The stability of Mexicans government had been under done and the political side of there government had been unprepared for international conflicts and wars. As time passed there worse nightmares came true, the war between U.S and Mexico. As for Texas, it becoming or settling as a independent state, in 1845 Texas became the 28th state in the U.S.
Jesús Velasco-Márquez, a modern-day Mexican professor of studies wrote an article in 2006 about the Mexican-American War. He said, “US historians refer to this event as ‘The Mexican-American War’, while in Mexico, we prefer to use the term ‘The U.S. Invasion... From Mexico’s point of view, the annexation of Texas to the United States was inadmissible for both legal and security reasons. ’’’ (Velasco-Márquez, 12). During the time of the independence of Texas, Mexico was ruled by the dictator General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
INTRODUCTION Throughout the 1840s and 1850s a major war happened called the Mexican American War which drastically changed the U.S. and Mexico and lead to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo to be signed and which established the Rio Grande and not the Nueces River as the U.S Border. This also lead to the U.S. annexation of Texas and lead to the Mexico agreeing to sell California and the rest of the territory for 15 million. So you 're probably wondering why the war was fought but you 'll find that out later.
“Texas will again lift its head and stand among the nations’. Says Sam Houston when the fight for Texas independence began (Texas revolution). At the battle of Gonzales on October 1835, Sam Houston played a major role in fighting for independence, he lead the soldiers of Texas through the battles of gaining independence. He is a politician and a soldier, he was born at timber ridge plantation. On March 11th he joined in at the battle of Gonzales.
One of the most significant conflicts little known in history is the Battle of San Jacinto and is considered the most critical dispute of the Texas Revolution (Williams, 2014). On April 21, 1836, General Sam Houston launched a surprise attack against the Mexican army. The event took place near present day Houston, Texas and only lasted a total of eighteen minutes. The Mexican army was led by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. The Texans thoroughly routed the superior Mexican force at the Battle of San Jacinto and captured hundreds of Mexican soldiers including Santa Anna. “In exchange for his freedom, Santa Anna signed a treaty recognizing Texas’ independence” (Battle of San Jacinto, 2015). General Houston and his army were heavly inspired for victory following the massacres at the Alamo and Goliad. Santa Anna lost the Battle of San Jacinto due his previous viciousness, arrogance, and misuse of intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) assets effectively. Had Santa Anna not made these mistakes, the Battle of San Jacinto would have turned out differently and Texas may have not won its independence from Mexico (Wright, n.d.).
The very rapid growth of the colonies made the Mexican leaders very nervous and insecure. Their attempt to protect the territory by stopping immigration into Texas caused a rebellion. This continuous conflict led to revolution and independence. The Law of April 6, 1830, expressed the Mexican policy of stopping the further colonization of Texas by American settlers. The law proposed to make the empresario contracts that had not been finished yet void and prohibited settlement of immigrants in territory next to their native countries.
The Mexican-American War changed the Unites States of America in a monumental way. This war changed The U.S.A.’s relationship with foreign powers and the economic standpoint of the nation. The Mexican- American war, and its strong ties to manifest destiny, shaped the nation in a country bordered by two seas with a chance for common folk and foreigners to have a sustainable life due to the gold rush. The war can also be accounted for the downfall leading to the Civil War over the conflict of slavery due to the land purchased in the wars treaty. Conflict between Mexico and the United States began when Texas, previously part of Mexico, became part of the United States.
Right after the Battle of the Alamo, another battle took place with the Texans and the Mexican Army. It was known as the battle of Goliad. Soon after, Santa Anna got captured by the Texans and was held as a Texan prisoner for about one month. In exchange for his freedom, he signed a treaty recognizing Texas’s
Texas was part of Mexico, with the land being cheap Americans wanted to settle there and when Americans tried claiming it as their own he had to fight back just like anyone would. Americans were trying to take over and they disagreed with his laws therefore he was standing his ground. Later Santa Anna described in a letter that killing defenders of the Alamo was his only option. The letter blamed William Travis on the amount of violence that occurred. He stated that if Travis had not have been so disrespectful towards him that he would have allowed Sam Houston to establish a dominant presence
The Mexican-American war altered the United States environmentally, culturally and politically. First, on February 2, 1848, Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo two years post the beginning of the war. The treaty not only achieved President Polk’s goal to achieve California from Mexico but also granted the U.S. over 500,000 square miles of new territory. The new land caused approximately 90,000 spanish speaking, mostly Catholic Mexicans under American jurisdiction. Second, Nativism, a rising anti-catholic and anti-immigrant deemed the Mexicans inferior.
(colonizing Texas, Pg.5) However before this, there was a settlement of Americans due to a Missouri man Austin, who successfully granted a petition from the Spanish in allowing three-hundred Americans with the excuse of only settleing Texas to to grow cotton and sugar. However it could not happen due to Austin dying in 1821, and Mexico gaining its independence from the Spanish. In that event, Austin 's son approched the now Mexican government to seek his father 's mission in setteling Texas. The now Mexican government granted this petition also, but the Mexicans included conditions; the Mexicans gave Stephen a part of land in Texas where he founded the town of San Felipe De Agustin.
It was April 25, 1846. The Mexican military invaded Texas, a disputed territory. When the U.S. military came to attack, the Mexicans killed 16 Americans. This is one of the many events leading to the Mexican American War. The Mexican-American War was a major war over Mexico’s land.
He also removed some customs duties, but increased them in January of 1835. So while he did employ some of the changes that Texans wanted, he failed to cease the growing dissent Texas had for Mexico. One of the slightly more minor reasons the Texas Revolution happened was because of Mexico’s policy on immigration. The Law of April 6, 1830 made it illegal for anyone from the United States to immigrate to Texas. As you could imagine, this angered the already existing American immigrants, because that meant that they could not bring relatives along so that they could move to Texas as well.
Americans were outraged over the border dispute at the Nueces and the Rio Grande rivers, and Mexicans were irate with America’s annexation of Texas. President James K. Polk availed in the atmosphere of animosity, hurrying to place troops on conflicted land. On May 9, 1846, he found his cause for war. Mexican and American troops had engaged in combat on April 24, which led American blood spilt on contended soil. However, through all their fighting spirit, the Americans faithfully ignored their own mistreatment of the Mexicans.