There have been many dark times in our History as Americans. Among them is the Trail of Tears,brought upon by Andrew Jackson, which exiled the Indians from the American south and resulted in the death of thousands on the way to Oklahoma. Before this trying time there was speculation within the supreme court whether to treat the Native tribes as a sovereign foreign nation or as a dependent entity within the United States. I will discuss how these decisions came to be, the reactions to said decisions, and the aftermath of these rulings which inevitably leads to the Trail of Tears.
During the 1830s the united states congress and president Andrew Jackson created and passed the “Indian removal act”. Which allowed Jackson to forcibly remove the Indians from their native lands in the southeastern states, such as Florida and Mississippi, and send them to specific “Indian reservations” across the Mississippi river, so the whites could take over their land. From 1830-1839 the five civilized tribes (The Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, and Chickasaw) were forced, sometimes by gun point, to march about 1,000 miles to what is present day Oklahoma. While making this gruesome travel more than 4,000 Indians died from disease, starvation and treacherous conditions. This travel became known as the “trails of tears”.
First, Andrew Jackson enforced Indian Removal Act. This event is more commonly known as The Trail of Tears. The original purpose of the act was to negotiate with the Indians, not to forcefully remove them. Andrew Jackson, on the other hand, disregarded this and began to remove the Native Americans forcefully and irrationally. Andrew Jackson and his armies made the natives walk countless miles, more specifically 1,200 miles. The government made them walk without provisions and rest. Without these necessities 5000 of the natives died. Andrew Jackson is held responsible for these deaths as a result of not taking care of them. In 1840, thousands upon thousands of Native Americans were uprooted from their homes as a consequence of Jackson’s immoral action.. In 1907, indian territory was gone and the land, now emptie of natives, became oklahoma. The U.S. would be for changed and Jackson for ever remembered.
The Indian Removal Act was put in place to get land from the Indians to expand America. Courts told Jackson that he couldn 't take the Indians land. While the law was passed by congress. Andrew Jackson didn 't care he forced them walk to new land and hundreds of Indians died which was the Trail of Tears.
Jackson planned on moving Native Americans west of the Mississippi River, to maintain the land many Native Americans called home. At first, Jackson proposed treaties to the Native Americans hoping for them to sign so he could deviously take their land. One of Jackson’s known tactics is lying, which he happened to do in this case, where he promised Native Americans that by moving west the were insuring a safe future. Conclusively, the Native Americans refused to sign the treaty as stated in Andrew Jackson and the Constitution, “Ultimately, he forcibly removed a number of tribes, most notoriously the Cherokee, from their homes.” (gilderlehrman.org) Numerous amounts of Native Americans were killed from their removal, this incident was known as the Trail of Tears. The Indian Removal Act is heavenly frowned upon for a sound reason, even if Jackson followers decide to avoid the countless amount of deaths Jackson
The Trail of Tears was a massive transport of thousands of Native Americans across America. After the Indian removal act was issued in 1830 by president Andrew Jackson, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, and Seminole tribes were taken from their homelands and transported through territories in what many have called a death march. The government, on behalf of the new settlers ' cotton picking businesses, forced the travel of one hundred thousand Native Americans across the Mississippi River to a specially designated Indian territory for only the fear and close-mindedness of their people. The Native Americans were discriminated against by not only their new government, but also the people of their country and forced to undertake one of the most difficult journeys of their lives.
The Indian Removal Act of 1830, put into action by President Andrew Jackson, developed many long lasting affects for the Native American tribes. The most significant impact of them all was said to be the Trail of Tears. This remorseless event led to an extravagant number of deaths to the Indians. Along with this deadly removal process, the Removal Act led to poor living conditions for the Native Americans. The Removal Act also forced the Indians to transform into a new culture. Overall, the Removal Act of 1830 did not benefit the Native Americans
Native Americans experienced a dramatic change in the 1830s. Nearly 125,000 Native Americans who lived on inherited land from ancestors of Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Florida were all cast out by the end of the decade. The federal government forced the natives to leave because white settlers wanted an area to grow their cotton. Andrew Jackson (President of the U.S. during this time) signed into law, the Indian Removal Act, authorizing him to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi River in return for native lands within state borders. As a result of Andrew Jackson’s Indian Removal Act during the years of 1838 and 1839, the Cherokee nation was enforced to give up land east of the Mississippi River
There has been a lot of controversy of Andrew Jackson, whether he was a good president or one that destroyed the office of the presidency. However, Andrew Jackson is not guilty. He was a good president and should not be accused of degrading the office of the presidency.
