Drug addiction discriminates against no one. Drug addiction is often close to home. “Even people with no baseline genetic risk can become addicts if their environment is stressful.” Drug addiction is a complex problem that is often misunderstood and difficult to address due to the high illicit drug use. According to the 2012 Lancet Series on addiction it “estimates 200 million people world wide use illicit drugs each year.” With so many individuals using drugs, I believe drug addicts should not be sent to prison for punishment but instead a hospital to receive extensive treatment for their disorder. When individuals are sent to prison proper treatment can’t be obtained; drug abuse goes beyond physical and needs to be handled with proper treatment in a hospital.
The answer is obvious: crime. But why does the United States have such a higher rate of incarceration compared to other countries? According to an article done in TheEconomist.com, one of the biggest causes of incarceration is the harsh drug penalties. State legislatures began passing laws that meted out the mandatory-minimum sentences for drug-related crimes, but this still did not make that big of a difference. In fact, according to a chart done by Prospect.org, the majority (52%) of inmates in federal prison are there because of drug related victims.
Prison overcrowding is due to mandatory minimum sentences, three strikes laws, the war on drugs, and lack of rehabilitation programs. In addition, there is little evidence that the death penalty reduces crime than life in prison, and it costs more than to keep a prisoner for life. Mandatory Minimum Sentences The mandatory minimum sentences have greatly contributed to
Over the last 40 years, we have spent trillions of dollars on the failed and ineffective War on Drugs (Aclu). Drug use has not declined and drug markets are become more resilient to the mass incarceration of drug offenders. There is always another drug dealer standing by, ready to replace the one who has been sent to prison. Along with the War on Drugs, the changes in sentencing policies contributed to higher levels of incarceration at both the state and federal levels. Mandatory minimum sentences were established as the response to complaints from politicians and the public that offenders weren’t serving long enough terms for their convictions.
Drug Courts serve a small amount of the assessed 1.2 million drug dependent individuals presently included in the equity framework. To really break the cycle of drug addiction individuals and wrongdoing in America, we should put a Drug Court inside scope of each American criminal justice systems as needed. Qualified drug-addict dependent people might be sent to Drug Court in lieu of conventional sentencing or consequences due to their illegal drug use and addiction. Drug Courts keep people in
Prison overcrowding is due to mandatory minimum sentences, three strikes laws, the war on drugs, and lack of rehabilitation programs. In addition, there is little evidence that the death penalty reduces crime, and it costs more than to keep a prisoner for life. Mandatory Minimum Sentences The mandatory minimum sentences have greatly contributed to the prison overpopulation
(2013) and Hopkins Burke (2012). The article from the Huffington Post, titled “Let’s Stop Treating Mental Illness Like It’s a Crime”, discusses concerns with mentally ill persons not receiving proper treatment while incarcerated. Another problem noted is the inability of communities to meet the needs mentally ill individuals within them. The author contends that these factors initiate a cycle that turns jails and prisons into “de facto asylums” with the likely hood that those in need of care will return to jail. This is supported by statistics provided by an article from the Texas Tribune which stated that from a sample of 900 subjects who had been in and out of
As the democratic view adheres to the nation’s longstanding history of immigration, the Republican party does not believe immigrants should be granted the same rights as any american citizen. They believe that these illegal immigrants bring with them drugs and crime as well as take jobs that should be held by US citizens, calling for their mass deportation. With crime at its lowest in the last 25 years, both the democratic party and republican party seek to further this societal improvement. To them, the best method of controlling crime is to administer tougher punishments for those who commit violent crimes as well as leaving the death penalty as an option for the most heinous offences. The Democratic party believes we must also increase the number of cops on the streets, while Republicans wish to limit the amount of freed prisoners.
However instead of the government spending additional money on education or infrastructure it is covering rehabilitation health and crime related costs which are caused by 9.4% of the American population whom are illegally abusing illicit drugs (Ahmad 2004). The impairment of
Being tried according to their age is fairer. A lot of people believe that age should not be considered at all when the felony is extremely severe. Justice needs to be served and they need to pay for the crime they have committed, juvenile or not. According to the Time magazine article ‘What Makes Teens Tick’ Dr. Jay Giedd states that “The very last part of the brain to be pruned or shaped to its adult dimensions is the prefrontal cortex, home of the executive functions.” An adult brain is different than teens, because an adult brain is more developed. Adolescents lack the ability to make good decisions, be more organized, and the ability for good planning.
The shorter mandatory minimums have only been effective on drug offenders and no other offenses. After the sentencing commision was created the “Senators Dick Durbin (D–IL) and Mike Lee (R–UT) have introduced the Smarter Sentencing Act.” (Larkin and Bernick) This explains in detail that the sentences for drug offenders will be shortened. Likewise, The smarter sentencing act has lessened sentences on drug offences. Furthermore, This act has helped shrink the very large prison population by getting drug offenders out of the prison system faster. With this “Congress also decided to eliminate the courts’ discretion to exercise leniency in some instances by requiring courts to impose a mandatory minimum sentence for certain types of crimes.” (Larkin and Bernick) Uniquely, congress has tried to stop the discrimination in the jail system.