Thomas Jefferson was the third elected president of the United States. He believed violence and war was unjustifiable, foreign alliances should be avoided, and was a advocate that the constitution should be strictly interpreted. His beliefs and desire to make America a powerful nation contradicted each other during the Tripolitan war, the Louisiana Purchase, and the Embargo Act. Jefferson was challenged personally and philosophically. Before the Tripolitan War, Jefferson wanted the United States to set an example for the world by not using military forces and gaining friends by peaceful coercion. His principles were challenged and forced to be bent when the Barbary State pirates blackmailed and stole from merchant ships along Mediterranean. Federalists were forced to buy protection which in Jefferson's vision, he did not see war across the Atlantic or paying tribute to pirate states. Once Tripoli declared war with the United States due to lack of protection money, Jefferson had no other choice but to dispatch the Navy to the shores of Tripoli. Eventually, Jefferson …show more content…
Jefferson knew it was a good buy, in contrary, he would have to break his anti-alliances policy in order to defeat Napoleon and his army. He proposed to make an alliance with Britain against France to secure New Orleans. Once Louisiana was ceded by the United States by signing three treaties for $15 million, Thomas Jefferson the strict constructionist was conflicted. He did not want to break the constitution where it says the president is authorized to obtain treaties with a large expanse into the union. The expanse was filled with diverse inhabitants, he ensured that American experiment in democracy would be beneficial. Jefferson was shameful when submitting the treaty to the Senate and admitted the purchase was
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Jefferson’s election in 1800 marked the first peaceful transfer of power between political parties in U.S. history. This showed that the country could transition power without getting into violence or conflict. Jefferson believed in limited government and states rights, which means that he thought the federal government should have less power and the states should have more. Jefferson's purchase of the Louisiana land in 1803 doubled the size of the United States and expanded executive power by allowing the President to make large land purchases without approval from Congress.
Jefferson goes on to list all twenty eights reasons why the colonists are angry with the British government. He lists all twenty eight to really drive the point home that Parliament and the British monarchy have wronged them. One of the grievances listed, “He has plundered our seas, ravages our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. The parallel structure gives more emphasis to each thing that the king has supposedly done and presents it in a way that appears all the events are connected or possibly occurring at the same time. Jefferson uses diction such as “plunders” and “ravages” to make the king’s crimes seem worse than if Jefferson had just said stolen or taken.
Imagine bringing your family from Paris to New Orleans and expecting to reign over the majority of Louisiana. The same territory that was suppose to be France’s North American Empire. However, before you know it, the territory you expected to reign over is sold. This is exactly what happened to Pierre Clement de Laussat when Napoleon Bonaparte sold the territory to the United States. The sale was known as the Louisiana Purchase and it changed the world.
He even aimed and tried to establish a more perfect union by sending his men to fight off the Barbary pirates who were harassing the U.S commerce. ”He also sent a naval squadron to fight the Barbary pirates, who were harassing American commerce in the Mediterranean” (Frank Freidel). Purchasing the Louisiana Territory, displayed Jefferson expanding America into a better union. “At more than 820,000 square miles, the acquisition (which included lands extending between the Mississippi River and Rocky Mountains and the Gulf of Mexico to present-day Canada) effectively doubled the size of the United States” (History.com - Thomas Jefferson). The only thing Jefferson lacked was being fair to all, or establishing justice.
