Pip loves Estella for her beauty, but also because he sees in her a representative of a higher kind of life that he started to dream of. Thus, she becomes a symbol for his great expectations for the future, the great achievement and dream that will guide him, mixing his social ambitions with his love for her. Estella treats him with contempt. She calls him stupid, clumsy, “laboring-boy with coarse hands”, influencing Pip to develop a sense of inferiority. “Pip’s sense of inferiority urges him towards self-improvement “(Sara Dehghanzadeh Sahi).
He starves himself, he learns love, he thinks of suicide… Fortunately, he meets a ferryman, who becomes his best friend also his “teacher”, and helps him find the ultimate way to achieve enlightenment. Siddhartha abandons his relationships, money, and education which bring him happiness, and in the twenty first century, these still bring happiness as the essential steps to take. Relationship makes Siddhartha’s life more meaningful and significant. Kamala, the woman Siddhartha likes, makes a change of Siddhartha’s life, and she has an influence on him, just like it claims in the book: “But still he returned to the lovely Kamala, learned the art of love, practiced the cult of pleasure, where more than anywhere else giving and taking became one, chatted with her, learned from her gave her advice, took her advice”(59). Siddhartha plays with people around him, and the matters of business, but eventually he returns to Kamala, his lover and also his teacher.
Armand may be seen as hypocritical here because “ He has treated his slaves with violence and cruelty based on the color of their skin, and now he must face the fact that he is part African American himself” (“Irony in Desiree’s Baby”…1). This plot twist is somewhat beautiful in a tragic way because it leaves the readers in shock and the antagonist is in complete dismay. Armand could of had a beautiful life with a loving family but he chose to let lineage destroy their future. Desiree loved him madly but as soon as he thought she was part African American he got rid of her. The greatest part of this
Dorian Gray is consider as a beauty in this story. A man who are young, wealthy and having beautiful physical appearance. He is someone who is easily influenced by other. This is shown when Lord Henry Wotton way of thinking and words bring impact into his life. He is turned from a naive Dorian Gray to someone who are cruel and mean.
“Every portrait that is painted with feeling is a portrait of the artist, not of the sitter” - Oscar Wilde. In other words, a quote from Oscar Wilde details his stance on art, a reflection he equates to his own work. For example, The Picture of Dorian Gray written by Oscar Wilde details the story of Dorian Gray, the one in question, undergoes the influence and corruption by his acquaintance Lord Henry which in turn leads to his eventual undoing. The novel details of a mystified painting created by one of Dorian’s closest friends Basil Hallward which encapsulates the grandeur of Dorian onto a portrait. Finally, the tale progresses the portrait mimics the change in Dorian 's character and deterioration from the inside as he retains his youth on the outside witnessing the consequences of his newly adopted hedonistic lifestyle.
The researcher decides Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray and Fitzgerald’s The Beautiful and Damned to be the objects of the study on inferiority and superiority complex causing hedonistic lifestyle in main character. The first reason, both of literary works cover the changing of each life of the main character, society and ultimately the individual. Second, they both share the same social background of the main character in The Picture of Dorian Gray, Dorian, displays a well-respected young man. He doesn’t recognize his own beauty until he sees it reflected in Basil’s portrait, and, once he does, it’s all too late. While Anthony in The Beautiful and Damned is illustrates reaching pleasure as the lifestyle and it becomes a habit.
And what sort of life do these people, who pose as being moral, lead themselves? My dear fellow, you forget that we are in the native land of the hypocrite.” (Simion, 56) Therefore, this is where the New Hedonism appears after Lord Harry presents his case about his views of philosophy, about what he reckons to be the motivation and highest values of life in its beauty and youth. Consequently, this makes Dorian Gray ponder on pleasure and the satisfaction youth brings, thus ruining him. New Hedonism is embraced by the young Dorian who is childish and easily persuaded by Lord Harry “the private pursuit of aesthetic bliss can produce cruelty” (Rorty,
Duplicity is also evident in the author’s own life, especially in regards to his private life, sexuality, and subsequent imprisonment for sodomy. On the surface, much like the characters in The Importance of Being Earnest, Wilde was respectable. His father was a surgeon, he attended Oxford University, and eventually married and had two kids. However, he also made no attempt at hiding the homosexual relationship he had with the young poet Lord Alfred, which, at the time, was not only considered to be morally reprehensible, but illegal as well (Norton 1720-1721). In this way, Wilde calling out those who live a double life while he, in a sense, was living one of his own, is also hypocritical.
A youthful, special personality lies in the heart of a man that inspires a painter’s best work. This nature is intricate, kind, pure, and a wonderful focus for portraits and paintings alike. In The Picture of Dorian Gray, a close friend tragically robs this youth and leads the man to a life that terminates because of evil. Dorian Gray, the corrupt man of interest in Oscar Wilde’s novel , has a complex personality, giving him many different companions in the story. Fatefully, he meets the artist Basil at a party due to Basil’s interest in Dorian’s striking and mysterious identity.
He is also depicted as being “wonderfully handsome, with his finely-curved scarlet lips, his frank blue eyes, his crisp gold hair” (Wilde, 17) and holding a boyish innocence “unspotted from the [modern] world” (Wilde, 17), which draws Lord Henry’s attention. Indeed, Dorian detains a “candour of youth, […] as well as [a] passionate purity” (Wilde, 17) that will become Lord Henry’s blank canvas. From Hallward’s point of view, Dorian represents a rare being who still carries the qualities of ancient worlds and the innocence of a child who is still protected from modern society and the influence of, what Wilde calls, “Public Opinion” (Wilde, Soul 40). But this protection falls as soon as Dorian meets Lord Henry, who by no means keeps his opinion to himself. Before Lord Henry told him, Dorian was not aware of the values of his youth and beauty.