They believe that no matter what they do, they don’t have the power or ability to change the things or events that are going to happen since it was all fated. However, with agency in human, they believe that something will be bound to changes with their action. They believe they could do something to modify the ending to anything but the known-predicted ending. Sophocles has seamlessly engaged determinism into the book through making known that Apollo’s predictions will happen to Oedipus. To King Laius and Queen Jocasta, Apollo was the mighty one; his prediction is and will be the only truth to them.
The religious context of Oedipus Rex. Oedipus Rex is part of the three Theban plays set in the city of Thebes, in which the main character of the play is a king – Oedipus. By looking at the religious context of the play, we can better understand how religion influenced the play. Oedipus Rex was set in Ancient Greece and Ancient Greeks were said to have been very religious, they had a very strong belief in the cosmic order and the Greek Gods. The Ancient Greeks also strongly believed in fate, they believed that everyone’s fates were determined from birth and our fates were irreversible.
She then takes credit for his returning and says that she “planned” and “willed” his journey to be how it was (13.346,46). This directly contradicts the statement Zeus makes at the beginning of the epic. The king of the gods claims that the mortals “blame the gods” way too much for their miseries, which he blames on “their own reckless ways” (1.39,38,37). Athena, meanwhile, is saying that she “willed” everything for him (13.346). This contradicts Zeus saying the mortals are to blame, because she says that the gods are decide everything, so they are to blame.
Promising the young man, Neoptolemus, kleos. In ancient Greece, kleos was greatly valued, and people would rather die young with kleos, than to live a long, unidentified life. Although Neoptolemus knew that Odysseus’s plan was wrong. As he stated, “Son of Laertes, I find just listening to this sort of talk upsetting- and the thought of acting on it is repellent. I am not, and never been, the sort to cheat.” (Line 82-84), Neoptolemus tried
In Homeric description, the Fate acted independently from the gods and Zeus was the sole god who could control it. Zeus used to weigh human fates in his measuring scale, and when someone’s lot weighed down, he died according to the Fate. Moreover, Zeus had the authority to save the would-be victims from their imminent fate. Therefore, in Homeric description, Zeus appears as the guider and the apportioner of destiny. Still from another angle, this impersonal force could be interpreted simply as the will of the gods.
If we choose to attempt to try and understand this level of thought and change our perspective, like the prisoner who escaped, how can we know if we have found the ultimate reality? It seems as if Plato’s argument is saying that in order to understand this eternal world, you need to leave everything you have ever known behind in this reality. Abandoning this knowledge that we have spent our entire lives is supposedly the highest form of intelligence that a person can possibly comprehend. He calls this “the good.” It’s almost as if we have to be willing to sacrifice leaving the knowledge behind us. However, is almost unachievable because we don't know how to do so.
The myth has developed from a “pharmakos” that is finally reconciled with the tyrant-leader to a defiant rebellious spirit that sees the leader as an opposing force, never to be reconciled with. Prometheus points out to Zeus that he fears nothing. “The rebellious titan… belittles the god’s pitiably abstract majesty”, which is “the ultimate affirmation of self, and the ultimate self-image of the Storm ad Stress genius” (Saul 27-28). The poem highlights the defiance of a revolutionary spirit; in fact it represents “Spinoza’s atheism” (Awad. The Theme of Prometheus.
One of the main characters in the novel, Achilles, is looked up to by his peers as a fearless heroic warrior. When in modern day society, we would see him as a blood-thirsty lunatic. Achilles was not a hero, simply because he was selfish, distrustful, and he acted upon his own instinct without thought of the repercussions he would cause for those around him. The Iliad is a novel about the Trojan War. Previous to the war, three goddesses, Hera, Athena and Aphrodite are competing to see who is the best.
Fate is the predetermination of the events in one’s life by the gods in the way of Greek mythology. Mortals are subject to their fate and are left with no choice but to let it play out in their lives. The idea of challenging fate and the gods will is a recurring theme in greek mythology, such as in The Theban Plays, by Sophocles. Sophocles uses the main characters in The Theban Plays as key examples to the audience of people whose overzealous hubris and overwhelming curiosity inevitably lead them down the path of their misfortunate fate. Oedipus’s life is bombarded with challenging decisions that lead to the exposure of his few flaws that every human possesses.
In his political text Leviathan Thomas Hobbes describes a gruesome world where man has no sense of right and wrong and lives in a natural state of war. His actions are based primarily on passions, most notably the fear of death, and this fear colours every aspect of his life. Man, however, is a rational creature, and his possession of the faculty of reason also serves to shape his decisions and actions. This essay will explore the question, what effect does the interplay between passion and reason have on the creation of covenants and man’s obedience towards them? Hobbes states that man has the possibility of rising out of the state of nature “consisting partly in his passions, partly in his reasons;” (86) however, his entire argument relies much more heavily on the use of passion than the use of reason.