The War of 1812 was part of a larger conflict that stemmed between England and France. From 1789-1815 England and France were locked in a constant power struggle for global superiority. America joined the conflict for a few reasons, many felt that the British had not yet come to honor the United States as an authorized country. So gaining the respect and territory from its old rulers was important to America. Along with pride and territory, British impressment of American sailors was another issue the Americans needed to deal with.
America declared war on Britain in 1812 largely because of Britain’s practice of impressment. Although America chose to stay sovereign during Britain’s war with France, the British still kidnapped thousands of American sailors and forced them to work for the Royal Navy. Working for the Royal Navy was difficult work and some men died or were even killed during their service. Although impressment might’ve been practiced for centuries in Britain and they
This treaty allowed the United States and Great Britain to trade in the middle of the French Revolutionary War, thus, angering France, which lead them to attack American ships. Three Diplomats were then sent to France to negotiate with three agents but the agents only tried to bribe the diplomats. However, the diplomats would not except the bribe. Congress wanted war but President Adams did not want war, instead, he wanted to expand the military. Congress stopped trading with France and any alliance they had with them and tripled the size of the army.
After the Treaty of Paris in 1763, which ended the Seven Years War between the French and the British as well as all of their allies, the French lost claim to all of their land. The English being the winners of the war claimed the majority, and what they did not seize was given to the Spanish for their support and help in the war. In 1802 France and Spain signed a secret treaty called The Treaty Of Ildefonso. Once the treaty was fulfilled, Spain gave the Louisiana territory back to France (“Background”). Napoleon had interest in Louisiana for the purpose mainly to ship supplies to the French colonies in the Caribbean islands but also as a source of food and trade.
First of all, the XYZ Affairs and Alien and Sedition Acts played an impact on John Adams ineffective presidency. The first reason Adams was an ineffective president with the XYZ Affair was because of many reasons. Adams talked bad about France. He let everybody know about the XYZ Affair which included three French agents. They all demanded bribes, concessions, and some loans from the American Government in exchange for peace discussions.
The British Naval Forces were seizing ships not just from America but from other European Nations as well. However, what really angered the American government was how they, British Naval Forces, were not just seizing the ships but “[insulting] and [injuring] the American seamen’ (Chapter 6: The War of 1812). Understand by no means was France doing much different, they did stop some American ships from going through, however, Great Britain was by far the primary offender due to its “greater command of the sea” (Chapter 6: The War of 1812). Another insult to the American people, seamen, and American Government was when the Royal Navy captured American seamen and forced them into working for the Royal Navy. Due to this treachery President Madison went to Congress on June 1st, 1812 and asked “for a Declaration of War” even though the British complied with the demands of the American Government (War of 1812 -
Trisha Riddle 9.1 History of the foundation of the United States has clearly recorded that voyagers and adventurers from different parts of the world alternatively termed as “Immigrants” have played a pivotal role in the establishment of this nation. However, suspicion on foreigners and immigrants still stands to be a popular opinion across all of United States in the 21st century. The political instability during late 17th century witnessed a situation of diplomatic unrest between France and United States resulting into passage of Alien and Sedition Acts in 1798 that provided President Adams to deport any ‘Alien’ deemed dangerous to the peace, safety and security the US borders and society. This sentiment subsided for a period of time but later revived as large number of German and Irish immigrants landed into US in mid-18th century. For the most part, US witnessed immigration owing to the industrialization that the nation underwent over the centuries.
To punish the U.S., the French took American ships that carried cargo to Brittan. During the fall of 1797, Adams sent a delegation to France with the hopes to end the dispute. The French foreign master wouldn’t meet with the Americans and instead demanded a bribe and loan from the Americans. Adams was furious and referred to three French agents as X, Y, and Z & then urged congress to prepare for the war. 3.
For impressment of that Britain seized American ships and forced the men to fight . Finally,British attacked American ships which was called “The Chesapeake” when Americans refused to let British search their ships, so British sunk the ships in return . I will use this in paper to help show how hard people fought for us and the love and bravery people have for our
Throughout the course of the war the French drove the British back from their stronghold on numerous occasions. Considering that the British changed their entire strategy once they found out about the new alliance, one could argue that the British were worried about the French Navy’s capabilities. In one particular battle when the British and French naval met it was portray that “the French performed strongly enough to shake British confidence in their naval superiority. According to a British marine officer, ‘It is agreed by everybody that no fleet could go thro’ the different motions better than the French did’.” Based off of the drastic change in British strategy following the alliance, and the views of British marine officers, one cannot rule out that the French would have been able to gain ground regardless of an increase in British naval