The English went through a time of reform. They decided to have a parliament that voted on any new legislation. The parliament became known as the Commons and met frequently to keep Edward III in check. England also underwent economic changes. While most damge to the land occurred in France, some damage was done to port cities in southern England.
Franch can be used as a prime example of an absolute monarch in Western Europe. France began building toward absolutism when Henry VI created the Edict of Nantes in efforts to reduce the violence in the country and gained many supporters. When Richelieu temporarily took the throne he centralized the government and established the supremacy of the king's law. When Louis XIV finally became king, Franch was already well on its way to an absolute monarchy. He went even further by diminishing the power of the nobility and gave them only ceremonial tasks until they we no longer relevant in the political
In contrast to Charlemagne’s feudalism, in Ancient Regime everyone was subject of the king, as well as of an estate and province, but nationality and citizenship didn’t exist. By this time, the military revolution has already begun, and with it absolutism rose in the political sphere of France. (Palmer) The Military Revolution was a product of insecurity and political tensions throughout Europe, which later requires the Balance of Powers within the continent. The feudal armies of the past were dispersing, so the possession of the army transferred from nobility to the King, granting him even more power. This aspect of military might became the key piece for centralizing power in France, controlling the army meant collecting taxes without the consent of the Estates General, therefore diminishing the power of Estates.
Why? Mentioned before, Domat was a royally appointed writer and he owed his position to King Louis. Therefore, his duty was to help people realize that King Louis XIV is a great leader, and that the new government is a change going towards the right direction. Since he worked under the king, he wrote “On Social Order and Absolute Monarchy” knowing that he would be able to convince France to accept not only their new king, but the absolute monarchy government. He proved to be very successful once this was read by his attended audience.
However, they needed far more people in the colonies to agree with them in order for their cause to have a significant impact. In order to gain more support for his cause, Thomas Paine wrote his book Common Sense, which explains why it is the obvious choice to choose to try to rebel against the English government. He published his book throughout the 13 colonies, and it became widespread, with everyone talking about it, and it convinced many people to join the rebellion. Common Sense did a great job in increasing the revolutionaries’ numbers, and helped them get ready for their revolution. When they were ready, they had Thomas Jefferson write the Declaration of Independence, an official letter to the colonists and England saying that the 13 colonies were now going to become their own, independent country, breaking off from English rule, starting the American Revolution.
This restored the order and discipline throughout the country. Henry was given responsibility for this, which obviously increased his power and gave him international prestige. The Act of Union was also introduced by Cromwell in the year 1536 so that he could fully conquer and become a leader of Wales too. He also felt the need to rethink and reorganise the Council of the North. This primarily was to improve the discipline and restore the obedience of the Northern regions of England, however it also made the noblemen who had increased responsibility favoured Henry even more because of the benefits they now had.
When militarism became a huge deal, it not only meant that every country improved their army and navy, no it also meant the arms race and the government´s attitude. The Government attitude means that many generals had a huge influence on the government of the country, which led to problems, which then turned into long term problems, escalation into the war. This also meant that all the countries were very aggressive, but especially the government of Austria-Hungary and Germany were militaristic. At the time of 1914, the arm force was divided like that, that Germany had about 2,2 million soldiers, Austria-Hungary had about 810,000 Soldier and Russia had about 1,2 million soldiers. When on country improved their army and general armed force, all the other had the idear to grow, causing every country to grow bigger and better.
The Absolute power of the monarchy started to collapse as the lower class gain more rights and freedom. In 1792, France was partially republic. In 1790, the Third Estate named themselves the National Assembly. They introduced many new laws that limited the power of both the church and the government. Plus they separate the church’s influence from the political area.
Within the period of 1750 to 1914, changes were taking place around the world. New empires and nations began growing and expanding their territory, and as a result of these actions, wars, bankruptcy, and rebellions became more common. An example is the American Revolution, in which the American colonists, who were influenced by new philosophies and the sense of nationalism, fought and gained their independence from Britain. This revolution eventually inspired others throughout the world as it was successful in gaining the colonies independence from a powerful European empire. Those revolutions include the Haitian and French Revolution.
The peasants were given about half of the farmland in Russia. The government paid the nobles for their land so the peasants would have a place to stay and work. Many thought that nobles and serfs were holding the country of Russia back from improving. They had not yet been in the modern industrialized world. When the nobles ruled over the serfs the serfs had no powers.
This lowered the competition in the trading world for the British and caused the British to have a major surge in power, that greatly attributed to the growth of their rising empire. The British’s ambitious motives in the trading world help portray a way that the British took control of an important piece in the economy of all of the other nations present in the colonies in the time period, and shows another leading factor in the growth of the British empire.
Consequently, it can be implied that did not have a very large impact on their will to fight in the Civil War. Farmers were the next class of people, they owned small patches of land, never large enough to be a plantation. These farmers supported at most one slave who were usually treated more as workers than property. Finally, the large plantation owners were the final class of the South, they were able to own hundreds of slaves and some would treat them harshly. In spite of this, these people made up a very tiny portion of the population.
Then Louis XI reigned from 1461- 1483 helping the Valois dynasty to rise, and this created their dependence towards monarchs for ideas. Whereas, he helped rid France of the English, which the French and English had enmity towards one another. Louis XI also helped expand France through a larger army, increased taxes, and higher power over the clergy. Furthermore, Francis I reigned from 1515-1547 and in 1516 the Concordat of Bologna made authority of kings to appoint bishops to the French church, and Francis I created the taille that helped further the French army as well. Meanwhile the War of Roses from 1451-1477 proved the Tudor dynasty victorious and ruled until 1603 within England.
Absolutism was a period of prosperity because of an increase in modernization, Kings making firm decisions behalf of the interest of the state, and the state of acceptance and peace nations were at under the rule of a King. Kings modernized the entire culture of the nations’ under their rule, by affecting their trading habits and the lives of the citizens.