Ancient battles have existed throughtout ancient history. Historically these battles were due to gaining total power of an empire or fighting for the resources these ancient lands provided the people. They were both located near the Mediterranean sea, allowing both empires to have similar quantity in their empires. These two empires were great and powerful,ut Persian 's empire was stronger than Greece empire because it had a larger skillful military. One example was Cyrus the Great and the Rise of Persia during 550-522 B.C.E. Persia was founded by Cyrus the Great, one of most brillant and powerful king.
Hebrew civilization began in 1792 B.C when a mass of Hebrews departed from Egypt. Hebrews held major religious and moral contributions to future civilizations. Whereas many earlier religions were polytheistic, Hebrew religion was define by monotheism as supported by the third commandment in The Ten Commandments that states “You shall have no other gods before me.” In addition, The Ten Commandments are very different from Hammurabi’s Code in the fact that it did not focus on punishment. It emphasized justice and fairness as displayed in commandments 13-17 declaring “You shall not kill. You shall not commit adultery. You shall not steal. You shall not bear false witness against you neighbor. You shall not covert your neighbor’s house; you shall not cover your neighbor’s wife… or anything that is your neighbor’s.” These commandments are still very present in modern law and society proving that the morals that prohibit murder, adultery, thievery, lying, and etc. are a lasting contribution of The Ten Commandments. Moving on, Persian civilization became significant when one of the Persian kings, Cyrus II, began conquest of the Asia Minor in 550 B.C. Years later, the Persian Empire becomes an immensely dominant and powerful civilization due to its conquests. One of the achievements of the Persians was maintaining a vast empire which would require a vast
The Achaemenid Persian Empire was the first major global empire in history, spanning most of the civilized world and containing 44% of the world’s population at the time, a part that has never since been exceeded. The Persian Empire managed to successfully rule much of the Middle East, Central Asia, and parts of South Asia and Europe for hundreds of years. The empire was founded in 550 B.C.E. by Cyrus the Great, who was known for establishing some of the policies that made his empire successful. For example, he allowed the empire’s mixed population’s cultural and religious freedom. This made revolts infrequent and gave its many nationalities a stake in the empire’s continued existence; the Old Testament declared Cyrus the “Anointed of God.”
The Persian empire came to power with the help of a powerful leader. This powerful leader was known as Cyrus the Great. Cyrus the Great was a very tolerant person and he did not believe in using fear to intimidate his opponents. Cyrus believed in forming an allegiance with the towns that he conquered and being tolerant of their beliefs and lifestyles. Because of his approach, he was able to conquer a vast area during his time of rule. Cyrus the Great was considered one of the greatest conquers of his
The Assyrians are a group of people that came from the northern part of Mesopotamia. Their flat, exposed land made them easy for other people to attack them. The empire lasted from about 850 B.C. to 612 B.C. It is believed that they may have developed their warlike behavior in response to invasions. Through constant warfare, Assyrian kings were able to eventually build an empire that stretched from east and north of the Tigris River all the way to central Egypt. The Assyrians were all in all, a powerful empire
The accounts of the defeat of Babylon from Herodotus and the Cyrus Cylinder are polar opposite, one defeat is through attack while the other is a peaceful take over. Herodotus’ version indicates that Cyrus was led by a need for power, Herodotus writes that after “having subdued the rest of the continent, [Cyrus] turned his attention to Assyria” (78). In Herodotus’ account, after Cyrus spent an entire summer “punishing” a river, he was met with Babylonians awaiting his arrival, and they “attacked him, but they were defeated and forced to retire inside their defences” (83). In order to concur Babylon, Cyrus manipulated Euphrates, allowing his troops to capture the outskirts “without the people in the centre knowing anything about it” (Herodotus 84). Herodotus’ version also states that the people of Babylon were happy before Cyrus invaded the city, they were celebrating during a festival and “continued to dance and enjoy themselves, until they learned the news the hard way” (84). The Cyrus Cylinder, however, indicates that the god Marduk chose Cyrus to replace Nabonidus, the king who “repeatedly did that which was bad for his city” (Kuhrt 71). Cyrus was chosen because of his “good deeds and his righteous heart,” and was led peacefully, without battle, into the city of Babylon
God used the Babylonian empire, under the leadership of King Nebuchadnezzar, to conquer Judah, and lead the Jewish people captive to Babylon during three deportations, 605 B.C., 597 B.C., and 586 B.C. God determined that the Jewish people would remain in captivity for 70 years (cf. Jer. 25:11; 29:10) for failure to adhere to the mandated land Sabbaths that occurred over 490 years (2 Chron. 36:21). When the 70 years were completed, God began His sovereign plan to bring His people back to the Promised Land and commence building the second temple (2 Chron. 36:22-23; Jer. 29:10; Ezra 1).
