When looking at the distinction between yourself and a police officer look at what differences stand between you. Which one of you has more power? As pioneering scholar Jim Fyfe (1988) argues, “The police are the only American public servant authorized routinely to make quick, unilateral, irreversible decisions that are likely to result in the death of other Americans.” As shown in The President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, Task Force Report: The Police (Katzenbach et al., 1967) the use of firearms by police in instances to apprehend or arrest subjects is an extremely delicate matter that should be handled with caution. Task Force Report (Katzenbach et al., 1967)) outlines the cases in which deadly force …show more content…
In such cases, it is immaterial whether the attacker has committed a serious felony, a misdemeanor, or any crime at all” (Katzenbach et al., 1967). Although this appears to be a sound example of a good policy set forth in the report, it is too opened ended and appears to go against other detailed guidelines that the report states, such as the outlines that specifically say when a weapon can and cannot be used. As we know, many times the usage of a firearm is unwarranted by police (Katzenbach et al., 1967) therefore, can the idea stated above, which outlines that police are supposed to make a choice about what kind of force they should make, undoubtedly in the heat of moment, truly offer protection if we know that the decision often made is unwarranted? Through the Report’s guideline no one can be safe because of the variation and differing degrees of safety that it …show more content…
As the New York Times article (Williams, 2016) highlighted, “anti- black disparity persists”. Perhaps the way some officials are trained, by being taught that every interaction is life or death, paired with implicit bias is why community relations continue to be estranged. The officers that are intended to protect citizens repeatedly enter situations in a way that suggests every interaction will lead to a standoff between citizens and an officer; as we can see, officers typically enter situations with minority individuals in this manner more so than whites. We are waging an individual’s life on what officers “believe” to be true during the heat of the moment, despite knowing the fact that when individuals are overcome by fear their perception of chaos and peril heightens (Neuhauser, 2016). In a video done by the Close Quarter Defense (Neuhauser, 2016), officers that participated in an attack simulation couldn’t accurately recall the actions they displayed during the simulation and were startled to realize the situation they had originally perceived to be dangerous was not as dire as they had remembered. They had acted using militaristic ideas, yet in this instance, the practice was unwarranted much like it is in real circumstances. Also, the presence of stereotype threat plays a role in why
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According a study conducted by Chaney and Robertson, American’s attitudes about police officers have changed dramatically in the past ten years. Their study, which appeared in The Journal of African American Studies, suggests that instead of feeling safe and protected by police, many citizens actually feel animosity towards police officers, and are mistrustful and suspicious towards them (Chaney and Robertson 480). This situation seems almost impossible to rectify, especially since law enforcement is given the authority and the privilege to use force not only by the law, but also by society. In order to allow law enforcement officers this power, the public must completely trust those who are protecting them, and must believe that police are using force responsibly and ethically. People naturally assume that the police are well-trained to use force appropriately and fairly without prejudices.
Police officers would often have to make quick and objective judgements to minimize casualties and losses. In 2015, more than a thousand young black men were killed by the U.S. police force--11 of which were unarmed(alternet.org). The flaw with the system is how limited the word “reasonable” means as it is always the one(police) who has power that defines the word. In most academy, police goes through trainings with regards to handling those dilemmas, but the final decision would always lies among the officer’s experiences and/or knowledges with similar cases, showing evidence of
The controversial debate regarding the excessive use of force that has at many times been implemented is becoming more and more frequent in the news. With the help of the following articles, What we didn’t know before the James Forcillo Trial by Wendy Gillis, Toronto cop James Forcillo granted bail in fatal TTC shooting by City News, Sammy Yatim Streetcar Shooting: Toronto Police Investigation Leaves Unanswered Questions by, The Huffington Post, Toronto cops convicted and accused of bad behavior may hurt public trust: critics by, Mark Carcasole and Why James Forcillo was charged with murder in the Yatim shooting by CBC News, I am going to prove my point. It is never okay for a police officer to shoot to kill. They are supposed to shoot,
The case of Michael Brown, Samuel DuBose, and Laquan McDonald, are all examples of what we see today in the world of officer vs civilian. Not just any race civilian but those of color predominantly known as African Americans. The events we have witnessed over and over again “ I thought he had a gun” “I feared for my life” always pointing a finger to someone who didn 't even have a criminal record. The story of having to defend oneself, is a well known excuse throughout many brutality cases. Officers fail to notice that, the citizens can tell the difference from defense and cruelty.
