The Industrial Revolution tends to be viewed in two separate parts; The 1st Industrial Revolution, before the Civil War, and the 2nd Industrial Revolution, after the Civil War. The first Industrial Revolution did not bring forth many inventions based in science. People understood that things worked but they never could answer the question “Why?” During the 2nd Industrial Revolution, however, the country expanded greatly. Many different things were accomplished, a major one being the completion of the first transcontinental railroad in 1869 which made it easier to transport people, raw materials, and
In a time, 1865 marked the end of Reconstruction of the North and the South after the Civil War. The start of the Second Industrial Revolution began with the invention of electrical power and mechanical engines. The United States expanded westward like never before with the creation of railroads, oil, and steel. The Election of 1896 marked a critical election when Republican William McKinley, United States President from 1897-1901, defeated his opponent in one of the most dramatic and complex elections in the young country’s history. Using the idea of American Imperialism, the United States aimed to spread their political, economic, and cultural control within the government over areas beyond their boundaries.
The time period from when the Second Industrial Revolution was beginning, up until President McKinley’s assassination in 1901, is known as the Gilded Age. After the Civil War, many people headed out West to pursue agriculture, and many immigrants moved to urban areas to acquire jobs in industrial factories. It is in this context that farmers and industrial workers had to respond to industrialization. Two significant ways farmers and industrial workers responded to industrialization in the Gilded Age, were creating the Populist Party and the American Federation of Labor (AFL). In response to Manifest Destiny, and westward expansion, agriculture became a major industry in the Midwest, South, and West.
However, not only did it changed how goods were manufactured and consumed, but it also had far-reaching effects on societal groups and rising labor union tensions by the end of the 19th century. After the end of the Civil War, America experienced a second industrial revolution known as the Gilded Age was dominated by industrialization and the rise of big businesses. Though there were many new inventions during the era of the Gilded Age, the most important and well known as the creation of the transcontinental railway as this opened up many western mining and farming regions. In the light of American railroad tycoons like Cornelius Vanderbilt had laid hundreds of thousands of miles of track
Industrial Revolution The industrial revolution led to many major changes in Great Britain through the advent of science, technology, improvements to agriculture and economic growth. The industrial revolution began during the 18th Century and during this time improved the lives of many British citizens through the creation of new jobs, increased trade and the invention of new technologies. This essay will look at how the industrial revolution impacted on certain areas. Transport is not the same as it is today, back then people used carriages that were pulled by horses to trade, it took at least a few days to get from Manchester to London. The roads before were bumpy, harming/damaging any type of fragile goods that were being transported, it was also hard to navigate.
The government brought in gold licences and police checks of the licences called "licence hunts". In December1851 governor Charles La Trobe wanted to double the licence fees and tensions started rising on the goldfields because of this. Miners were angry and the 'great meeting ' of more than 10,000 people occurred on Mount Alexander near Castlemaine. La Trobe ended up not increasing the fee. On the 22nd of June 1854, Lieutenant Governor Sir Charles Hotham arrived in Victoria and tried to increase the colony 's revenue by increasing the frequency of licence hunts.
The American industrial workers kept America progressing and expanding industrially in the late 1800’s. The life of one was difficult in the conditions in factories and cities. However, what of the influences that impacted the American industrial worker such as, immigration, labor unions, and technology changes. Immigration barely affected the American industrial worker of the 1850’s, but at the end of the Civil War, the greatest influx of immigrants yet was just beginning. The only way the immigrated worker impacted the “American” one, is that they outright replaced them.
Factors such as labor specialization, technology, growth of urban centers, new roads, and the development of collective enterprises differentiated the time period from the Early Middle Ages. Population growth was a factor in the increasing specialization of labor, which included professions such as blacksmiths and miners. Specialization in commercial crops also existed in southern Italy including Sicily and Calabria. The development of new forms of technology also impacted the economy of High Middle Ages. Jordan notes that “the widespread diffusion of the technology was made possible only by the millennial revolution in iron production” Increased iron production was instrumental for cutting down the forests and plowing the fields of Europe.
This was a time period in which underlying changes began to happen in agriculture, textile, metal manufacturing, economic policies, social structure, and transportation (Dickens 1). The start of the Industrial Revolution began in the early 18th century when people in Britain began to lack lumber in which they were using to build buildings and put into their ships for heating (Allen 1). “In their search for something else to burn, they turned to the hunks of black stone (coal) that they found near the surface of the earth” (Allen 2). “ In the space of a single century, the Industrial Revolution ushered in new machines and technology, rich new sources of energy, and lucrative new forms of business and commerce” (Hillstrom 10). In 1776, James Watt designed an engine in which burning coal began to produce steam
By the 1780s, the British Industrial Revolution, which had been developing for several decades, began to accelerate further; technology changed. The economic transformation brought about the British industrial revolution along with social reformation (Sparknotes.com, n.d.). But, not everyone was happy with this change. The poets involved in the Romantic Movement were critical about the Industrial Revolution. They reacted to the philosophy that man could employ science to control the earth the way he pleased.