10. Kansas-Nebraska Act – The Kansas-Nebraska Act split the Nebraska territory into two territories comprising of Nebraska and Kansas. They hoped that by doing this one state would be free and the other slave. They would decide what kind of state they would be through popular sovereignty. The act served to repeal the Missouri Compromise. The significance of this is that it caused conflict and repealed the Missouri Compromise.
11. Compromise of 1850 – The compromise was presented by Henry Clay. The Compromise stated five different things. One, California would enter as a free state. Second, stricter fugitive slave laws. Third, popular sovereignty decides the problem about slavery in the state. Finally, slavery was allowed in D.C but the slave …show more content…
Dred Scott Decision – Was a trial between a slave and his owner. The master moved to a free state and kept a slave even though they had entered a free state. In the end, they ruled in the favor of the master. This decision stated that slaves are just property and can be moved from place to place and still be bound to the master. The significance of this is that it made the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional.
14. Abraham Lincoln – ran for a seat in the Senate and later became president. Lincoln was a Republican candidate that opposed slavery expansion and opposed the Dred Scott decision. He and Stephen Douglas had debates referred to as the Lincoln – Douglas debates. He was president during the civil war and approved the 13 amendment that freed slaves. The significance of this man is that he was a president and did many important things.
15. Stephen Douglas – Ran for a seat in the Senate and beat Lincoln for it by a slim margin. He also ran for president but didn’t win the presidency. He supported texas as a slave state and popular sovereignty. He was not supported by northerners. The significance of this man is that he was a senate member and almost …show more content…
Election of 1860 – The election of 1860 was between four different men. Lincoln a Republican who didn’t want slavery to expand. Douglas was a democrat that focused on popular sovereignty. John Bell was a unionist that wanted the north and south to remain together. Then finally John Breckinridge was a pro-slavery Democrat. The significance of this is that Lincoln became president even though he didn’t get any votes from southern states.
18. Popular Sovereignty – is the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives. It is closely associated with social contract philosophers such as John Locke. During the time period, popular sovereignty was used to decide if slavery should be allowed in that state. The significance of this is that it decided how the state would function.
19. Southern Secession – Southern Secession was caused by one major dispute. The north and south had long-standing debates about slavery. The war officially started when Confederates attacked Fort Sumpter. This caused the south to secede and split the states between the union and the Confederacy. The significance of the Southern Secession is that it caused the America to split and start the civil
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Abraham Lincoln would lead the Republican Party even though he did not win the south over in the election. He promised that he would save the Union no matter what the cost. This disconnect in policy would later lay the basis for the Civil War, which started in 1861. He never envisioned a proclamation or ending slavery but he was ultimately committed to saving the Union from the succeeding south. Lincoln gave into the antislavery Republicans toward the end of the war and finally decided to make slavery the true basis of the war.
Abraham Lincoln was known for his anti- slavery views and did not let that go unnoticed in his campaign. During his campaign however, republicans made an effort to persuade voters they were more than just an anti- slavery party. They supported higher tariffs, a new homestead law for western settlers, and a transcontinental railroad. (Appleby 304) In the end Lincoln won the Election due to a split in the Democratic Party.
In 1858 in Illinois state election there was about seven debates that took place there. These seven debates were called the Lincoln-Douglas Debates. The two main people that were involved in these debates were Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas. A very short summary of what the Lincoln-Douglas Debates were about is that they were mainly discussing two main topics. These two topics were slavery and State Rights.
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States and Commander in Chief during the Civil War. He was a member of the Free Soil Party and later became a Republican. Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing the slaves in the Confederate States after the Battle of Antietam, and ultimately led the North to victory in the Civil War. What most do not know, however, is that he got to that point after a long road of lying and deception. Abraham Lincoln constantly altered his views on slavery and other issues during the 1800s purely based on his audience.
Stephen Douglas, an advocate of popular sovereignty, and Abraham Lincoln, a Republican candidate, were both running to represent Illinois in the United States Senate. These two men met in a sequence of seven debates before they battled for office of presidency in the election of 1858. Slavery eventually became the main issue discussed repeatedly in each of the debates, due to the Mexican War adding new territories left to be assessed as free soil or not. During this time, the Compromise of 1850 was a temporary fix to the sectional issues for the states that made the decision to participate in the extension of slavery. However, the Missouri Compromise of 1854 brought the issue back up again.
