Why Did The Berlin Wall Fall

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The Berlin Wall falls – the symbolic end of communism in Europe

The reunification of Germany was the ultimate cause of collapse of the Soviet control over Eastern Europe. Prior to 1990, the Berlin Wall created the divide between the East Bloc and the West Bloc. It was built around West Berlin to stop East Germans fleeing the Communist State. The wall was also viewed as a protective shell around East Berlin while the west presented it as a prison wall.The whole of Communist Europe was swept by revolution in 1989, one by one, all the Communist states were overthrown by democracy, and by 1990, this great divide brought the Eastern European countries solidarity and democracy.

On October 3rd, 1990, the world viewed the unfolding of thousands of ecstatic, euphoric and exuberant Germans bringing down the most prominent icon of divide at the heart of Europe—the Berlin Wall. For two generations, the Wall was the powerful depiction of the Iron Curtain. In fact, East German border guards had orders to shoot people trying to defect. But just as the Wall had become a symbol of the division of Europe, its fall came to denote the end of the Cold War.

“Tear down this wall!” was a challenge by President Ronald Reagan in his speech of 1987 to the Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev. Not even the most optimistic spectator would have presumed that three years later, the Soviet control of Eastern Europe would topple like dominoes. By 1990, the first ever free elections were held since
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