Madi Hellwege Imperialism in India After 90 years under imperial rule, India gained its independence from the British in 1947. How could they be under this rule for so long? In 1707, the Mughal Dynasty, the ruling power in India, started to collapse. The East India Company, a British company, took advantage of this opportunity and became the leading power in India.
Despite the fact that British rule in India during the Imperial period was extremely negative for the Indian people, it ultimately created an improved Indian nation. The British forced the idea of monoculture, were racist, created unfair trade and economic distress. However, they did provide an education system, improved human rights, promoted peace and created a more modern society for the Indian nation.
In addition, British allowed Indians to practice their religion. But they did some stuff that was against their religious beliefs. British created an army that was called Sepoy rebellion which was a native troop. They trained this troop to use their weapons and equipment to be ready for a fight. Soon this troop became larger and the British became more powerful to take over more parts of India. Enfield rifle was a gun and its cartridges made of beef and pig fat to be bitten off before using it. This gun was made in Britain and they wanted Sepoy rebellion to use it. Cows are sacred for Indians and pig is unclean for Muslims so they didn’t want to use this gun. The British knew these stuff but they didn’t care. If somebody refused to use it they went to jail. It was disrespecting and destroying Indians believes and culture (Cleary).
In the mid 1860’s, Great Britain’s attitude towards her colonies was changed. Opinions were divided that the Colonies were an advantage to the Great Britain. Some politicians wanted to keep the colonies because it could profit them for having fur and materials. But some wanted them to be independent so they could pay for their own government and defence.
Throughout 1750 to 1950 many societies fell under the control of the imperialistic societies. Several of the societies that fell under the control of empires were terribly effected by the extreme expectations and lived in terrible poverty and fear. Many of the original natives that lived in the lands suffered after their land was conquered.
Imperialism In the 19th and 20th centuries, various powerful nations sent colonizers to dominate weaker nations and expand their influence. This domination is called imperialism, which is still practiced today in moderation. Among the many countries shaped by imperialism were India and China. These two large countries were both colonized by the British who were one of the greatest imperialistic powers at that time.
According to alphahistory.com “Imperialism is a system where a powerful nation controls and exploits one or more colonies”. Toward the end of the 1800s, several imperial powers existed. The British empire was the largest. Both France and Britain had many colonies in Africa and Asia.
Great Britain colonized the new world for economic, social, and political purposes. In doing so, the British founded the thirteen colonies under the crown of the king, Jamestown, Virginia being the first. The British forms a self-government that makes the colonies a republic because the people of the colonies vote for a person to represent them. With the British, creating a self-government that changes as documents are written, signed, and released, conflict arose between Great Britain and the new world, and the British and the natives. Economic reasons that the British went to the new world are gold, social reasons are God, and political reasons are to break away from the crown.
The British North American colonies developed marvelously in self government, religious, economic and social ways of life from 1607 to 1763, and in doing so they laid the foundations for our world today. They weren’t always correct in their actions. As Sumner Redstone said ‘Success is not built on success. It 's built on failure. It 's built on frustration.
The many Imperial Policies placed on the colonists by England between 1763 and 1776 resulted in mass protest from the thirteen colonies. The colonists resisted the many Acts and Taxes placed on them by forming rebel groups and using many methods to try and undermine British authority. They also did not agree with England’s government and sought to create their own. An analysis of British Imperial Policies in the late 1700s reveals that they intensified colonial resistance to British rule and fortified their commitment to republican values.
Building an Empire becomes problematic when the colonizers know nothing about the territory being colonized. Britain began colonizing India in the 1700s, completely ignorant about the people of India and their cultural and religious beliefs. Ignorance comes from a lack of knowledge. This lack of knowledge can be by choice, like in this situation. Despite their ignorance, Englishmen still came into India with an arrogant attitude.
The Dutch grabbed rich territories in Asia to gain control over the profitable spice trade. They also set up colonies in South Africa and North America. The French acquired colonies too, including present day Canada, which was particularly valuable for it’s fur. The British in the 1600’s took over the Dutch territory in North America and in 1763 they took Canada from the French. Despite their loss of the 13 American colonies after the Revolutionary War in 1783, the British continued to acquire new territories.
The British first came to India not only because of the abundance of raw materials, but also the mass potential they seen. The British East India Company, took advantage of the collapsing Mughal Empire, and broke away from their control to flourished their company. In 1857 the Sepoy army rebelled and that caused the British to come in guns blazing and take over the country. The British rule demolished India through, taxation on anything made in India, and the exportation of raw materials, which caused a plentiful amount of famine,and throughout all of this, the British kept most on India uneducated, and those they did educate, most were forced to become interpreters for the benefits it would make in taking over India and keeping the British in control.
Soon after the arrival of an Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci in 1499, the Europeans quickly began making maps for their new project. They then began to send travelers to explore the new-found land. The British have had a monumental impact on our culture as we know it, in several ways. Most people would argue that the British were inhumane and forced their beliefs onto others, because they were known for claiming land and taking it as their own with no remorse. To some extent we can thank the British empire for showing what characteristics we do and do not want in the “New World”.