Research Paper Draft: How have women's roles changed from 1940s to 2000s? Katrina Bauers When Hitler invaded Poland from the west, France and Britain declared war on Germany and began World War Two. America entered the war when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. The United States instituted the Selective Training and Service act of 1940 which required all men between the ages of 21 and 45 to register for the draft. This meant men had to go into service and leave their home life. This opened up many opportunities for women and sparked the change in women's roles. Women's roles have changed throughout the century including, work, society views, education opportunities, equality, and politics. During the 1940s, World War Two took …show more content…
More females than ever before are entering the workforce and this increased women's opinions regarding equality in the workforce. The basic goals of American women were equal pay for equal work, an end to domestic violence and sexual harassment, and sharing responsibilities for housework and child rearing. This sparked the feminism movement. Women wanted equal pay, but their pay was 60% of the male rate.(Kenneth T. Walsh, March 12 2010) The equal pay act was finally acknowledged and gave equal pay for men and women who worked the same jobs. This was a major achieve for women in work. Another goal of women was domestic violence and sexual harassment. Media showed that the only way a woman is happy was if they had beauty. It spread the idea that women's only importance is their body. Women protested the Miss America beauty pageant in order to get their opinions out. This gained them national attention towards their problems. A major setback women experienced was men realizing that women were trying to take over their workplaces. Many employers would tell women that a position was not available and then a man would come and get hired, even if the women was more qualified.(Vintee Sawhney, unicorn.edu) The case Bowe vs. Colgate-Palmolive rules that “ women meeting the physical requirements could work in many jobs that had been for men only”( National Women’s History Project). The 1960s was a decade of change on the women image. …show more content…
First off, due to the feminism movement that started in the 1960s, women's roles changed dramatically. The feminist movement gained a large audience and you start to see change in equality in this decade. Women begin to stand together in what they believe in. They want to change the traditional image of women and the image of gender roles. There was no one character role of what women should act like in the 70s. They just wanted to gain their own independence and stand up for what they believed in. Because of the feminist movement sweeping the country, the Equal Rights amendment gained a lot of support.(Henry Piatek, September 2011)) Almost 100,000 demonstrators marched in Washington D.C in support of the Equal Rights Amendment. (archive.mprnews.org) “The Equal Rights Amendment was passed in 1972 by both houses of Congress and President Richard Nixon and was sent off to be ratified into law by states.”. ( Ryan Bergeron, August 17, 2015)The Equal Rights Amendment only needed five more states to ratify it by March 1979 in order to get three-fourths approval. (Ryan Bergeron, August 17, 2015) The Equal Rights Amendment stated that “ equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by and States on account of sex.”(Ryan Bergeron, August 17, 2015) A lot of other important events took place in the 70s regarding women's gender roles. In 1972, Gloria Steinem published the first
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Significant changes for women took place in politics, at home, the workplace, and in education. Women began to do the same work as men. They worked in the field, factories, played sports etc. Today, women have equal rights as men as well as the freedom to do things as they want.
First, the men joined the military. Thirty-eight percent were volunteers and sixty-one were drafted. (BY THE NUMBERS: THE US MILITARY). Since the men where away at war, women were allowed to move into the job field. Although, many people objected and thought that they should on be at home with the children.
Women played an important roles during World War II throughout the world; they gave their time, energy, and some even gave their lives. The War also transformed women's roles in the workplace and society, but for many, it did not last forever. Many had to do work that men did before the war. However, most of the works needed professional and outstanding skills. Nearly 350,000 American women served in uniform, volunteering for numerous reserves and corps.
This was another hit in the ballpark for women after putting a reform in the way she should dress. They argued that “She is as fully entitled as man to vote and to be eligible in office.. she is entitled to a voice in fixing the amount of taxes” (Document F). Opportunities for women were mainly just nursing, domestic services, and teaching it was limited, with their increase in intelligence they deserved to have their voices heard. What the women strived for back then has helped our world today because both sexes can achieve whatever dream they want and work for it.
