The Crusades took place between the years 1095 and 1291 and included several different operations all over Europe. They are typically seen as one whole operation rather than the separate campaigns they were intended. History looks upon The Crusades as an overall failure since they strayed from the well intentioned beginnings. The First Crusade was initiated by Pope Urban II at the request of Byzantine Emperor Alexius I. Alexius was steadily losing extensive portions of his empire to the invading Muslim Turks (A&E Networks). A group of lay people and clergy took up the cross, as it was, and marched to free Jerusalem and the Holy land from the invading Turks. (Fiero 134). The First Crusade was successful by driving out the Turks in 1099.
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The Crusades first
8.2.1- In 1097 an estimated 100,000 men enlisted in the first crusade, due to the fact that the pope promised salvation from purgatory if they joined the pilgrimage to Jerusalem to liberate the Holy Land. Peter the Hermit left, to the Holy Land, with 30,000 peasants, they terrorized Jews in Germany, and Christians in Bulgaria, when they got to Constantinople they were transported to Bosphorus and the Seljuk Turks defeated them, and the living were sold into slavery. After a five-week siege Jerusalem fell on July 15, 1099, the first crusade was a success, and because most crusaders were younger sons of nobles (Oldest gets the kingdom), they made four Crusader states based on the French Feudal model: the Country of Edessa, the Principality of Antioch, the Country of Tripoli, and the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. 8.2.2-
The Political and Economic Gains of the Crusades In 1095, Pope Urban II called upon people to fight the Muslim control of Jerusalem. In response to his call for war, tens of thousands of peasants, nobles, and clergy gathered in Western Europe. From 1096 to 1099, armies of these people, called Crusaders, departed from Western Europe to Jerusalem. This would result in nine major Crusades, from 1095-1291.
To what extent was the First Crusade a catalyst for future Crusades? Preparations for the First Crusade was initiated by Pope Urban II in 1095. He gave a rousing speech to the people of Clermont calling the Christian arms to aid the Byzantine Christians in retaking the “holy land”. The Holy land was an area between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea, it was the shared holy land of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The famous Siege of Jerusalem was next on the crusaders agenda however Baldwin of Boulogne had other ideas, he left the crusaders and made “a naked claim to the land along the route” (Gregory, 2010, p. 327)
The Turks kept all Jewish and Christian pilgrims from entering the city. The Emperor of the Byzantine Empire did not take this lightly and ordered the Crusade. It wasn't easy, but the Crusaders were successful in capturing the Holy Land. They then slaughtered tens of thousands of its inhabitants. These crusades continued for about two hundred years, leaving many innocent lives lost to the sword of those wearing the cross.
Some of the benefits a of the crusades can be a positive but mostly negative. Document five states that they were many battles between the colonies and some traded along the ways of the movement between the countries. This is relevant because even though there were some of the positive impacts,they were still other things that made it incomparable between them. Document seven,it states that the crusades were hard to maintain and often abused christians and jews.
A Children’s Crusade is a popular movement in Europe, in the time period of summer 1212. This effort to improve things allowed thousands of young people to set out to recover Jerusalem from the Muslims. Lasting around five months, the Children’s Crusade did not have the official approval and ended the crusade in failure. In the end, none of the travelers had reached Holy Land.
The Crusades were a violent series of battles that Christians fought against Muslims in order to gain back the holy land, Jerusalem. The Christians felt threatened by the intimidating rule of the Islamic Empire, and their response was the first Crusade. These attacks continued and grew unsuccessful throughout many years, and are often due to the intense bond between Christians and God, however there are other influences, like wealth and power. Some argue also that the actions committed during these events were not necessarily “barbaric”, considering the historical time period. The Crusades should be remembered as a series of attacks with a variety of motives and influences that were violent and barbaric.
A whole century before this, Pilgrims had been making treacherous journeys in order to get to the holy land which they had so desperately been wanting to reach. It wasn’t until early Islamic empires when pilgrims were allowed to make these types of journeys. The third crusade was also given the name “the king’s crusade” because of its having to do with thee attempt of European leaders to again reconquer the holy land. This crusade was very successful in its doing even though it failed in capturing
The Crusades were expeditions done by the Roman Catholic Church in alliance with Middle-Age Kingdoms and Empires. There were a total of nine Crusades during the period of 1095 to 1291, led by Saladin, Richard I "the Lionheart" of England, Pope Urban II, Frederick I the Holy Roman Emperor, etc. At first, the Crusades were a way to fight back the Muslims for their conquest of Jerusalem. The idea of the Crusade was a very good marketing strategy by Pope Urban II. It was told that any Crusader would be rewarded a place in heaven, and forgiven their sins.
The Crusades are several wars that went on between the Muslims and the Christians They fought for Jerusalem. Most of the wars took place in Jerusalem. Were the results of the Crusades more positive of negative? I think the results were more negative. One reason being the people that the Christians hired turned their backs on them.
In 1198, Pope Innocent III preached the Fourth Crusade to reinstate Christian lands and recapture Jerusalem. Under Innocent III, for the first time in the history of the Crusades, the pope taxed the church in order to collect money for the war. In this Crusade, advocates followed Richard the Lionheart’s procedure and travel by sea rather than by land. As a result, crusaders leased vessels from Venice. Instead of going to the Holy Land, the Crusaders attacked Zara and Constantinople in order to acquire money to pay their debt and fulfill selfish reasons.
The Crusades were successful failures because they did not meet many of their goals, but left lasting effects. The Crusades was an attempt by the Roman Catholic Church to regain the Holy Lands from the Muslims. They believed they were fighting for god and all sins would be forgiven and defend the Byzantine Empire from the Turks. The first Crusade (1096 -1099) was successful for the Christians because they had a clear and organized religious based purpose. Crusaders the Christian armies were able to hold Jerusalem and in the process led to a massacre of Jews.
Many things happened during the crusades. First crusaders left there families, the women and children where left to fend for themselves. In the first and only successful crusade the crusaders killed all Muslim inhabitants of Jerusalem. Although the crusaded was successful, within 46 years the land had to be fought for agin. All thought there was other crusades they still didn 't manage regain the holy land.