The Milgram experiment was conducted to analyze obedience to authority figures. The experiment was conducted on men from varying ages and varying levels of education. The participants were told that they would be teaching other participants to memorize a pair of words. They believed that this was an experiment that was being conducted to measure the effect that punishment has on learning, because of this they were told they had to electric shock the learner every time that they answered a question wrong. The experiment then sought out to measure with what willingness the participants obeyed the authority figure, even when they were instructed to commit actions which they seemed uncomfortable with.
Despite the many theories about the purpose of the Holocaust, the real purpose make those who weren’t members of the Master Race fear the Nazi Regime, to force them to obey the Nazi’s without question. Many believe that the Nazis were the cause and started World War II. These people believe that the Nazis are to be held responsible for the holocaust
The party felt as though inflicting pain will make the victim regain obedient.‘Exactly. By making him suffer. Obedience is not enough. Unless he is suffering, how can you be sure that he is obeying your will and not his own? Power is in inflicting pain and humiliation.”(336) This quote relates to present time because this theory supports why police officers today assault victims.
The ill treatment innocent civilians and even prisoners far exceed those within their rights as a human. Torture and death have been ways to garner fear within those they hold power. Despite this, efforts to curb abuse have been carried by the governments and they “pledged to start a new program to eliminate torture” (Ahmed). There is a hope that human rights abuses will improve over time but it is up to the people and governments to take the stand against the
Some have argued that drug offenders deserve to be severely punished, as it was their choice to get involved with drugs. They believe strict punishments would not only dissuade people that want to get into the business of drugs, but also discipline current drug offenders. It’s completely understandable why someone might think this way. They have learned that when someone commits a crime, that person will be punished to discourage the same offense from taking place again. For the most part, this is how it has been done for centuries, and it has seemed to work for all these years.
There are a number of practical arguments made for the death penalty. Because the death penalty is such a powerful construct, many argue that it decreases crime rates through deterrence. While many believe that the death penalty is more of a deterrent than a lengthy prison sentence, the very concept of ‘deterrence’ is argued by many as inapplicable to criminal psychology, especially if mental illness is involved. Criminals rarely think about the consequences of their actions and this is especially true with crimes of passion. By killing felons, the death penalty removes the burden of housing them within the penitentiary system.
He connected with the audience by keeping them engaged. He was influential not only with his public speaking, but with propaganda. Hitler created propaganda that would influence the citizens of Germany to think that the Jews were inferior. Another way he used his influential attribute was by violence. When a fire started in the Reichstag building, Hitler used it as a way to start series of terrorist acts against politicians he considered enemies (“Hitler, Adolf”).
The Trials That Changed History “The Nuremberg Trial of German war criminals was tactically based on recognition of the principle: criminal actions cannot be excused if committed on government orders; conscience supersedes the authority of the law of the state. -Albert Einstein”. During World War II, many Nazis committed horrible crimes, including murder and human experiments. While the war was going on, they were not punished, and were not even recognized for their crimes. However, The Nuremberg Trials in Germany, punished many Nazis for their crimes, and proved that evil will be punished.
Through his interaction with her, we can see how Katniss is paranoid about trust by thinking “how a kind Peeta Mellark is far more dangerous than an unkind one because she can be manipulated”(pg. 49) in addition to how, “for there to be betrayal, there would have been trust first.”(pg.114) because of Peeta being wanted to be trained separately for the interview after all their training together before the Hunger Games which shows the reader how difficult it is for Katniss to trust other people. Another way in how Peeta helps the reader understand Katniss’s emotions is when he plays up the romance with her during the Hunger Games and through these acts, the reader can see how Katniss feels about love thinking about how “she does not want to loose the boy with the bread”(pg.297) and after the games, how “she has not even begun to separate her feelings about Peeta because it is complicated”(pg.358) due to Peeta actually being in love with Katniss while she only played up the romance to survive the Hunger Games which shows Katniss’s complications with love to the reader. Through Peeta’s acts during the Hunger Games, the reader can understand Katniss’s lack of trust when she feels in danger and her own problems with really falling in love with
One ethical issue was deception; Milgram made his subjects believe that they were really shocking the ‘learner,’ when the ‘learner’ was actually a confederate of the experimenter. Milgram conducted an interview afterwards to evaluate the effect of deception, 83.7% of participants said that they were “glad to be in the experiment” (McLeod, "The Milgram Experiment”). Their eagerness to participate in an experiment in which they were asked to harm another individual indicates that these participants may have obeyed orders regardless of if there was an authority figure within the room or not. Furthermore, the experiment was designed to put the participants in a great amount of stress (McLeod, "The Milgram Experiment”). Researchers have found that stress can alter one’s decision-making process, causing them to focus on the positives (money the participants gain) rather than the negatives of the experiment (the harm that may be caused to the ‘learner’) ("Stress Changes How”).
After reading the issues about marriage licences and the Stanley Milgram video, I decided to address the Stanley Milgram experiment video, since it was the most shocking/interesting for me. The Stanley Milgram experiment was created to researching how far someone would go in obeying an instruction if it involved harming another person. He was interested in how naturally normal people could be influenced into committing cruelties to another innocent person. He got this idea from how cruel and evil the Germans were in World War II. Milgram would try to force someone to go against their basic morals.
Arguably, one of the most well-known experiments regarding the tendency of humans to inflict harm upon strangers under orders from perceived authority figures is Stanley Milgram’s electric shock experiments in 1963 (Smith, Aquino, Koleva & Graham, 2014). The experiment was based on the Nuremberg Trials, wherein the Nazi soldiers on trial claimed that they were only following orders, and as such implied a lesser role in their crimes during the Holocaust. While there are many factors that influence injustice against a people, in this paper, the role of moral exclusion will be examined in detail in order to ascertain how those excluded from powerful groups by virtue of their lineage and race could then be subjected to significant harm, and perhaps
Power can be extremely corruptive. When a person is given a certain amount of power they start to feel like they can do anything they’d like with it, and many tend to abuse of it. Zimbardo talks about how people are most likely to do “evil” when they are given power without the responsibility of the damage it will make. During an experiment, one person was chosen to be a teacher and the other a student, the teacher had to shock the student when they’d get the answer wrong and reward them if correct. During this experiment the more wrong answers, the shock would increase.