The lives of women in Iran have changed drastically in many aspects in which they have no choice but to obey these changes that have been imposed upon them. Pre-revolutionary Iran and post-revolutionary Iran in terms of the female population, are very different era's. These two era's are also known as the Pahlavi regime and the Islamic republic. The Shah of Iran's goal was to westernize Iran while still holding it's religious values to a lesser extent. The nation was predominantly Islamic but Pahlavi sought to look for a way to have a mixture of both westernization and keeping the nation
All of the Iranian adversaries banded together to bring down the rule of Reza Shah. The strength of all of the revolutionaries, including Marjane’s parents, easily matched the Shah. Essentially, the Shah and the Iranian people, such as the Satrapi family, had a negative relationship. Reza Shah was the successor of his father, and may have been even less popular with the Iranian people. Having a leadership style too unique for the Iranian’s taste, he quickly became very unpopular.
Thus, the exceptionality of the 1979 Iranian Revolution emphasizes the influence of religion and its role and contribution in revolutions and revolutionary ideology. The oppressed majority of Iranians, consist of mainly of Shiites, may well sympathize with Shariati’s form of Shiism which defined the religion as, “the struggle for justice against foreign rule, tyranny, feudalism, and exploitation (Brandis, 2009).” Also, the U.S.-Iranian relations went downhill after the revolution. In fact, Khomeini accused the U.S. of exploiting Iran’s resources. This exploitation from the west forced Iranians to take part in a revolution where many Iranians had to die and killed by the repressive Shah regime (Wise, 2011; Shadmehr,
Marjane Satrapi a young girl who lived during the revolution in Iran gives us a glimpse of her life in a comic. The Iranian Revolution of 1978-1979 is also called as the Islamic revolution.There are many things that one can compare the encyclopedia and historic information from what I have read from The Complete Persepolis. As well as the things that differ from the information and from the book. In 1978 it marked the beginning of many political and religious disturbance in Iran. The Iranian Revolution has a history of chaos in order to put power in the hands of the people.
After the Iranian Revolution, it became compulsory for women to wear the veil as the Islamic dress code and all women were removed from government positions, leading to increasing oppression and inequality in Iran. The use of black and white on the first page of the book creates a very clear image that a lot of people are unhappy with the new rules that are introduced by the government. The use of images shows us the oppression of freedom in a way that it would be hard to imagine with words. The first panel shows Marjane in a somber mood, crossing her arms to show her defensive thinking against the veil and the world. In the following panel, the girl’s expressions range from neutral to dislike or discomfort, which shows the general thoughts from people on how they think of the veil.
Iran has always had a legacy of challenging the existing the status quo, be it with regards to politics, society or culture. Iran waged a revolution against the modernising Pahlavi regime to establish a conservative clerical government under Khomeini. Iranians have projected various forms of resistance to the onslaught of colonialism. Hamid Dabashi says that without these forms of groundbreaking initiatives or resistance, Iranian subject would have been historically denied or colonially modulated (Dabashi 2001:213). These modes of resistance have given a historical agency to the Iranian subject.
Mahfouz, as well as Said, shared a direct contact with the Arabian lifestyle because they grow up in that society. Mahfouz’s novel depicts the real world with the touches of the supernatural and mystic, but as a form of evil in the world not as exotic and uncivilized as the Europeans did. Mahfouz’s Arabian Nights and Days “takes new depths and insights as it picks up from where the ancient story ends” (Fayez 229). Mahfouz uses the Arabian Nights tales and Shahryar’s and Scheherazade’s society to portray the contemporary social and political issues of his people. Mahfouz aims to show various thematic concerns of the people of the East than the early versions left out.
Another different aspect is the sexual characteristics roles in Iran; in Marjane Satrapi’s standpoint the audience perceives the transition mainly on women as it takes the reader into her outlook. The audience is presented with a black and white illustration which indicates sorrow or unhappiness. The main character is introduced to a political transformation as her female classmates are required to wear a veil which segregates the children by gender. The veil or hijab symbolizes the community and political variations that reformed the protagonist’s forthcoming. The student writer comprehends major vagaries to females however,
Later on the family watches on the television, the corrupt idea behind the women 's strict dress codes. The words, “Women’s hair emanates rays that excite men. That’s why women should cover their hair” (Satrapi 74). This statement shows how in Iran women are treated different and quietly wrong. This is also an epidemic around the world today that is highlighted in the book.