Women In the 1950s
The 1950s was a time of conformity in which women were given traditional gender roles such as taking care of their families and everyday household chores, however all of this started to change post World War II. Back in the day, there was a depiction of women that came with a specific image that had to be upheld. The Ideal Women maintained the integrity of being the perfect wife. They were always dressed in their very best, made sure the family always had a hot meal prepped and ready to eat, all while maintaining a clean and tidy household. During the 1950s both marriage and birthrates were booming. Woman were getting married at such a young age, which led them into giving birth and starting families at a much younger age than the average woman today. Since a woman’s first priority was considered to be her family, many of them never got the education they wanted or reached their specific career goals. A job barely even crossed their mind and some could not even fathom the idea. They were seen as having such a “full plate” dealing with the household chores and family, that no one thought they could have any time to spare doing anything else. A woman’s first and only priority back in the 1950s was to keep the house clean and tidy as well as taking care of their children. One of the many roles women faced in the 1950s was basically to provide for their husbands. This meant that they were to make sure that they had a warm delicious meal prepared for their
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During WWII to most men were drafted to join the military. This some what forced many women to take on the jobs most held by men at the time. When the Baby Boom happened, many Americans viewed this as a chance to get women back as household keepers. Many magazines at the time promoted sending women back to housewives. They would post articles like “Cooking To Me Is Poetry” and “Femininity Begins At Home”.
The context of the changing roles of women between the periods of 1890-1920 and 1960-1980 are voting rights and equal pay in the workplace. Women's roles have changed a lot over the many years women have gone from being housewives to working in the factories. The roles of women changed from 1890-1920 to 1960-1980 and one of the big changes from 1890 to 1980 is women's voting rights because women couldn't vote in 1890 but they could in 1980. Another one is women in the workforce because in 1890 women were expected to provide for their homes and not work but by 1980 most women worked.
The breadwinner-homemaker family, the norm since the dawn of the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, is being replaced by a new norm of diversity” (Schulte). Family life in the 1950s is one of the most looked back upon generations, because it was so closely following the second World War, and was the beginning of the Baby Boomer generation. Because a lot of the soldiers were returning from the war to their wives to have children, the
Gender roles were reasserted in 1950s America postwar. Even if there was an increase in divorce rates popular culture and mythology upheld hetronormative marriage as a key to spiritual, financial and spiritual success. In the 1950s, the term “containment” referred to the foreign policy-driven containment of communism and atomic proliferation. In Homeward Bound: American Families in the Cold War Era (1988)
The 1960s saw more and more women entering the workforce (moreso than in the 1920s), changing the dynamic within families. With more working mothers, fathers were called upon to play a more integral role in the function of the household (Potter, n.d.). In 1960, birth control was legalized (Potter, n.d.), giving women even more control over their family structure and lifestyle they chose to
Roles of men and women in my cultural group were very much set back in the earlier 1900’s. Men were the head of the household, they went to work, made the money, and supported the house. The women took care of all the household duties including, cleaning, cooking, and taking care of the children. Women did not go out and work if they were married. Before they married they could work to help provide income for the household, but once they found a husband they could not longer have a job.
In the 1950’s, church attendance was at its peak, everyone was rushing to get back to their homes, marry their high school sweethearts, move out to the suburbs, and have children. Somewhere in this mix women as individuals were forgotten again. During the war they were given freedoms and luxuries that today people may scoff at but at the time seemed important. The church played an important role in insuring that women went back to their lives and worked to idealize women into believing that their former roles is all they could play nay all they ever wanted in life. The Jewish people have a prayer that is a clear symbol of the historical treatment of women it thanks God for not making them a women.
During the 1960s the Women’s movement began to build progress, giving women higher status. Women were encouraged to be more confident and independent within their working and living environments. As a result, divorce rates increased, because “when women no longer depend on men for status and income, they are less likely to stay in unsatisfying marriages” (Clarke-Stewart and Brentano 10). This movement is just one cause that affected societal change. During the era, everything in the United States was being questioned, from personal values, to marriage and even other institutions.
Materialism started to gleam over their previous value of hard work and savings. By the end of the nineteen fifties, just about every home had a television. The typical American family was defined by the male being the main provider and the woman taken care of "domestic" responsibilities. Gender roles were hardy and intact, but feminist, Betty Friedan believed there wasn 't a difference in biology that made them physically weaker. Though, not many other women challenged this stereotype society placed on them, despite the fact the employment of women was
In the 21st century, women must have a career and job to support a family compared to the 1950’s when women had the choice to be a stay at home mother or have a career. Spigel states, “Like Donna Reed, who sacrificed her nursing career for life with Dr. Alex Stone […]” (Spigel 224) the author is indicating that most women during the 1950’s decided to be a homemaker because that was what society expected of them. Television emphasized and valued the role of the ideal wife and a homemaker. Furthermore, TV shows like The Donna Reed Show illustrated wives to be marginal at home and central to the economy. Haralovich states, “In her value to the economy, the homemaker was at once central and marginal” (Haralovich 70).
Since the beginning of time women have had different roles than men. Women have been the ones to take care of the family in the home and men have been the ones to take care of the financial needs. In the 20’s women began to realize that they were worth more than a housewife and began to change their roles. Women had to fight for their rights to change roles, leading up to events that show their determination for suffrage, and their right to work and be whomever they wanted to be. Women were not given their roles and a question asked is, “Why did they have to fight for them?”
Research Paper Draft: How have women's roles changed from 1940s to 2000s? Katrina Bauers When Hitler invaded Poland from the west, France and Britain declared war on Germany and began World War Two. America entered the war when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. The United States instituted the Selective Training and Service act of 1940 which required all men between the ages of 21 and 45 to register for the draft.
Women in the 1930’s had much different lives and expectations than today. Due to the depression many people had to change their lives to support their families and that includes women. After the feminist movement of the 1920s, due to the depression, women were forced to return to their previous lives as submissive housewives although many were required to earn an income by getting a job. There were many stereotypes surrounding women that affected the way they lived. Women were believed to be the civilizing force, taking care of the children and home, and that society could not survive without them (Moran).
Raisin in the Sun: Gender Roles Defied Following the event of World War Two, America during the 1950s was an era of economic prosperity. Male soldiers had just returned home from war to see America “at the summit of the world”(Churchill). Many Americans were confident that the future held nothing other than peace and prosperity, so they decided to start families. However, the 1950s was also a time of radical changes. Because most of the men in the family had departed to fight in the war, women were left at home to do the housework.