To begin with, in 1921 a law was passed called the national quota system, then later modified in 1924. Furthermore, the national quota system was used by limiting immigration or as said in the Historical Overview of Immigration Policy “ Immigration was limited by assigning each nationality a quota”, therefore purposefully keeping immigrants out of our country. (cis.org paragraph 2) Essentially, “E Pluribus Unum” is being contradicted because “The quota provided immigration visas to two percent of the total number of people of each nationality in the United States”.(history.state.gov paragraph 1) This evidence shows by limiting immigrants from coming to the U.S. we are keeping the idea of immigrant nation and showing false hope for all the
1 The time between the First and Second World Wars saw the emergence of cultural diversity in Australian society that was characterized by a expanded migration of people, especially men from southern Europe, the Adriatic and the Mediterranean. Restrictive entry conditions remained, such as the exclusion of women and children from non-British backgrounds. The exception was Japanese, Malay and Filipino pearl divers who continued to work under the exemptions of the The Immigration Restriction Act 1901. The 1920s and 1930s were hard times with a Depression that saw massive unemployment, poverty and hardship.
Smoot-Hawley, Reconstruction Finance Corporation, Revenue Act Of 1932 The significance of this triad is that all of these things were failed attempts under Hoover between 1929 and 1932 to pull America out of the Great Depression. Smoot-Hawley Tariff was created by Reed Owen Smoot and Willis C. Hawley in June 1930. It raised tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods and added a flat fee. It made American products affordable to stimulate the economy and pull us out of the Great Depression.
Holehole bushi Holehole bushi are folk songs composed by Japanese immigrant workers on the sugar plantations in Hawaii during the late 19th centuries. These songs reflect their daily lives, back-breaking work, and new obstacles for being away from home. These immigrants faced many discriminations. Different ethnicity were being put in separate camps and hierarchy (Takaki, 133-135). Holehole bushi are important to Asian American history, because it represent the struggles they have been through.
Chinese Exclusion Act In light of the executive order enacted by Trump, immigrants from many Muslim countries in the Middle East are banned from coming to America. However, this act was short lived with the intervention of several states. This was not the first time America banned immigrants from entering. This was however, the shortest lived immigration ban, as there was the Chinese Exclusion act. The Chinese Exclusion act was enacted by President Arthur and was supported by many White Americans, including white immigrants from Ireland and other European countries.
The difference between the Red Scare in the 1940’s and the 1920’s, you had the Red Scare of 1940’s all about the characteristic of the affluent society when the people were in constant fear. Fear of nuclear bombs, nuclear weapons, fear of spies and politicians who were taking advantage of that fear. There was that constant fear of infiltration and espionage from the communists that made everyone always on the edge. You had working class people moving up to middle class, becoming all about materialistic things. Going up economically began to change the people in the society.
On May 6, 1882, President Chester A. Arthur signed a federal law prohibiting Chinese laborers to immigrate. This U.S. federal law was called The Chinese Exclusion Act. During the California Gold Rush, many Chinese immigrated to North America. As gold became harder to find, hostility built up towards Chinese immigrates. A combination of racism and misunderstanding of another culture cause fear that turned into hate.
The United States experienced an influx of immigrants between the 1890’s to the 1920’s. Immigrants entered the United States from Eastern Europe and Southern Europe. From these demographic shifts we can also see that there were changed in the United States attitudes towards recent immigrants. These attitudes are grounded in racialized notions of foreign peoples and African Americans. Nativist notions are set in ideas of whiteness and different factors make Eastern Europe and Southern Europe immigrants not quite white.
Francis Scott Key, in 1814, called America “The Land of the Free and the Home of the Brave,” and this motto was heard by people from other countries. These people decided to leave behind their old lives in order to escape their native countries for various reasons. Some of these reasons include overpopulation, unhappiness, and oppression. Immigrants risked everything to come to the United States of America in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, however immigrants experienced dangerous journeys, anti-immigrant ideas, and harsh experiences in US immigration stations.
The Great Migration The early 19th century was an era of emigration to the United States as every nation had its people coming to the United States. Whether it was from an economic, religious or even education standpoint, thousands of immigrants came to the United States. However, not every immigrant was treated the same. There was a constant struggle for independence and less opposition.