‘Slavery was the root cause of secession’. ‘November 6 1860, Lincoln was elected president of America which resulted in panic emerging in the South’ . The election of Lincoln as president who was a Republican leader meant that ideologies, movements and values from the North would be implemented in the South which meant the abolition of slavery. Slavery was a huge characteristic of the South as the economy; politics; social status and psychological mind-sets were influenced by the process of slavery. The southern white population then derived the idea of secession which meant the South would gain independence from Northern aggression .
The continual debate over the institution of slavery, part of the debate over states’ rights versus the federal government’s power, was one of the factors
The Compromise of 1850 was an attempt by the U.S Congress to settle divisive issues between the North and South, including slavery expansion, apprehension in the North of fugitive slaves, and slavery in the District of Columbia. The Compromise of 1850 failed because Senator John C. Calhoun from the South and Senator William Seward from the North could not agree on what Henry Clay was putting down. Part of the compromise was to make California a slavery free state which benefits the North, and enforcing a stricter fugitive slave law which benefits the South. Both the North and South opposed what the other was benefiting from. What sparked the failure of the Compromise was the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850.
This including the electing of Abraham Lincoln made the southern states feel like they were going to lose control of the political choices in the southern territories, which would have lead to them not having control over their area in general (American Civil War History). These events are all effects where the underlying problem was the conflict of slavery that was between the north and south states. Showing how much of a factor it was during the civil war era. Making it one of the largest causes of why the civil war broke
Douglas, was an important election that would, and did, go down in history. Lincoln had opposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, created by Stephen Douglas, which lead him into becoming a Republican. Here, nobody was able to Compromise. He ran against Stephen Douglas, and won the election with getting one hundred eighty electoral votes, and Douglas getting twelve (Southern Democrat Breckinridge seventy-two, and Constitutional Union Bell getting thirty-nine) (Doc H).
Questions for Days 131-150: 1. Charles Grandison Finney was an evangelist who was a preacher who helped in religiously reviving Americans. He was the first of the professional evangelists. 2. Dorothea Dix was a crusader who supported mentally impaired people.
The Compromise of 1850 was an effort by the United States Congress that was drafted by Henry Clay, who was both the U.S. Senator and the House Representative of Kentucky. This compromise was a series of acts passed in 1850, attempted to reconcile Northern and Southern interests to preserve the Civil War. After the start of the Mexican-American War, conflicts about whether to allow slavery in those new territories to polarized Northern and Southern of the United States raised up. Northerners were in favor the Compromise, since they thought it’s a good chance to stop slavery. On the other hand, Southerners were against it, they thought it threatened their political power because the join of territory--California would disturb the balance of 15 free states and 15 slave states.
Michael Jones R. Raby HIS 131 11/18/16 Compromise of 1850: Essay The meaning of the Compromise of 1850 was as a package of five separate bills passed by the United States Congress in September 1850, which defused a four-year political confrontation between slave and Free states regarding the status of territories acquired during the Mexican–American War (1846–48). Also I am going to talk about how it was important to the slaves. One of the legislative bills that was passed as part of the Compromise of 1850 was a new version of the Fugitive Slave Act. At first, Henry Clay introduced an omnibus bill covering these measures.
The leader of an entire nation and its military forces needs to have a certain intuition and connection with its country. Without this, the leader would seem more like a ruler, which is why electing a president is a more appealing choice to most Americans. In the election of 1864, the fate of our whole country was indirectly affected by the outcome. 3 years into the Civil war, the union was electing, or reelecting, its new president. Abraham Lincoln and George McClellan both ran for president in 1864, but Lincoln came out on top after a very long fight to win for the presidency.
Constitution and altered it by explicitly protecting the institution of slavery. This peculiar institution was what made the Confederacy unique. Sectionalism over economic, social, political, and constitutional issues regarding slavery continued from Buchanan’s inauguration in 1857 until secession after Lincoln’s election in 1860. “The expansion of slavery into western territories provided the catalyst for the growing perceptions of northerners and southerners that they held different intentions of the republic’s future.” “In the South, loyalty to slavery and its required expansion became the hallmark of party politics as the region’s politicians—Whigs, Know-Nothing, and Democrat—competed to demonstrate their loyalty to southern rights.”