The Trail of Tears occurred in 1838 and was put in play by the then reigning President Andrew Jackson. “Gold fever” and a thirst for expansion by the white population made them turn on there Cherokee neighbors. The Native Americans and white settlers had once tried to live in harmony even with the altering of their culture, but the greed and unfortunate disapproval of the Native Americans and their way of life made the whites want to have a further disconnection from them. Many people opposed the removal and even had court cases to try and appeal the removal. People such as Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, and Chief John Ross, who was of Cherokee descent. But these voices would go unheard and under the order of the President the U.S Army began The Removal Act of the 5 Civilized tribes in the summer of 1838. Cherokee, Muscogee, Choctaw, Seminole and the Chickasaw Tribes, were taken from the homes, nothing in hand, no possessions, no food, just the clothes on their backs and was forced onto wagons and many were made to walk the 2,200 miles to The Mississippi River. With the land that was taken from them it was used for trade, slavery, and cotton growing since the weather that they were being moved from was
During the 1838 Congress passed a law called the Indian Removal homes from Georgia to Indian Territory. It was a long walk 4,000 thousand of us died from the terrible weather,illness, weakness. After the devastating journey, the Cherokee Indians tried to settle in their new "desert" home. In the new territory, problems developed with the new arrivals, and Cherokees who had already come here. These problems were quickly overcame. We now have all that is there, along with all the lives lost. The Trail of Tears was a bad, sad, and hurtful day. People we
Andrew Jackson is known for being a major advocate for the superfluous removal of the Native American tribes. Jackson was being oblivious when he decided that he should ignore the treaties signed with the natives. The president was exhibiting selfishness and naïveté by confiscating the lands of the natives, to which they rightfully owned. Jackson had forced the “five civilized tribes,” which were natives who had adopted their neighbor’s ideas. These tribes were forced to make a long and perilous journey to the west of the Mississippi River.
President andrew jackson signed a law on may 28, 1830. The law was called the Indian Removal. A few tribes went peacefully but some did not want to go and leave their home. In 1838-39 the cherokee were forcefully removed from their homes. 4,000 cherokee died on this trip which became known as “The trail of Tears”. December 6,1830 President Andrew Jackson outlined his indian removal policy in his second annual message to the congress. Additional copies of Andrew Jackson’s second annual message to congress can be found in the “House Journal” and the “ Senate Journal”.
Following their relocation, Native Americans had to adjust to a warmer climate and less fertile land to grow their crops on. The crops were the main source of the food for these Native Americans and they struggled for many years after with hunger problems. As for their religion, they felt torn apart from it because they were not on their sacred land. After the Americans got to their new territory, the Americans left. They didn’t give the Native Americans any provisions to help them. The Trail of Tears commonly refers to a series of forced relocations of Native American nations in the United States following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The removal included members of the Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations, who chose not to absorb American society, from their ancestral homelands in the southeastern U.S. to an area west of the Mississippi River that had been designated as Indian Territory. Native Americans who chose to stay and absorb the American society were allowed to become citizens in their states and of the U.S. The phrase "Trail of Tears" originated from a description of the removal of the Choctaw Nation in 1831. Evidence from Research: Many Native Americans suffered from exposure, disease, and starvation while going on the route to their destinations, many died, around 2,000-6,000 of the 16,543 relocated Cherokee. European Americans
I decided to research about The Trail of Tears Removal Act when my mom bought me a book about “100 events that changed the world” to give me some ideas for the trail of tears. Each day I would read about five to ten stories right before I went to bed. I finally landed on the Trail of Tears and remembered in fifth grade learning about the horrible journey. Before doing any research on the Trail of Tears I assumed that the Americans were being greedy and wanted more land. But no, they found gold and pushed away the Native Americans to the Indian Territory which began their journey.