The establishment and growth of the railroad had many influences on the Westward Expansion of America in the later half of the 1800’s. The railroad fueled the conflict with the Native Americans of the Plains, induced growth in population and economy in previously established urban areas, and lastly expanded the lands that were used for agriculture. The railroad affected various aspects of America’s West and the Great Plains. The advancement of the railroad West added to the already tense relationship with the Native Americans of the Plains.
For the Sioux tribe, American expansion caused many problems and hardships, primarily derived from Americans’ dislike for Natives. This is evident in an excerpt from the book Sioux by D. L. Birchfield. One can see from this excerpt that when streams of American expansion moved west because of the California Gold Rush, they brought various illnesses and sickness to the Sioux. The spread of smallpox, measles, and other contagious diseases killed off an estimated ½ of their population (Birchfield). Settlers were not sad because of this news, and a lot were actually glad that so many Native Americans had died.
After fighting a losing battle against the English settlers, Native Americans found themselves cornered with the passage of the Indian Appropriations Act of 1851. Authorizing the creation of Indian areas in what is now Oklahoma, the native population was once again forced into even smaller fields of land called reservations. The U.S. government made several promises to provide the tribal members with food and supplies, but fell short in keeping them. In addition, there were strict limitations on the Native Americans ability to hunt, fish, and gather food. With all of these restrictions in place, the Americans were given the upper hand in terms of controlling the Indians.
The invention of railroads changed America's economics because it allowed for high volume of goods to be transported. The cost of traveling and shipping was also much cheaper. Before railroads, people would travel by boat for about $1,500. When railroads began their operation, the cost drastically reduced to $150. Traveling the railroad was more comfortable and people were not as susceptible to contact yellow fever that was rampant.
The transcontinental railroad caused a lot of political impacts including uniting divided houses. In the 1850s, the greatest obstacle building the transcontinental railroad was the sectionalism in the American politics: between the North and the South. The biggest barrier in getting the railroad built in the mid-century in America is slavery. Congress had to make a decision whether or not slavery should be allowed in the new territory that was made easily accessible but the transcontinental railroad. Abraham Lincoln, the president, was less known as a great friend of the railroad.
The Transcontinental Railroad was the first line across the continent. The railroad line stretched from Omaha, Nebraska, all the way to Sacramento, California. This railroad allowed the United States the opportunity to expand westward, as both people and resources would be able to be shipped much faster than before. In 1862 The Pacific Railway Act was passed, which allowed the Union Pacific Railroad and the Central Pacific Railroad to construct the lines for the transcontinental railroad. On May 10, 1869 the Transcontinental Railroad was established at Promontory, Utah.
The transcontinental railroad was a very important part in the growth of the United States of America. In 1869, California, on the west coast, was separated from the United States, on the east coast. There were over a thousand miles of mountain ranges and plains with no reliable way across them. Before the railroad, there was no way to get to the other side of the country without a high chance of death, and many people wouldn't take this risk. Now, with the help of trains we can travel at high speeds over and under land Subways one modern version of trains and they have helped us in so many ways.
The cause of the Underground Railroad was the slaves arrived in 1619, a ship docked in Jamestown, Virginia. The ship carried away 20 people had been kidnapped from their homes in west Africa. At an auction, a large group of newly arrived black men and women and children were put on display. They pried open their mouths to check their teeth. They pinched their muscles to make sure they were strong.
Did you know that there are a lot of different crashes each year about teens on railroads? If you want to stay as safe as possible while crossing the railroad, you must follow all of these rules.. First of all, you should never go on to the tracks if you're not supposed to be there.. Next, you always need to yield to a train. Last of all, you should always stop, look, and listen before crossing railroad tracks.
You don’t always have to cross railroads, but when you do there are some things you need to remember. Here are some of those things that are covered at the beginning of this unit. Always slow down when you come to a railroad crossing. Never pass a car that is going your direction at a railroad crossing. At night, do not assume that a train is not coming just because you do not see any light.
Horses and wagons were used prior to the revolution of transportation in America. In the late 18th century, while Americans were slowly moving west, transportation was important and at the time very risky. Westward expansion was not only difficult because of the use of horses and wagons and the demands that were needed to maintain them, but because of the duration of time that it took to travel across the land. The Transportation Revolution of the 19th century didn’t have an impact on society because Americans already had other forms of transportation. However it put an end dramatically to the isolation of western lands and encouraged the growth of commercial economy.
Native Americans flourished in North America, but over time white settlers came and started invading their territory. Native Americans were constantly being thrown and pushed off their land. Sorrowfully this continued as the Americans looked for new opportunities and land in the West. When the whites came to the west, it changed the Native American’s lives forever. The Native Americans had to adapt to the whites, which was difficult for them.