The Church was very much responsible for removing knowledge from Europe because they labeled anyone who proved many of the “true” Church doctrines wrong a heretic and executed them. The humanist movement of the Renaissance led to most of the Church reform through the rediscovery of this lost knowledge. Now that people were beginning to become educated, even the semi-literate could evaluate the Church with some level of scrutiny. This scared the Church and in 1502 they held one of many book burnings in an attempt to destroy any knowledge that went against them, but it only inspired the intellectuals of Europe, “It was a futile bull - the velocity of new ideas continued to pick up momentum - and the Church decided to adopt stronger measures.” (99) Shortly after this burning Copernicus proposed that the Earth was not the center of the universe, a theory that undermined the official Church teaching. He was immediately called a heretic and burnt at the state, just for proposing a hypothesis that went against pas assumptions, Galileo would soon prove him right, but he too was killed for heresy, showing how afraid of knowledge the Church was.
This helped to continue the decline of the teachings and authority of the Catholic Church. The Protestant Revolution questioned authority, led to the Scientific Revolution and all the scientific discoveries would soon lead to the Enlightenment, the Age of Reason. All of these examples showed the rise and decline of the Protestant Reformation and the rise of the Scientific Revolution. The Scientific Revolution showed that a rise in observations and conclusions became an acceptable source of knowledge and truth, where it had been less so in earlier
“I come to see what mischief your uncle’s brewin’ now.” John Proctor says this to Abigail when she asks why he has come to town. Proctor is no saint. The uncle he is referring to is Reverend Parris, the minister of his parish or town. John Proctor has three key reasons why he doesn’t stand behind Parris. First, he is displeased at how much Parris speaks of hell in his sermons.
Puritanism was a religious movement that was created after the Church of England’s insufficient reform. This occurred after King Henry VIII transformed the the Church of Rome into the state Church of England. This change was inadequate and left many people dissatisfied with the newly reformed church. As of this, a popular group of Puritans were formed in the late 16th centaury to live a life closer to God. This group of radicals were persecuted for their overly religious ways and were forced to relocate to North America.
He could not support the king, however, in his decision to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. He opposed the king 's separation from the Catholic Church and refused to take the Oath of Supremacy, which declared the king to be the supreme head of the Church of England. He was then convicted of treason and ordered to be beheaded. His last words were, "I die the king 's
With this push in culture, religion, and education he was challenging Russia and their stereotypically conservative ways. With Russia being so large his reforms were very slowly implemented with many Russian citizens not getting the message right away. The youth of Russia enthusiastically accepted his new western influenced reforms in name of Peter the great and were excited about the changes, but the older traditionalists that were quite common in Russia did not. Many of these traditionalists were older upperclassmen who cared more for religion and tradition that the words of Peter the great. To them Peter was trying to change all of Russia’s traditions and beliefs and they felt threatened by it.
Catholicism and the Ku Klux Klan The early 1900s was a time of change in technology, education, and way of life for the American people. However, with change comes resistance, which was especially seen in Texas with the uprisings of the Ku Klux Klan. The Ku Klux Klan’s hatred went beyond simply that of Negros and settled on people of the Catholic Religion as well. They used propaganda such as books, flyers, and pamphlets in order to get rid of Catholicism, as the KKK considered people of the Catholic faith to be loyal only to the Pope of Rome and not the United States. The KKK struggled and ultimately succeeded in gaining political advantages in order to gain more influence in the United States, as well as to help avoid punishment for their prosecution of the Catholic people and their property.
The people were looking for someone to fix everything, and restore honor to the country. Hitler then convinced the people of Germany that he could do just that, and took power as Chancellor of Germany. He began subjecting those he disliked to intense prejudice and mistreatment. His rise to power began a period of terror for many individuals who practiced Judaism, had disabilities, or were different from his ideal image. The tactic of appeasement was not effective in subduing Hitler’s ambitions, and the other countries of the world could only ignore his inhumanity for so long before launching into another
Some individuals consider Peter as the first bishop of Rome. Jesus tells Peter, “And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it” (Matt 16:39 NIV). The conditions of Christianity were becoming undesirable, and Christian Kings were consistently at war with one another. The early rise of papal power corresponds to the rise of disorder within their society. Papal desired to assert and centralize power in Europe so they could grow in size, scope and power of the church.
For the first time in the Common Era of history, even those struggling in society felt that they had a say in the course of their lives, and the new economic policies of Adam Smith played a large role in developing this freedom. As new capitalists broke from their churches, a new type of religion was formed, called Deism. Deism was a way in which the Enlightenment thinkers convinced all members of society to be free of their church and find a way to retain spirituality while still being able to protest the churches of the time and the corruption found within them. The Enlightenment argued that institutionalized religion rationalized the existence of all-powerful monarchs, and they also believed that priests implanted fear in churchgoers’ minds in order to keep a government in power (Nederman). In response, since the Enlightenment criticized the hypocrisy with which institutionalized religious facilities took control over the people of their religion, many religious groups detested the Enlightenment and its ideas of rationality (“The Enlightenment”).