The type of weapon in officer chooses to used is an important factor in an officer's decision to use deadly force. To a police officer, deadly force is deadly force, whether the subject is wielding a knife, an ax, a gun or even a baseball bat. All of these have the potential to take a life or cause severe bodily harm. To be justified in using deadly force, officers must be able to articulate that the perpetrator had the apparent ability, opportunity and reasonably perceived intent to commit an act likely to cause death or great bodily
Over the past couple of years, police use of deadly force has become a highlight in mainstream media. This topic has gathered so much attention, that it is now a highly controversial issue. The guidelines for the use of deadly force are very strict, yet are vague and entirely based on the situation in which police officers are dealing with. These guidelines place different restrictions on police officers depending on what type of suspect they are pursuing or attempting to arrest. There is also the moral and ethical viewpoints and standards to take into account with the use of deadly force.
When it comes to the topic of police reform, many agree that our country is long overdue for it, however the questions is how exactly do we, as a nation, go about changing one of the most rigid power structures that exist in the country. While some believe that reform must come from within the individually flawed police departments, others argue that the entire criminal justice system needs an overhaul. An analysis of Ta-Nehisi Coates essay “The Myth of Police Reform” reveals that the complex issues of police shootings of minors (especially African Americans) and how difficult it may be to change these problems. In “The Myth of Police Reform” the author exemplifies the use of logos, ethos and pathos therefore making the argument effective.
In some cases, police officers exert excessive force on individuals. The amount of force should be necessary for the situation. For example, a police officer should not use a weapon because a civilian will not obey an initial command. In the article, When Does Force Become Excessive?,
Nevertheless, they also added that the willingness to shoot a firearm by a peace officer to another person, or a vehicle in which another person is thought to be in, is also known as deadly force. When defining use of force they suggested police contact which involved the following: using weapons, equipment, tools, devices, animals to hurt someone or cause injury to another; any physical maneuver to another person’s body, any physical maneuver which causes pain or injury to someone else, and any constrain applied to someone else which may cause an injury. Summary: When defining use of deadly force, both departments cited the Minnesota statute 609.066. However, their use of force definition was some what difference.
For example, descriptions of black citizens ' mistreatment by the police are abundant in some African-American communities. Regardless of their accuracy, the dissemination of these narratives increases the likelihood that neighborhood residents will come to view local policing strategies as racially biased (Weitzer, 2002). Feagin 's (1991) examination of racial discrimination highlights the importance of understanding the impact of accumulated discriminatory experiences. One of the most reliable findings in research on attitudes toward police is that citizen distrust is more widespread among African-Americans than whites. Residents of disadvantaged communities have a considerable risk of experiencing direct and indirect contact with police
One common opinion is that officers should not use more force than is necessary or reasonable, and even then, that force should be used only as a last resort. “Police use force to affect civilians’ conduct. On a day-to-day basis, they do so most often by employing the least degree of force available to them, their mere presence. Cops wear uniforms and drive distinctly marked cars so that, without saying a word, they may have an effect on citizens’ behavior” (Fyfe, 38). When an officer’s presence fails to fulfill the desired conduct, the next course of action for said officer would be verbalization.
The topic for this research proposal project is on community policing, and the factors that are involved in determining if relationships between law enforcement and citizens in these neighborhoods are strained. In order to be successful, community policing must be built on trust, as both civilians and law enforcement must work hand in hand to protect their communities. If there is a lack of trust, then these programs becomes broken, and can therefore lead to other violence and criminal acts. This research proposal project will focus on minority based communities and citizens, where the majority of the citizens are either African American or Hispanic.
For decades now, the controversy over deadly force has continued to show up in the news when police officers have acted in a manner that some citizens find just while others deem completely unfair. Many lawsuits stemming from shootings and crimes have found their way to local courts or the Supreme Court to deal with this issue. A portion of the U.S. population finds deadly force unnecessary when non-lethal weapons such as pepper spray or batons just as easily subdue the criminal. In addition, these citizens argue that officers might be liable for cases filed against them if they use excess force on people that seem suspicious but have not actually committed a crime. On the other hand, the opposing argument in favor of deadly force states that
The public has a misconception that deadly force is the same thing as excessive force. They can be similar if the police use deadly force to a point where every officer discharges their entire magazine on person when the threat has been eliminated. Officers receive hours of training on how to shoot a gun, but sometime receive little instruction on how to determine when to use the gun. Training starts in the Police Academy, and continues throughout their careers. There are officers who teach and train the departments every month.
38 ). Section 25, part one in the CCC addresses how law enforcement officer are mandated and entitled to enforce the law, doing so they have to act justifiably and responsibly (Martins, 2016, p. 38). Section 25, part three in the CCC outlines how officers are to deadly or lethal force; this type of force is only mandated in situations where the law enforcement officer believes lethal force is necessary in order to safeguard one self or an other individual (Martins, 2016, p. 38-39). In conclusion, enforcement officials are mandated to use force in certain situations to regain control. What society fails to see is that officers can also be brought before the courts if they did not act on reasonable grounds and use “excessive force” (Martins, 2016, p. 43).