In the Odyssey, there were many gods/goddess’ that affected Odysseus. Though there were some in particular that stood out. The Odyssey is a story about a hero named Odysseus, who must go through many challenges; just to get home to his wife. In this essay, it will talk about the three gods/goddess’ that affected Odysseus the most. Them being Hermes, Poseidon, and Athena.
The ancient Greeks believed very strongly in fate. One idea that they supported was that a person 's life and destiny was determined before they came to the world and that the future was inevitable. Moreover, "fortune tellers" called oracles were hired to tell a person 's future and predict their fate. The ancient Greeks did believe in an afterlife as well, known as Hades. After someone died, they were transported to the Underworld that was ruled by the god Hades. There were four possible options for a soul after the body 's death. Tartarus was the lowest part, and sometimes wasn 't even considered part of Hades. It was basically a dark hole to the center of the earth that was reserved for the absolutely terrible
Fate is the development of events beyond a person’s control, regarded as determined by a supernatural power. Destiny is the events that will necessarily happen to a particular person or thing in the future. These definitions connect because you can’t control them. In The Odyssey, Odysseus couldn’t control where he was going, or his actions, which you will find out more about as you continue reading.
The definition of a journey is extremely broad; it is simply to travel from one place to the next and consists of a start, a middle, and an end. A journey is able to be delightful or distressing; the possibilities are endless. Humans lives are one humongous journey. Furthermore, it is common for humans to write about these journeys and include them in literature. The Odyssey by Homer takes place after the Trojan War and tells the arduous and frustrating story of a demigod and his journey to return home. Correspondingly, The Long Walk by Slavomir Rawicz is about a group of people and their extensive journey to freedom, however this story takes place during World War II. Despite the difference in time period and setting, a common theme is found in these works. The
The complexities inherent with any mention of a higher being to explain any natural phenomenon goes against the principles of Ockham’s razor as a simplifying argument. Ockham’s razor is used successfully throughout history to simplify complex observable ideas. The unobservable, abstract ideas are not always as easily explained using Ockham’s razor. God is inherently a complex, abstract idea. For this reason, ontological argument, cosmological argument, and teleological arguments are immune from the ability to be over simplified using the application of Ockham’s
Greek Philosophy about Fate FATE Fate in different time of periods of mythology defines as there is prevailing power that is supernatural which predetermines the events of human life or even day of death also decided. Human being who have belief on God they believe on fate, which is unchangeable and should acceptable. "A man can surely do what he wills to do, but he cannot determine what we wills" Schopenhauer.(C.S Reddy The fate which is called by Greeks as Moira, is considered ruler of human destiny. It is their firm belief that it is most ferocious and frightening fact of the life that there is no escape from fate.
In Heroes, Gods, and Monsters of the Greek Myths by Bernard Evslin, Jealousy is a characteristic that all the gods have. They usually can't contain their jealousy and that leads them to do bad things, like killing or punishing people. One god is actually known for being full of envy, her name is Hera. Zeus is always having affairs and not being faithful to his wife, Hera. Because of Zeus’s infedelities, Hera always watches out for him and she can never stop being jealous. To get revenge on him, “she drugs his drink; they (the other gods) surrounded him as he slept and bound him with rawhide thongs.” Her jealousy caused her to punish her husband. She was right in doing so but it did backfire on her.
The Greek divinity is portrayed as a large influencing congregation that controls separate parts of daily life, nature, and future. Zeus is the overarching leader of all the gods and the god of the sky, Poseidon the god of the seas, Hades the god of the underworld, and Athena, daughter of Zeus and goddess of wisdom all contribute to the outcome of Odysseus’s travels. The Greek’s definition of gods, which is that of individual control of each element of Earth, evolved to that a singular god that does not have a daily influence, a god of one time creation. The Greek gods choose Odysseus from the beginning of his life and made the choices that caused the Odyssey and thus sparked the religious evolution to modern day Christianity and a distant god.
Mythologies, although depicted in different ways, are a part of every culture. Every mythology has stories of their heroes and how they came to be. Usually heroes come into this world unnaturally and strangely. Heroes have their tales of incredible quests they are sent on, like fighting horrific monsters and solving complex puzzles. Eventually heroes die, whether out of heroism or stupidity. These steps are all part of a literary guideline known as the hero’s journey. In the hero’s journey the heroes grow from abnormal infants to strong idols, and sometimes fail in the process. These stories show up in all mythologies including Greco-Roman, European, and Asian mythology.
Greek mythology can be viewed as a mirror to the ancient Greek civilization. Ancient Greek myths and legends often reflected how the Greeks saw themselves. Myths were used by Greeks to make justifications of every existing aspect of earth as well as their own society. In myths, Greek gods & heroes often represented key aspects of the human civilization. From Greek mythology, we can learn about the favorable characteristics of humans, such as their behavior and valuable skills that were approved of by the ancient Greek society. We can also learn about what was viewed as immoral or of little value. In addition, reviewing the Greek myths allows us to determine that the Greek society was generally a patriarchal society and agricultural and war were strong elements that shaped the ancient Greek society.
The Harpies were birds with the faces of women. They were the hounds of Zeus, and often took souls to the Underworld, torturing them on their journey. Harpies can also fly at the speed of sound. Thaumas and Electra are their parents. In one tale, Zeus gave King Phineus the gift of prophecy.
Fate goes all the way back to Greek mythology. When Zeus created the fates or the Moirai. The Moirai were the goddesses of fate who personified the inescapable destiny of man. They were three old sisters the youngest was Clotho who spun the “thread” of human fate, Lachesis the second sister determines the length of the thread, and then Atropos the oldest who cuts the thread when the proper time has come for death.
Fate is defined as “the universal principle or ultimate agency, by which the order of things is presumably prescribed; the decreed cause of events, or time.” It is one of the major topics, which occurs in the Iliad. Fate is shown in both actions and consequences like battling in the Trojan War, and the result of either surviving, or dying. Fate takes in the lives of the mortals in the Iliad in many ways. It is used in foreshadowing different scenarios as we read from one book to the next. It defines what is happening in transition from scene to scene, and it determines what is going to happen in the mortals as the book goes along. Fate takes in all the mortals’ lives through life and death, dramatic irony, and conflict through every character.