Thucydides's The History Of The Peloponnesian War

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Thucydides was an Athenian historian that wrote The History of the Peloponnesian War. His account of the conflict is considered a classic and is one of the earliest works of history. When analyzing his work, there are multiple ways to view it. It can be looked at as an objective piece of history that attempts to record the events that unfolded. But it can also be seen as a piece of literature that tries to tell a story and evoke emotion through symbolism rather than be a historical recording. Either way that the History is viewed, there are many theoretical implications that can be drawn from it. This essay will look at three things: Human nature and its relationship with power and justice, human nature and how its struggle with power leads to anarchy, and human nature’s savagery during anarchy. A common saying and compelling argument for the analysis of history is “Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it.” Human nature and its history has always been one of cruelty and an ironic lack of justice. A lust for power has been one of the primary drives for human cruelty. Mankind has an almost insatiable hunger to control everything and certain individuals rise up and attempt to take what they believe is rightfully theirs claiming that they are upholding justice. Human nature and power together are capable of great achievements when restrained, but left unchecked they are also capable of inhuman actions especially in times of anarchy. The primary safeguard for

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