Introduction The overarching attempt of this paper is to understand how racism and injustice in policing toward racially marginalized individuals is the result of socially constructed and implicit bias. In order to grasp how bias is a social construction that places marginalized members as victims of law enforcement, rather than as individuals that are given the protection they need, one must understand some key concepts to properly formulate how race is intertwined with negative or positive bias. Police are given powers that operate on the basis of personal discretion, so the reader must ask how we can trust a law enforcement system that trusts specific individuals to not hold biased beliefs; particularly since every individual has some sort
I argue that racial police brutality is unfair because it is a inferior reason for a cop to target a person of different color or culture. People should not be judged for being different. We shouldn’t judge people for who they are on the outside but how they are on the inside. We should support organizations like Black Lives Matter because police brutality takes innocent lives without
Community values are an important factor as they affect styles of policing. Every community has different values which alter the way police approach preventing and addressing crime. Some neighborhoods might not want police presence as they feel as if their neighborhood might seem as if its high in criminal activity. Other communities might feel safe seeing patrol vehicles passing through routinely. There is also neighborhoods that might need more aggressive order maintenance as they have higher crime rates.
American Journal of Political Science. Hurwitz and Peffley write on how stereotypes about African Americans have an effect on people’s attitudes towards crime and policy. The authors discuss the link on race and crime and how the media has a lot to do with it. This work will be helpful to my research because of the stereotype linking blacks to crime. It will support my thesis on how race is spread throughout
It is a direct correlation with Agnew’s General Strain Theory, thus neighborhoods that experience less strain will fare better. So if the neighboring community experiences less strain, has better community support (police response, community involvement such as churches and youth organizations) are reasons that neighboring communities experience differing impacts of street
The relations from the problem-oriented policing model requires police departments to analyze the crime problems of the community. The final analyze leads the effective methods into the crime problems then the final aspect is to evaluate the outcome of their efforts. Community relations provides a strong resource in the problem-oriented policing application. Resources from the application then provide police officers methods to change the underlying reasons why high crime areas become recurring crime situations. It requires both the community as well as the police departments to form a strong relationship to evaluate the past crime methods than considering the best course of action to create different methods to combat crime in the community, (“Problem-Oriented Policing,”
“Profiling has taken a turn for the worst” Race shouldn’t be what moves police to believe that one group is more crime driven than another. And it shouldn’t be an argument that racial profiling by law enforcement is a real issue because it is and it must be dealt with now or never or this problem with continue into the future and most likely get worse over time. Over the course of my research I’ve found two key points that make my argument valid. Point one being that police are moved to police in there ways because of past Jim Crow laws. Point two is based on statistical facts about how many different races get stopped or frisked by police on average.
Police Program Performance Measurement (PPPm) is an accurate ideology that measures the performance of various police departments. This structure measures the crime management operation and how well a department confronts social contention. It serves to measure segments of the community and criminal justice system, and operates administratively. The structure is designed to provide police management and city officials with a thorough evaluation of the tasks that is expected of the police department to perform. The system is sometimes accredited as a police system; it is also applicable to law enforcement functions performed by sheriffs.
This article was written by Cody Ross and published in the Social Forum journal, a peer reviewed journal. It is reliable as it has already been peer reviewed and cites many other sources throughout it. In the article, it says that there is a racial disparity in police violence against white people and black people. It attempts to support how black people are unfairly the victims of police brutality as compared to white people. It brings up statistics as to how unarmed black people are much more likely to be shot than unarmed white people are when it comes to dealing with the police.
One cause of the problem of police brutality is the police officers themselves. Some police officers have been known to put their prejudice in front of their responsibility to protect and serve. Some people use force in direct response to perceived threats from racial or economic groups that they view as threatening (“Police”). Another possible explanation could be explained with psychology. Personality disorders, personal problems, post-job related trauma or simply officers being young and inexperienced, can all explain why police brutality happens (Gilio-Whitaker).
The initial phase of this thesis was shaped by research objectives and questions regarding the underrepresentation of Asian-Americans in U.S. law enforcement; challenges of recruiting Asian-Americans; and methods to dispel common barriers among the Asian community. The recommended methods proposed in this thesis are approaches to attract and identify prospective Asian-American police applicants. Relevant findings within the literature indicate the importance of police-community interactions, which could build trusting relationships and emphasize the honorable and exciting aspects of law enforcement. Law enforcement agencies across the U.S. have utilized the philosophy of community policing not only to solve crimes, but also to promote racial diversity in police agencies. The literature addresses several challenges and common barriers faced by police departments when attempting to recruit qualified Asian-American
For example, descriptions of black citizens ' mistreatment by the police are abundant in some African-American communities. Regardless of their accuracy, the dissemination of these narratives increases the likelihood that neighborhood residents will come to view local policing strategies as racially biased (Weitzer, 2002). Feagin 's (1991) examination of racial discrimination highlights the importance of understanding the impact of accumulated discriminatory experiences. One of the most reliable findings in research on attitudes toward police is that citizen distrust is more widespread among African-Americans than whites. Residents of disadvantaged communities have a considerable risk of experiencing direct and indirect contact with police
The relationship of neighborhoods with their police can be dependent on the socioeconomic status of the community in which they reside. However, police misconduct has been responsible for raising crime rates in community crime policing in spite of their socioeconomic statuses (Weitzer & Tuch,
Racial profiling can occur when law officials use race to as a basis to suspicion in non-specific investigations. Creating a profile about the different kinds of minorities who commit certain types of crimes may lead officers to focus more on a particular group and act according to the general stereotype rather than particular behavior. An example of racial profiling could be the use of race to regulate which pedestrians to search for illegal goods or the use of race to regulate which drivers to stop for traffic violations, stopping mostly black or brown colored minorities. Stopping black drivers, just to see what law enforcement might discover, has become so frequent in some places that it has it’s own name: driving while black.
The city of Memphis is in need of a program that will reduce the amount of gang violence present within the community. The City Council is having a difficult time proposing a program without the essential expertise, that’s where I come in. The intervening variables of the program must be revealed in order to propose a program that will be both effective and beneficiary. By understanding the variables that could possibly have a positive or negative affect on a program and its participants will result in a higher probability of success.