Cherokee Indians signed a treaty giving up their land in exchange for territory in Arkansas. Andrew Jackson signed for the act May 28, 1830, then he outlined a drawing December 6th. President Jackson pushed the act because it allowed him to grant unsettled land in
The removal of these tribes left more land for white Americans to settle in without the threat of attacks from Native tribes. Many tries including the Muscogee, Creek, and Seminole tribes were removed from their homes, but it was the Cherokee tribe that suffered the most. For the Cherokee nation the struggle to stay on their land they occupied in the state of Georgia, came long before the Indian Removal Act. In the 1820’s the state of Georgia was trying to convince the federal government to remove the Cherokees living with the states
In 1858, the government had directly taken the reserves given to the Native Americans for resources the nation had wanted. The absolute least we as a nation and sports league can do is take away a name that the Native Americans find offense to their culture. We have not given them a voice until recently, although it is still flawed in how we value their opinion. Cynthia Connolly, one of the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, says mascots representing them most often reflect who they were in the 1800s, as warriors.
The United States wanted to remove Native Americans from the Southeast. The Indian Removal Act began 1830. It allowed southern states to purchase land that the Natives had settled on. They planned to divide land west of the Mississippi for the Native Americans to move to (History.com, 2009). This was a very controversial event that many people opposed.
While white settlers bought up lottery tickets and a chance at Cherokee land, the Georgia Legislature began to pass new laws that would override Cherokee sovereignty. Georgia ruled that meetings of the Cherokee Legislature and courts would be illegal and anyone living on Cherokee land and not Cherokee were subject to approval under Georgia law. Some would blatantly reject these imposes of Georgia, one being Samuel Worchester, a white missionary who lived in Cherokee territory for years was jailed and sentenced to “hard labor.” Georgia state legislator’s efforts, were in essence to write the Cherokees out of existence, ignoring the nation’s constitution, borders and laws in the pursuit of Cherokee land. When Cherokee’s approached President
Contrary to popular belief, Thomas Jefferson was the one who proposed the idea of the Indian Removal Act. The proposal was made when native tribes refused to integrate and adapt to American lifestyle (assimilation). In fact, Jefferson stated, “if we are constrained to lift the hatchet against any tribe, we will never lay it down until that tribe is exterminated, or driven beyond the Mississippi.” As president, Jefferson made an agreement with Georgia to relinquish their claim of land in the west in return that the United States army would force the Cherokee from Georgia. However, the agreement was demolished because the United States had formed a treaty with the Cherokee granting them the right to their lands. As for Monroe, he commission Andrew Jackson to destroy the Seminole native tribe of Florida.
Around the 1860’s, many Texans wanted Abraham Lincoln voted in as President. With the Civil War approaching, Sam Houston as the Texas Governor had two priorities and they were Texas and the Union. On January 28, 1861, There was a convention lead by many secessionists. Houston tried to stall the succession but instead the Legislature approved it. In early March, Texas was declared out of the Union and the group of secessionists agreed that the state should start uniting with the southern states which were recognized as the Confederate states.
In the book I Wish I’d Been There, there are two chapters that can easily be compared, the McGillivray Moment and Chief Joseph Surrenders, for they both had to do with Native Americans, and how they were kicked off their land. Both were made promises that weren’t kept,by American Generals. even if meant twisting the rules of war and going against the law. In The McGillivray Moment, President George Washington was worried that the Creek Nation was going to over inhabit the land to the west of the Mississippi river, also known as the land of America’s future. Washington was now faced with a problem, “The land west of the Mississippi must be inhabited by whites…, and the rights of the Native Americans to their tribal land must be protected.” That’s when Washington met Chief McGillivray, McGillivray was one of the,” twenty-seven Indian Chiefs representing all the major tribes of the Creek Nation” that paraded into the capital of the newly created
Perhaps the most controversial of Jackson’s actions during his presidency is the Indian Removal Act of 1830 that lead to the Trail of Tears. Soon after becoming president, Jackson passed the former act which called for the relocation of native tribes from their homelands to a designated “Indian territory” in present-day Oklahoma. While Jackson had a clear idea of his plans, he befriended the tribes and promised them prosperity, friendship, and the possibility of becoming civilized children of God. In other words, he, the symbol of reassurance in America, stabbed the backs of all natives. Beyond the question of Jackson 's morality, what was the ultimate reason behind the removal?
The US Congress, in 1830, voted on the issue of what rights Indians had to land and independence in North America, continuing a discussion older than the American colonies. In America, a land of immigrants, the question of whose rights were primary, and on what basis, was centuries old. According to their traditions the Indian communities of the Cherokee people had lived in their homeland in southeastern North America for centuries.1 Little interested in Indian traditions, officials of the State of Georgia were waging a campaign to expel the Cherokee from within the borders the state had negotiated with the federal government in 1802. With the election of Andrew Jackson in 1828, Georgia had gained an ally in the White House who also had a program
The primary question presented by the Trail of Tears, is whether or not the forced removal qualifies as genocide. To answer that question, the history of events before, during, and after the removal must be analyzed to fully understand the situation. Since European settlers continuously settled in Native American owned land, growing tensions escalated to the point that the US government sought action. The Cherokee sought to find peaceful resolutions in order to maintain rights to their land and to prevent further conflicts. However, as more European settlers arrived the Cherokee traded, intermarried, and adopted European customs all while being “…pressured to give up traditional home-lands,” (Johnston, 2003).
When Abraham Lincoln became President there was a fear from the southerners that the southern way of life would end. The southerners thought that if the western territories became free states that the Republicans would change the Constitution and make slavery in all areas outlawed and many thought that they would leave the Union before this inflicted upon them. The southerners held back from the division until 1860 when Lincoln became President. In history it is known that South Carolina was the first state that began the secession. “On December 20, 1860, a state convention repealed South Carolina’s ratification of the U.S. Constitution and voted to withdraw from the Union.
With the Indians finally placed in a spot which is theirs, though far away from where they were born, a fake delegation arises and causes them to withdraw from that land. "It comes to us, not through our legitimate authorities, the known and usual medium of communication between the Government of the United States and our nation, but through the agency of a complication of powers, civil and military. ”(Cherokee letter protesting the Treaty of New Echota, 1836), without looking back, and only viewing their future straight forward, the US takes everything they can and don’t even try to reduce the Native Indians ' pain. Instead of trying to solve the main problem and stop the treaty from forcing the Native Indians out of their land, they sent troops to make it fast and clean. "Our property may be plundered before our eyes; violence may be committed on our persons; even our lives may be taken away, and there is none to regard our complaints.
The Indian Removal Act The Indian Removal Act was signed as a law by President Andrew Jackson in 1830. This law was to remove and settle the Native Americans from East of the Mississippi River to the West, known as Indian Territory. This law also prohibited white people to settle in the nation. Thousands of Indians made attempts which were not violent. Many Indians refused to leave from their lands because they worked for them really hard to just be removed like that.