Honors English 8
Independent Research Essay
24 April 2023
The Korean War You have probably heard of the Vietnam War, between North Vietnam and South Vietnam, but you might not know of another war between north and south, and communism versus capitalism. That war would be the Korean War, which took place from 1950 to 1953 on the Korean peninsula, which is , surprisingly, not talked about all that often, despite it's importance, history, and effect. The Korean War was one of the many proxy wars between the U.S.S.R. and United States, and had many causes. Shortly after the defeat of Japan in World War 2, the Korean Peninsula was split along the 38th parallel, with the north, occupied by the U.S.S.R., becoming communist, and the …show more content…
Peace discussions began in July of 1951 between the Republic of Korea, the United States, and Russia. The representatives from these countries began talks in an office building near the 38th parallel. Peace talks dragged on, but Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union, died on March 5, 1953, causing peace talks to reach a conclusion quicker. On July 27, 1953, two days and 3 years after North Korea invaded, both sides came to a truce, with no conclusive winner in the war(Nye). The war had left both Koreas destroyed, with 2 million dead and cities destroyed, and neither side had promising futures ahead(Seth). The destructive Korean War had not ended up reuniting Korea, which meant all the fighting had not accomplished the ultimate goal of the war. It also left both Koreas in poor economic states, but South Korea’s economy was eventually brought under control and even prosper. The same could not be said for North Korea. To conclude, the end of the Korean War had done little to benefit either of the Koreas, and ended up harming them …show more content…
Eisenhower Library, “Korean War” Website Name, https://www.eisenhowerlibrary.gov/ research/online-documents/korean-war, Accessed 2 March 2023.
“Korean War-Causes, Timeline & Veterans” Website Name, https://www.history.com/topics/ asian-history/korean-war, Accessed 2 March 2023.
“The Korean War” Website Name, https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience
/features/bomb-korean-war/, Accessed 2 March 2023.
Matray, James, “The Korean War 101” Website Name, https://www.asianstudies.org/publications /eaa/archives/the-korean-war-101-causes-course-and-conclusion-of-the-conflict/, Accessed
3 March 2023.
Nye, Peter, “Korea and the Thirty-Eighth Parallel” Website Name, https://www.neh.gov/ article/korea-and-thirty-eighth-parallel, Accessed 3 March 2023
Seth, Michael, “An Unpromising Recovery: South Korea Lags Behind the North” Website Name, https://www.asianstudies.org/publications/eaa/archives/an-unpromising-recovery-south-kor eas-post-korean-war-economic-development-1953-1961/, Accessed 3 March
The Korean War was a proxy war fought between the United States and the USSR, for the purpose of gaining power and political influence in other parts of the world. Since the end of WWII, the USSR and the United States became very hostile against one another, creating what came to be called “The Cold War“ coined by Bernard Baruch in 1947 from the lack of there ever being direct battles against one another. From the result of the bitter and cold rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union came a large chain of indirect battling over political influence in developing or war-torn countries. As this feud occurred the people of the United States mainly wanted there to be a change in Korea out of this war [Doc E], but what was occurring
The Korean War Chart Somebody ... Wanted ... But ... So ... North Korea Wanted to make sure the Korean peninsula into a Communist nation United states and nation Stopped them The Chinese joined the war on the Korean side and pushed the united states and nation back to the 38th parallel line General MacArthur To win china over before they became communist with the soviet union Wasn’t allowed to be a general anymore and he was ordered to stay the 20 mile mark We stayed away from china for the most part and failed to get them to become democracy President Truman To stop soviet expansion , the war, and the spread of communsim Americans didn’t want to go to war The war ended in a statement China To stay in the “safe zone” that way there were no interruptions in their reconstruction They feared that the united states would break into china if the us and south Korean were allowed into war China planned a surprise attack and defeated American troops
Voices from the Korean War describes the background of the war and how events unfolded that brought America into a war that was never expected to last
Korea’s history already determined it was a weak country, having been a pawn for Far Eastern powers, so Cold War had left it nearly destroyed with epidemics, poverty, limited education, and authoritarian rulers (LaFeber, 2008). In this state, Korea was left vulnerable to communism. In 1945, the 38th parallel marked the ally agreement of disarming the occupying Japanese military, however by the end of the Korean War, it would be the indivisible line that divided the country between communism and democracy (LaFeber, 2008). In June 1950, when North Korean troops passed the 38th parallel, President Truman gave the order for American air and naval units to move into action to aid South Korea and to show the United States’ opponents that “the United States was no longer content with mere “containment” but now aimed for liberation (LaFeber, 2008, p. 114). LaFeber (2008) explains President Truman’s intent, “
Following WWII, in 1945, the division of Korea was initiated. The Soviet Union established a pro-communist government on the Northside of Korea and Americans created a pro-democratic government on the Southside of Korea. After the division, known as the 38th parallel, occurred, North Korea began to attack again. This attack consisted of both the South and North pushing each other farther from the 38th parallel until the Chinese troops drove them back to the 38th parallel. The United States and The Soviet Union knew the war was not going anywhere but still persisted to continue.