But in 550 B.C., Cyrus the Great led the Persians to the destruction of the Medes. The Persians won an empire.
In the book “The Education of Cyrus” by Xenophon, Cyrus came to learn an abundance of information throughout his life that benefited him in taking over all of his known world. Much of the knowledge he gained in his youth was important, such as what he was taught in Persia like to be virtuous for the sake of virtue and to benefit the community, as well as what he subsequently learned in Media with his grandfather. Even after his education in his youth he continued to learn and the most important bits of knowledge he gained were outside of his formal teachings when he rode with his father to Media once again to help defend them against the Assyrians. Once they had set off to help defend their ally, Cyrus, nearing the end of his youth, was questioned about many things by his father and was taught important knowledge about warfare and also ruling. In particular, the concepts that he was advised about from his father that contradicted the typical Persian way were of utmost importance. His father specifically told him that, in reference to gaining an advantage over enemies, one must be “a plotter, a dissembler, wily, a cheat, a thief, rapacious, and the sort who takes advantage of his enemies in everything” (X, 54). This is wildly different from everything he was previously taught but it was extremely important towards bettering his warfare and tactics and also served as an important
Due to the release of the two kingdoms the unification of the two Kingdoms was untied once more. Cyrus the Great’s humanity was also recognized in the Persian Empire. Solomon rebuilt homes, sent sacred objects and rebuilt the temple he destroyed for the Jews that were enslaved in Babylonia. This showed that The Persian Empire could be dominant and deadly but, also be humbled and caring. Cyrus the Great also allowed Greek culture to the East. At that time it was unheard of for any kingdom to allow Greek cultures to be performed in the East.
Jews had to leave Israel in the first place because they were forced from their homes by the Roman Empire. When the Jews returned to Israel in 1948, Palestinians were still living there. The return of the Jews was a problem because it caused war to break out between the Arabs and Israelis. Wars between the two are still occurring today.
The Iron Age (1200 – 1 BC) followed the Bronze Age in the three-tiered classification system of ancient civilizations described by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen: the Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age. A thousand years before ancient Greece and the Roman Empire, iron making emerged to change the landscape of civilization. This dark metal changed everything from agriculture to wars and weaponry. In West Africa and Southwestern Asia people realized dark rocks could be shaped into tools and weapons (1500 BC). This same discovery didn 't reach Europe for another 500 years. In the British Isles iron was skillfully used by the famous Celts. Through warfare, they spread iron technology throughout much of the continent. This time period experienced several
Cyrus’ conquest of the Babylonians affected the Jews in exile by allowing them to return to their homeland. Cyrus reversed the policies of the previous king. He did not destroy religious shrines like the Temple during conquests and encouraged the people to rebuild their shrines. He provided funding for the reconstruction and was labeled as the messiah because he delivered the Israelites from their captivity in Babylon. The returning exiles were given money, goods, animals, and offerings (cite book pg.
God made covenants with the Jewish people. The first covenant was between God and Abraham. God chose Abraham to be the father of a group of people that would be special to God. God said Abraham and his descendants must obey God and live their life in a way that shows the world God was the only supreme God. In return God would protect them, help them, and give them the land of Canaan to live. Around 1300 BCE, the Jews were slaves in Egypt, and their leader was the prophet Moses. Then God guided them through this trouble and Moses lead them out of slavery and to the Holy land of Canaan. God gave another covenant when the Jewish people reached Mount Sinai, reinforcing the covenant that God had given to Abraham. God promised again that the Jewish people are his chosen people, and will never give up on them. God told the Jews that they must pledge to serve God forever and obey his rules to make the world a better and holier place. God also gave a set of rules that they have to live by, the 613 Commandments. This covenant was made to all Jews as a whole, and all through Jewish history is their attempts to make the world a good and equal society. The second covenant was the beginning of Judaism as a structured religion. With the directing of God, Jewish became a powerful group with people like David and
From 1500 Through 550 B.C where was the Hittites, Assyrians, and the Persians were established. The Hittites discovered smelting, iron made stronger and more durable tools and weapons, and how the use of horse traveling started. The Assyrians formed militarism, had an empire reach from Persian gulf to the Nile river, and this lead to the first universal empired formed. The Persians spanned countless lands from Persian gulf to Nile river, and started a new language for people.