Patriotism was present in European societies long ago but nationalism was invented to reinforce the cultural and linguistic unity of people. The introduction of the printing press got rid of the supreme power of the church and the pope. Latin was no longer the universal language and local languages began to grow. Language plays a huge role in unifying a people so this also played a role in the rise of nationalism. After the spread of the Enlightenment ideas of self-determination of the nation and the general participation of all its members in the politics of a state, nationalism soon became an irresistible political force.
What moves people more than guns? Ideas, being influenced. Strong influences came along creating pathways for the lingering war. Imperialism was still present in Europe in the decades preceding World War I. Colonies provided not only economic benefits, like raw materials and a foreign market, but were also a point of pride for nationalist people. It demonstrated the power and legacy of the country to everyone.
I agree that the Enlightenment was force for positive change in society. The Enlightenment was one was the most important intellectual movements in History, as it dominated and influenced the way people thought in Europe in the late 17th and 18th centuries. We will look at how it ultimately influenced the American and French Revolution which is still strongly governed by these ideas and principles today. The Age of Enlightenment was a European movement which emphasizing reasoning and individualism in preference to tradition. Different factors had a part to play in starting or even propelling ‘the Age of Enlightenment’, including the rule of the Church and State which experienced a power struggle among them, in addition to the Western discovery of latest societies with noticeably exclusive cultural traditions and norms.
According to him, this is just a ploy for the church to get more money and it is not needed whatsoever. He knows that only God can forgive people of their sins, so this makes him very angry. The ninety-five theses that he wrote is mainly based around how wrong the selling of indulgences is. Martin Luther firmly believed that this was a corruption of the Roman Catholic Church. Martin Luther writing about this is yet another
The Industrial Revolution in the 1900s was a time of substantial transformation throughout society. Not only did countries become greatly dependent upon one another, but it has also influenced people’s lifestyles and the global economy. The effects of this are still relevant today. Of course this has brought many benefits, but resulting factors such as urbanization and the hunger for industrial and global economic growth has led to many problems, not the least of which is climate change. The Industrial Revolution started in the 18th century and has severely influenced the way humans interact with each other and their environment.
These artists thought that the only way for the Catholic Church to regain its influence was by severing its links to the state. These links had discredited the Church in the eyes of the public by the popes having a larger interest in lavishing their own families with money and land, commissioning new artwork, and other secular preoccupations. As such, the liberal artists insisted that art had to help the church detach itself from the state. Alexandre Francois Rio was a prominent champion of the Catholic liberal movement who served as the liaison between the conservative factions of the art fraternity and the liberal movement. The artists who identified with Rio’s view saw artwork as the unseen hand that ensured the Christian ideals manifested in the lives of the ordinary people.
The word was first used in Britain to describe the transition that took place in which Britain moved from a religious based society towards a more scientific based society known as the age of enlightenment (Seekings,2018). This new age of enlightenment allowed for various political, economic and social changes to arise in Britain, which included the age of revolutions, including the industrial revolution and bureaucratisation respectively (Seekings,2018). Due to these changes, certain groups benefitted more than others, creating divisions amongst the people in society. The idea of ‘us and them’ was created thus. This idea of ‘us and them’ in Britain was considered a class division in society due to the
The Scientific Revolution, the Renaissance and the Protestant Reformation led the people to a new age of intellectual pursuits and new outlooks of the word that differed from the Church’s. Culturally, it affected the Enlightenment because it caused people to lose faith in the Church. The people started to question all of their teachings and intentions that then later lead to the Enlightenment that then later provoked the French Revolution. These new philosophical ideas came from very influential early Enlightenment
The scientific, technical, and even artistic advances that highlighted the advent of the modern world in Europe instilled in many people a faith in progress, a belief that life on earth could be far more worthwhile, satisfying and progressive. However, before people could actually enjoy the fruits of progress, society itself would have to be reordered to undo the old ways of life that stunted advancement, especially when they prevented imaginative and dynamic individuals from using their energies and resourcefulness to improve life for themselves and others around them. And so such establishments that endorsed the old ways of life—eg. the Roman Catholic Church and the trade and industry world of feudalism—came under attack from those who sought to free individuals to make the most of themselves in a new world of opportunity, progress and reason. This attack took a number of forms, including the philosophical movement known as the Enlightenment giving birth to ideologies such as liberalism and romanticism.
The Renaissance was a period of time in which northern Europe went though many changes as well as a significant rebirth due to the development of technology, art, writing, and more. The works created by Erasmus, van Eyck, More, and Shakespeare influenced the people of Europe and inspired many to develop new forms of writing and art with different subjects and meaning. Each individual managed to create a movement that allowed people to express themselves through painting or writing based on the subjects that they focused on in their own work. Common theme expressed in their works were greed and hatred, but each of them also told the story of a person’s life and put the subject in the “center of the stage.” However, the Renaissance in northern Europe was much different than the Renaissance in Italy due to the fact that humanism had smaller influence in Italy compared to Europe, there were different artists and authors creating different works, and Italy remained largely medieval through this period of development. Desiderius Eramus and Thomas More commonly focused on the idea of humanism in their writing, which is a system of thought in which an individual’s thoughts, values, and morals dominate and are developed through nature alone.