One of the biggest factors that caused the roles of women in the united States to change during the 1920’s was the work they did during World War I. While the men were serving overseas, the women stepped into the men’s jobs and made up the majority of the labor force at that time. This allowed women the chance to show that they can do some of the same jobs that men could do. After the war, the number of women in the workforce increased by twenty-five percent. This opened up more opportunities all over the country to earn their place in providing for their families. Another thing that changed for women, during the 1920’s was “flappers”.
The Effect of Women on the Outcome of World War Two World War II effected women tremendously by taking them out of their comfort zones and chucking them into the work force and pushing them to do most of the work men normally would have been doing. The war also effected women by providing opportunities for them to serve in non-traditional roles; in fact, some of them enlisted into the military to serve the United States. The way the war effected women is that they had to take care of family in addition to performing work normally done by men. It was difficult to find people to watch after kids which made life during this time very difficult. After the end of World War II society in general was effected considering the baby boom.
Fiona Walsh Dr. Campbell HIS 467 March 30, 2023 Role of Women Following WWII: What Polls Can Tell Us The effects of WWII brought about many drastic changes in American society, one of which being the role of women. As more and more men enlisted in the war, women began to play a larger role than ever as they filled jobs and stepped further out of the domestic sphere than ever before. Between 1940 and 1945, the female percentage of the workforce increased from 27% to nearly 37%, an unprecedented amount in American history.
In the 1960s the women's was restricted in nearly every sense. The women's supposed to follow one way of life. which it's to marry, to have a family and give her life to being a homemaker. The women's did not complain, but after while the household was becoming overwhelming with child care, spending hours of daily chores. The husbands did not give the wives no rights of knowing the family income or sharing the certain household.
The women of this movement were fighting for something they believed they deserve. Because of the Seneca Falls Convention and the Declaration of Sentiments and Resolution, women were able to express their own opinions. The women’s rights movement led to many different events, impacted other countries, and created a new amendment. The feminist efforts in the mid 1800s were successful enough to allow women to take on occupations and educations they weren’t able to obtain
Women, African Americans, and Japanese Americans were just a few of the social groups that were significantly impacted by World War II. Women: During World War II, women experienced a significant transformation in their roles and societal expectations. With millions of men enlisting in the armed forces, women were called upon to fill the vacancies in the workforce. The war provided opportunities for women to work in traditionally male-dominated industries, such as manufacturing, shipbuilding, and munitions production.
As mentioned before, many feel as though women still face discrimination in the workforce. However, it is no question that attitudes towards the feminist movement have become less critical overtime. In fact, 51% of men and 69% of women currently identify as feminists, according to the 2015 poll by YouGov. Many celebrities have pushed for women’s rights, which has contributed to its recent acceptance. Overall, there were several components to the rise of the women’s rights movement in the period 1940-1975.
Progress Of Women In The 1920 's and 30 's Back in the 1920 's women started becoming extremely significant in the society. Before then, women rarely found jobs that accumulated a high enough income to raise a family. However this act of sexism changed in the early years of the 1920 's, women began to get involved in male dominated jobs. This time it worked, women were finally getting their say in political issues and they eventually got the chance to speak up. The government realized the types of distress and discomfort women went through to keep a healthy lifestyle for their young ones.
The 1960s’ was when civil rights and feminist movements were occurring. American society was undergoing a major amount of social transformations. The courts felt women were needed more at home then in court. Women were allowed to be fired if they were pregnant.
I believe that despite all controversial views this event was a huge shift for social change and future breakthrough in this area. For the American feminist movement such impetus was the successful story of the suffrage movement during the First World War, including the adoption of the 19th Amendment. The history of women’s struggle for their rights is very long and sometimes seems endless. “The Age of Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution in the 18th and 19th centuries opened up job opportunities for women, released them from domestic confines and provided them with new social freedoms” (Repetto, 2010,
The last big change that any women had seen had been forty years before when women earned the right to vote. Birth control was going to lead the way for many more changes. Housewives finally got to see a change in their lifestyle and unmarried women were no longer considered to be the outcasts. Women were now able to enter the workforce but with limited job opportunities. However, in 1964, five months before Kisses for My President was released, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 allowed for more job opportunities and outlawed discrimination against race, color, sex, national origin, and religion.