Bruce Cumings is a professor of history at the University of Chicago. A distinguished author who received the 2007 Kim Dae Jung Prize for Scholarly Contributions to Democracy, Human Rights and Peace; Cumings book, "The Korean War: A History," is dedicated to the memory of the South Korean president Kim Dae-Jung, who promoted a "sunshine policy" with the North. A historian with many books chronicling the Korean War, Cumings explains how a post-WWII America became involved in a Korean civil war that to this day is still unresolved. Cumings explains how the Truman administration, US military, and American public misunderstood, underestimated, and ignored the effects of Japan's decades long colonialism of Koreans.
‘Under the leadership of the U.S, the South Korean forces pushed the invaders past the originally established 38th parallel, to the Yalu River that bordered the People's Republic of China (P.R.C). After which, the P.R.C quickly counter attacked and, after 2 years of futile war at the 38th parallel, agreed to the original border.’ (Crash Course, 2013). These excerpts from this source represent the widely accepted reasoning behind the actions that transpired during the war and indicate further information about the events within it. Evidence from both Professor Lee and Crash Course reveal the causes of the Korean War and the reasons for its proxy of the Cold War status.
The impact of the Korean War had both complex short term and long term implications. There was no winner of the war, there were only positive or negative consequences of the war on all countries involved. Both North and South Korea suffered massively. Population decrease, economic and infrastructure were damaged. The war caused a huge loss of skilled workers, impacting the export quality and capacity long term.
The Korean War (1950-1953) and the Vietnam War (1955-1975) were two major military conflicts in which the United States became deeply involved. Both wars were significant in shaping American foreign policy and had profound impacts on the nation's political and social landscape. This essay explores the reasons behind the U.S. entry into these conflicts and examines their political and social consequences. Reasons for U.S. Entry into the Korean War: The Korean War erupted as a result of North Korea's invasion of South Korea, which threatened to spread communism across the region. The primary reason behind the U.S. intervention was the policy of containment, aimed at preventing the spread of communism.
Encircled by two other major conflicts, World War II and the Vietnam War, the Korean War is often lost to history despite the countless effects it had on various countries. After World War II when Japan surrendered, the Korean Peninsula was finally free from decades of Japanese imperialism; however in the years that followed, more conflict and increased tensions occurred that ultimately led to the start of the Korean War in June 1950, just five years after the end of World War II. While many overlook the impacts of the Korean War, it must be understood and enforced that the war truly did change the course of how many countries governed themselves and the relationships between countries. Not only did the war gain attention in Asia, but also from Western countries, specifically the United States. How did the United States’ involvement in the war most prominently affect both the United States and the Korean peninsula, and secondarily, should it
The war also had a significant impact on the international community, as it was seen as a proxy conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union during the early years of the Cold War. Overall, the Korean War was a brutal and devastating conflict that had a lasting impact on the countries and people involved. The Korean War brutalized states, societies, and individuals in a number of ways. At the state level, the war had a significant impact on the countries involved, particularly Korea. The conflict resulted in significant damage to infrastructure and the economy, and it contributed to a sense of political instability and unrest.
The Korean War lasted from 1950 to 1953 and was a pivotal moment in the Cold War's history since it marked a radically turning point, like the War between the United States and the Soviet Union. The conflict, which was the first immediate military involvement between the United States and the Soviet Union, had a significant effect on both world affairs and U.S. foreign policy. Before the Korean War, there were similarities and differences between the superpower tensions, notably the degree of direct military involvement and the focus of U.S. foreign policy. This essay will evaluate the degree to which the Korean War assembled a turning point in the Cold War conflict by contrasting and comparing the superpower tensions that had existed before
"North Korean History Offers Insight into the Current System." Wilson Center, 4 Sept. 2007, www.wilsoncenter.org/article/north-korean-history-offers-insight-the-current-system-0. Kim, Byung-Yeon. " The North Korean Economy in 2021 and 2022: Muddling Through with Few Options."
Nehru and other neutral states stressed on both sides to put an end to this conflict , But China surprised them with its second offensive in 1951 . The forces of the UN were thrown away from Seoul but later on they managed to recover it again. These fights and confrontations continued for more than two years between the two sides ( U.S supported by the UN and China supported by Soviet Union and Kim II-Sung), which caused a stalemate in the war and a lot of peace negotiations between the two