and poor. In the Human Rights Act it protects the right to liberty and freedom. In this it says, ”You have the right to be free and the State can only imprison you with very good
The Human Rights Act 1998 ‘The Human Rights Act 1998 is integrated and implemented into UK in 2000’. It confirms the responsibility of the public servants such as police, hospitals, public schools, and so on to complete all the public functions within the set parameters. ‘These parameters or code of behavior promises the security of social rights and essential individualities of the people’. Further, this act guarantees the everybody has right to practice public services and ‘they should have right to be treated equally with much needed dignity regardless whether they are young or old, rich or poor, progenies or elderly, male or female’. ‘The rights, the Human Rights Act 1998 protects are, right and defend to life, the prevention of inhuman behavior, servitude and force labor, liberty and self-determination, non-discriminatory hearing, confidentiality and matrimonial matters, thoughts, religion, conviction, discrimination,
Human rights are the rights that everyone has equally by virtue of their humanity. It is grounded in an appeal to our human nature. Christian Bay defined human rights as any claims that ought to have legal and moral protection to make sure that basic needs will be met. Christian Bay sees Human rights as those minimum rights which every individual must have against the state or other public authority by virtue of his being a member of the human family. Raphael sees human rights in a general sense denote the rights of humans.
Some rights are provided in legislation which are acts passed by the Commonwealth Parliament at a national level or by state or territory parliament the state level and in common law. In terms of article 26 of the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights, it is stated that
Since we live in a time where power in the state level is the current paradigm such that the highest form of independent governance is in the nation- state (Jacobs, 2013), nation- based human rights laws have a stronger claim since they have a well- defined and accepted source. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights can be identified as an international legal foundation of human rights, with the United Nations being the body or committee in charge of its implementation (Mutua, 2001). The difference however is that it is subject to the signing of states, meaning that its institution as law is not automatically binding to signatories of the UN unless affirmed by its national leaders (Mutua, 2011). The key to