Through Ken Kesey’s use of Christian imagery throughout One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, but especially in this final section, Kesey allows McMurphy’s altruistic ways to shine through, giving the men of the ward a sense of individuality. Foremost, Kesey utilize a biblical reference when Bromden describes McMurphy as “a giant come out of the sky to save us from the Combine” (234). Bromden’s description is a direct reference to the second coming of Jesus Christ. In the book of Mark, it is described that “At that time people will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory” (Mark 13:26). In this way, Kesey compares McMurphy to Christ’s second coming. The purpose of Christ’s second coming is to save His faithful believers from the …show more content…
Billy, in this way, is comparable to Peter, in that when he is confronted about his actions that McMurphy led him to complete, he denied them stating “They m-m-made me! Please, M-Miss Ratched, they may-may-MAY-!” (265). As an audience, we know this is not accurate, as Billy was proud of actions “[taking] the girl’s hand in his and [grinning],” proudly introducing her, stating “This is Candy” (263). Here, Kesey implements this Christian comparison to explain, that although McMurphy is leading these men to independence in the same way Christ led his disciples to live holy lives, there will always be someone who is not strong enough in themselves to stand their ground, and when faced with discrimination will deny their following. Another, arguably the most apparent, comparison Kesey implements is McMurphy’s metaphorical Last Supper. When McMurphy and his followers broke into the medicine on the ward, they then “sat around [together] drinking it” in a sort of metaphor to the drinking of wine, representative of Christ’s blood, that occurred during Jesus’ Last Supper with his
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The alcohol shared by the patients is even likened to the wine that Jesus shared with his followers when the author writes , “We stood there in the hall, and the wine went around again”. McMurphy understands that he will be severely punished for the festivity, but he is devoted to supplying Billy Bibbit and the rest of the patients with a memorable experience. The celebrations organized by both Finny and Mcmurphy take place presently before their metaphorical or bona-fide
The Chief and McMurphy are inmates of a mental institution. In what sense are they also heroes? How should we understand “heroism” in the context of this novel? According to the context of “One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest”, Kesey defines a hero a person as average as others but able to see a problem that requires courage, determination and kindness to be solved, and takes it upon oneself to fix it.
In Ken Kesey’s novel, One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest, the main theme that society embraces people who conform to oppressive standards is reiterated numerous times throughout the book. The book is narrated by a schizophrenic, Native American man named Chief Bromden. He is large in physical stature, but is often treated as if he were invisible. Kesey depicts conformity through Bromden’s lack of perception of how size is related to power, and how Bromden’s view evolves following McMurphy’s arrival on the psychiatric ward. Prior to Randle McMurphy’s arrival on the ward, Chief Bromden spent most of his time in a delusional fog, in which he was able to protect himself from the realization that he is a big person.
In Kesey’s novel One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest the character R. P. McMurphy is an anti-hero. Kesey portrays him as an anti-hero by his behaviour and motives. When McMurphy first enters the ward its all a gamble, he fakes his way in trying to escape working. When he first arrives its all for himself and he doesn’t have much care for the other patients. McMurphy immediately decides he wants to be the bull goose loony in charge.
In the novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, author Ken Kesey uses the motif of the Combine to convey the theme that conformity brainwashes people into lacking personality. The Combine is portrayed by narrator, Chief Bromden as a large machine in which all parts are unified in order to work efficiently. Therefore, since all parts depend on each other, they must be programmed similarly. Individuals have been stripped of their own personality and freedom, as a result. Society at the time is portrayed through the hospital; forcing everyone there to conform to its rules.
Ken Kesey the author of One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest. Wrote McMurphy as a confident, positive and stronger person to make a positive impact to the patients in the Mental Institution, by challenging the Nurse Ratched and her authority. The author wants to show the impact that McMurphy has on the patients, the conflict between McMurphy and the Nurse Ratched to expose the corruption of power, and also it shows the theme of Manipulation. McMurphy’s positive attitude had a huge impact on the patients of the mental Institution. First of all thanks to McMurphy, in the ward they were going to do a carnival; When McMurphy had the interview with the doctor, they realize that they studied in the same school and they started to talk
In Ken Kesey’s One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, the main character, Randle Patrick McMurphy, is a perfect example of a tragic hero. Throughout the novel McMurphy sets himself up to be the tragic hero by resenting Nurse Ratched’s power and defending the other patients. He can be classified as a contemporary tragic hero, but he also includes elements of Aristotle’s tragic hero. McMurphy’s rebellious nature and ultimate demise are what truly makes him as a tragic hero.
By representing Jesus, McMurphy was betrayed by Billy when he says that “McMurphy! He did” to Ratched when she asked who made him lose his virginity (Kesey 315). This proves that Billy is Judas because Judas turned on Jesus. After this, Billy kills himself and Ratched blames McMurphy. Ratched states to McMurphy that “[she] hope[s] [he is] finally satisfied” because since he has been in the ward, there has been two suicides (318).
In One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, by Ken Kesey uses the motif, Christ and Savior to find faults within society demonstrating that one should sacrifices oneself in order to save others from tyranny imposed by authority. In the beginning of the novel, the motif, Christ and Savior is not prevalent within the ward. However, as McMurphy appears, the figure of Christ and Savior starts to reveal by McMurphy’s actions. While the men think McMurphy is going to stand up for them against Big Nurse, he says, “I couldn’t figure it at first, why you guys were coming to me like I was some kind of savior.
Billy ends up killing himself after the betrayal just like Judas after the realization of what they did. These betrayal set in motion both their deaths and ultimately their legacy after death. The death of McMurphy helps free the patients of the reigns of the hospital set on them, like how Christ free his people from the price of their sins. Even though McMurphy in the novel was very greedy and self-motivated at times, the inclusion of these allusions help break down the hard exterior that had been painted on him, by showing the reader that there was more to him and he truly wanted to help these patients. Kesey connections to Christ and McMurphy helps give the transitions needed in the novel to come to the conclusion at the end of the novel that because of McMurphy, many patients are now able to live their lives without being constricted to the walls of this hospital, but follow their own true
In his comedic novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, Ken Kesey uses Chief Bromden, a Native-American man suffering from schizophrenia, to tell the story of an intense struggle for power between the Big Nurse and a new patient. Named McMurphy, this admission brings an aspect to the ward that is noticeably absent under the Nurse’s reign: laughter. The introduction of humour to the ward disrupts the atmosphere of conformity and submission crafted the Big Nurse. Throughout the book, the two engage in a series of battles as the Big Nurse attempts to prevent the McMurphy and the rest of the men from laughing and while more abstractly aiming to eliminate their autonomy. Battling back, McMurphy tries to teach the men that they themselves can use laughter to fight back against this
Each word of Scripture is designed to move the plan forward in a way that glorifies God and points to Christ” (Hulshof, p. 4, ¶ 5). God’s plan is to rescue, redeem, and restore humanity. He will rescue us because “We are desperately and hopelessly lost because of the actions of our first parents—Adam and Eve—and our own willful sin. This lost-ness means that we are incapable of rescuing or saving ourselves. In fact, the more we attempt to save
Kesey has used characterisation to get the idea that in this novel there are aspects of venerability and strength. In Nurse Ratched’s case, Kesey has made it so that she is shown with strength and power over the whole ward, including the black men in white, other nurses, and mainly the patients. An example of Nurse Ratched’s power over the patients is when she says to Billy Bibbit, “What worries me, Billy, ' she said- I could hear the change in her voice- 'is how your mother is going to take this.” This shows how one sentence was able to debilitate Billy into begging Nurse for forgiveness and restraint of telling his mother.