In 1838, sixty two years after the United States declared independence, white settlers have been pushing into Georgia which was originally the Native Americans land (more specifically the Cherokee tribe’s land). So, the president at the time, Andrew Jackson, created an act called the Indian Removal Act. But, the Native Americans actually took the act to the supreme court and it was declared unconstitutional, although the president didn’t listen. He eventually (somehow) got the act through anyway and all of the Native Americans were forced to leave Georgia on a trail called the trail of tears. The multiple sources regarding the trail of tears and why it happened help the reader shape his (or her) understanding of the event
In 1838 and 1839, as part of Andrew Jackson 's Indian removal policy the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi and to move to an area in Oklahoma. The Cherokee called this journey the Trail of Tears because of its devastating effects. Cherokee lands were held hostage by the states and the federal government and Cherokees had to agree to move to preserve their name as tribes. So the government took there land and made them travel a 1000 miles just to keep there name. The Holocaust on the
On July 17, 1830, the Cherokee nation published an appeal to all of the American people. United States government paid little thought to the Native Americans’ previous letters of their concerns. It came to the point where they turned to the everyday people to help them. They were desperate.
During the 1830s the united states congress and president Andrew Jackson created and passed the “Indian removal act”. Which allowed Jackson to forcibly remove the Indians from their native lands in the southeastern states, such as Florida and Mississippi, and send them to specific “Indian reservations” across the Mississippi river, so the whites could take over their land. From 1830-1839 the five civilized tribes (The Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, and Chickasaw) were forced, sometimes by gun point, to march about 1,000 miles to what is present day Oklahoma. While making this gruesome travel more than 4,000 Indians died from disease, starvation and treacherous conditions. This travel became known as the “trails of tears”.
4,000 Native American Cherokees died on the dreadful, around 1,000 mile journey to the Oklahoma territory. The United States forced them to move out west. But why wasn’t the U.S government justified to do this? There were two main reasons the Indian Removal Act was wrong.
The Trail of Tears was a massive transport of thousands of Native Americans across America. After the Indian removal act was issued in 1830 by president Andrew Jackson, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, and Seminole tribes were taken from their homelands and transported through territories in what many have called a death march. The government, on behalf of the new settlers ' cotton picking businesses, forced the travel of one hundred thousand Native Americans across the Mississippi River to a specially designated Indian territory for only the fear and close-mindedness of their people. The Native Americans were discriminated against by not only their new government, but also the people of their country and forced to undertake one of the most difficult journeys of their lives.
This was a vast number of people. A significant impact of the Indian Removal Act of 1820 was the Trail of Tears. The Trail of tears represents one of the most brutal and morbid episodes in American history. The Cherokee Nation lost a majority of their population due to the spreading of diseases due to cold weather with lack of proper clothing attire. Many even died of starvation with lack of food on the long journey. This removal also split apart families and ruined close relationships among friends. Not only did the Indian Removal affect Indians physically, but it also developed mental issues with in the tribes that would last forever. These Indian’s tribes forever lived with the memories of their friends and family being killed and continued to remember all of the cruelty they were put through being forced off of their
Between 1830 and 1850, the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, Creek, Seminole and Cherokee peoples were forced to leave their homelands to relocate further west. The Cherokee Nation removal in 1838 (the last forced removal east of the Mississippi) was brought on by the discovery of gold near Dahlonega, Georgia, in 1829, resulting in the Georgia Gold Rush.1
The Trail of Tears occurred in 1838 and was put in play by the then reigning President Andrew Jackson. “Gold fever” and a thirst for expansion by the white population made them turn on there Cherokee neighbors. The Native Americans and white settlers had once tried to live in harmony even with the altering of their culture, but the greed and unfortunate disapproval of the Native Americans and their way of life made the whites want to have a further disconnection from them. Many people opposed the removal and even had court cases to try and appeal the removal. People such as Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, and Chief John Ross, who was of Cherokee descent. But these voices would go unheard and under the order of the President the U.S Army began The Removal Act of the 5 Civilized tribes in the summer of 1838. Cherokee, Muscogee, Choctaw, Seminole and the Chickasaw Tribes, were taken from the homes, nothing in hand, no possessions, no food, just the clothes on their backs and was forced onto wagons and many were made to walk the 2,200 miles to The Mississippi River. With the land that was taken from them it was used for trade, slavery, and cotton growing since the weather that they were being moved from was
President andrew jackson signed a law on may 28, 1830. The law was called the Indian Removal. A few tribes went peacefully but some did not want to go and leave their home. In 1838-39 the cherokee were forcefully removed from their homes. 4,000 cherokee died on this trip which became known as “The trail of Tears”. December 6,1830 President Andrew Jackson outlined his indian removal policy in his second annual message to the congress. Additional copies of Andrew Jackson’s second annual message to congress can be found in the “House Journal” and the “ Senate Journal”.
xIs it wrong to kick someone out of their own home when they didn’t do anything wrong? The Cherokee was in that same situation. The Cherokees’ situation was just like taking a cell phone ,which is dear to a human, away. They were kicked off their own land. They had done nothing too bad, but the Georgians wanted them to leave. The Supreme Court even allowed them to stay, but the new settlers still wanted them out. The Indian Removal isn’t justified and the Indians should have stayed in Georgia because it was their own land, staying would help their health, and only a few signed the treaty.
As a part of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, Native American people were forcefully assembled and made to endure one of the longest walks from Georgia to Oklahoma on what has become known as the Trail of Tears. President Andrew Jackson’s motives for movement of the Native people to a new territory was to eliminate the Native race by stripping the victims of their vital resources needed for basic survival. After 178 years of expansion and growth in the United States of America, the circumstances for Native Americans remain unchanged. President Jackson’s sentiments have permeated the present society in issues associated with the physical and emotional fight to decolonize. Decolonization is both the individual and communal effort to regenerate
Andrew Jackson was said to be a divergent president in many ways, especially for his unique background compared to the wealthy ones of the previous presidents. He started off as an orphan and made his way up to becoming a general in the military, then became a frontier and started working in office soon later. Jackson’s presidency was held during an age known as the Age of the Common Man where he was determined to always do what was best for the common people and protect them from the powers of the rich and the privileged. With his success as a populist in his own Jacksonian Democracy, Jackson was able to seduce the American people but frighten the political and economic elite. Although Jackson had good intentions with what he wanted to accomplish
Trail of Tears: In 1838 and 1839, as part of Andrew Jackson's Indian removal policy, the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate. The Cherokee people called this journey the "Trail of Tears," because of its devastating effects. This is significant because the Trail of Tears is one of the worst (and well known) human rights disasters that affected Native Americans in the United States.
The Trail of Tears of 1838 was an unnecessary massacre of the Native American people, because of Jackson's inability to control his troops. The American nation could have benefited from the working with Cherokee Natives, and lived in peace with each other. The goal of the Indian Removal Act was to move Cherokee natives to the west of the Mississippi. This relocation of the Cherokee tribe happened late in the year, it was too cold as stated in this quote, “The trail of the exiles was a trail of death. They had to sleep in the wagons and on the ground without fire. And I have known as many as twenty-two of them to die in one night of pneumonia due to ill treatment, cold, and exposure” (Burnett) The objective of this act was not to kill over 4000 of them; the soldiers were not properly trained to keep the Cherokee Natives alive and from dying of hypothermia. This