Jefferson, similar to most Americans was a country man, with the strong belief that the nation’s future was with the Democratic Republican farmers, not the Federalist bankers and merchants. “Those who labor in the earth,” he wrote, “are the chosen people of God, if ever He had a chosen people,” (http://mrkash.com/activities/hamiltonjefferson.html) Jefferson’s offer could not have come at a better time for Napoleon, who needed the money for a war effort against Great Britain. Yet he shot down Jefferson’s
Thus, President Washington sent an appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Jay to negotiate with them and signed Jay’s Treaty of 1794. Although this treaty accomplished little, it did improve the relationship between USA and Britain for a decade. When it came to President Jefferson, he decided to seize opportunities from the French. In 1802, Robert Livingston was appointed to negotiate with the purchase of New Orleans, which finally got an order of buying all of the Louisiana. After President Jefferson left the office, the congress of USA repealed the Embargo Act and used the Non-Intercourse Act as a
During his time of presidency one of his greatest achievements was the Louisiana purchase, but he faced a few problems with it. Thomas Jefferson was one of the earliest and most intense supporters of the cause of American independence from Great Britain. In 1768, he was elected into the house of burgesses, led by Patrick Henry and George Washington. Jefferson’s first major political work was “"A Summary View of the Rights of British America, “which established his reputation as one of the most articulate advocates of the American cause. However, the Congress's most significant work fell to Jefferson himself.
Thomas Jefferson during his time in office faced many challenges with the new country. One major challenge and one of the biggest accomplishments during his presidency was the Louisiana Purchase. This turned out to be a huge issue for Jefferson because of the ordeals and the way he wanted to run the government. This was a major conflict in interest for Jefferson because he was a strict constitutionalist and followed it word for word. In the end what he did was completely overstep his powers as president doing what he feared would happen by purchasing the Louisiana territory without any approval from congress for 15 million dollars.
My opinion on this purchase the plan for Jefferson was to try to stop the war that was happening with the French but it didn’t quite stop it that when the war of 1812 had all stated up again but it was not only to stop the war it was to stop slavery at that time which was a smart idea nobody needs to go through that kind of pain. So it his idea didn’t work as the way he want it to be. It was a good idea for him to purchase the land from the French but for him to not know what was out there when he bought it must have been frustrating for him to do. The turning point was when Lewis and Clark returned with all their information, prompting the start of Manifest Destiny and America’s movement west. The people that was involve in this purchase was Tomas Jefferson, Napoleon B, and Lewis and Clark.
During his presidency, he reduced the debt by $23 million. Many years before Jefferson became president, the Barbary states had sent pirates to attack and capture European and American ships, cargo, and sailors. They would then hold the crews for ransom and demanded large sums of money for safe passage. The US and European countries would routinely give into these demands because they knew it would cost less than war. Jefferson had opposed this from the beginning, so when he was president, he made it all change.
Jefferson wanted to stop the shipment of goods, war materials and other things during the time of Napoleonic Wars. Jefferson also hoped that the Embargo act would orevent any possible wars between the United States and other allied countries. The mbargo act was passed in the month of December in 1807 and it did, in fact, prevent all the possible wars. Others thought it was a father of the War
This, surprisingly, was a very good move as now the Americans could support the French commercially against their war with England and the Americans maintained their policy of neutrality and not having alliances. Interestingly, as Gordon Wood further explains, this treaty would have most probably won Adams his reelection had Thomas Jefferson not the presidency right before the treaty was signed (Wood
Jefferson was determined to approach each political obstacle sensibly, as demonstrated by the Tripolitan War, and truly believed that the future of the American society depended on the integrity of the common people. Due to the emerging threat of the Napoleonic Wars and the rise of a bitter Aaron Burr, Jefferson experienced a much more difficult second term in office, and as a result saw a slight shift in the concepts of his political philosophy. Once a steadfast supporter of a strict interpretation of the Constitution, Jefferson’s second term saw a slightly more liberal approach to the analysis regarding the Constitution, as shown by his fury regarding the trial of villain Aaron
Jefferson’s dilemma in the Louisiana Purchase In April of 1803 Thomas Jefferson was faced with many moral dilemmas in the process of buying the Louisiana territory. Though the price for the territory was beyond generous, Jefferson felt that by purchasing the territory he would be going against his beliefs that the constitution should be followed word for word. The constitution said nothing of the president having the power to purchase land from another government, or to use money of the states for the same purpose (“the moral dilemma”). Another problem was once the land was purchased, there was a fear that it could have been a waste since they had no way to know the layout of the land, and what it would be useful for.