MORAL PERCEPTIONS Moral perception is a term used in ethics to denote the discernment of the morally salient qualities in particular situations. In order to understand this, we must understand what ethics is all about. Ethics, also known as moral philosophy is the branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. It talks about what the best way for living is. It teaches us what conduct is right and wrong and under what circumstances.
Morality, commonly defined as, “a system of rules, psychological states, and modes of character development which performs the function of enabling mutually beneficial social cooperation” (Luco 1). Morals arise in many ways. Some morals come through family and childhood upbringing while other morals are provided by the church. Some say that religion is inessential for morality. On the contrary, others provide that religion provides a foundation for moral growth.
In his famous work “The Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals” Kant tries to develop a moral philosophy which depends on fundamental concepts of reason and tries to show that while making moral choices we should use reason. Kant, as an Enlightenment philosopher, places all his confidence in reason. In the first chapter, we generally recognized that an action is moral if and only if it is performed for the sake of duty. Duty commands itself as imperative. There are two types of imperatives as hypothetical and categorical.
Hyejin Jang Professor Writing DED 8 April 2016. 4. 7. Kant’s ethics differs from utilitarian ethics both in its scope and in the precision with which it guides action. In The Categorical Imperative, Kant emphasizes that human autonomy is the essence of morality.
Kant emphasizes the role of the moral philosopher to reveal the ambiguity about what it is moral to be crystal clear, and humans are rational beings who should strive for moral maxims motivated by the good will. Furthermore, he argues that human don not need a moral philosopher to show which action is right, we already know what he calls the common human reason. Kant favours to endeavor to do the right actions over the good actions as his attempts to portray the ideal world or the moral utopia. Kantian Deontology theory and the Categorical Imperatives frameworks urge decision-makers to strive for beneficence as a mean to resolve the challenging ethical dilemmas they face, obligating the decision-maker to act ethically and morally motivated by duty. The categorical imperatives are impartial, autonomous, and strict by which tackle respecting others and their dignity, universalize the maxims of our actions, and targeting the Kingdom of
David continues, “He leads me in paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.” For his name’s sake symbolizes reputation. The Lord is known to be a good person, therefore He performs good work. He leads his people onto the right path in life. This asserts that God provides guidance. God guides his people on the right pathway.
So, it is stated in the Bible that He does make good of all, that does not mean he created the evil he allows to have some positive outcome. However, God will take a situation and mold it to either mature someone spiritually or use that person and their experience to help others towards salvation. Clearly, evil and strife come from free will, the intent and malice of man. Since man has the option and opportunity to decide and act upon what he wishes, consequences
To walk in the Spirit is another way of saying that believers must conduct their ethical lives in constant reference to the Spirit. To walk in the Spirit involves deliberate and personal attentiveness to the will of God as set out in Scripture and encoded in the law. “For that matter Paul’s talk of walking in the Spirit does not undermine the Jewish tradition but rather strengthens it. It deliberately provides an alternative understanding in the new covenant context of how the people of God ought to conduct themselves by living in partnership with the Spirit as the enabling resource for fulfilling the law (cf. 5:14).” “Just as ‘walking’ in the ways of God is what Jewish understanding of ethics is all about, so Paul regards the Spirit of God as the manifestation of God’s empowering presence, both in the life of the believing community and in the lives of individual believers, leading and guiding them in the paths of righteousness.” Believers must, however, not leave it all to the Spirit, neither should they do it all by themselves.
While Luther understood faith as the means of justification, he also understood the ground of justification to be nothing more than the grace and mercy of God shown to sinners because of the perfect life and work of Christ. He said it this