William Lyon Mackenzie King, a man of glory, forever changed Canada’s constitution during the tumultuous nineteenth century and resolved all difficulties Canada faced on its way to becoming a strong, independent, and autonomous nation. His contributions and sanctions targeted all factors at the time and had interrelated effects on the construction of Canada. Unlike other Canadian politicians, King handled every crisis with thorough planning and achieved promising outcomes from unsolvable problems. It is without a doubt that King was the most influential figure in Canada’s development. His role in the autonomy, economic development, and social stability stands as solid evidence of the pioneering impacts he had on Canada’s advancement. …show more content…
First, despite his “Five Cents Speech” during the great depression, King did have a clear understanding of the necessary steps to lead Canada out of depression. He believed that offering financial aid to the unemployed would only delay this crisis after which a greater downfall would follow. Using the money to generate job posts seemed to be the most practical solution, however, he never had the chance to implement his idea. Second, after his re-election followed by economic recovery, King promptly developed trade relations with the United States and pushed Canada to become America’s largest supplier of primary goods, such as lumber and wheat. In only a few years, he put an end to Canada’s poverty and instability and drastically increased the employment rate. Last, King considered from the viewpoints of all Canadian business owners as well as consumers and changed the tariff rate to satisfy both populations. After the tariff rate was brought down, Canadian suppliers were able to gain higher revenue while consumers could purchase more goods with the same amount of money. This stimulated the Canadian economy further as transaction became more active. Slowly, the Canadian economy recovered and became more composed under King’s conduct. In conclusion, it was after Mackenzie King took charge of Canada, …show more content…
Firstly, he worked to maintain a unity and peace within the nation. Before becoming the Prime Minister, King resolved labor strikes peacefully and introduced the Industrial Investigation Act during the time he was appointed as the Deputy Minister of Labor. This act allowed a closer inspection of workers’ conditions and aimed to prevent exploitation of workers in the future. Seeing their income secured, Canadian workers had more motivation to work and the community carried on its interactions peacefully. Secondly, in the later stage of Canada’s development, King’s adoption of various programs sought to give Canadians more social security. Around the 1940s, he proposed the “Unemployment Insurance” and founded the reconstruction program to give more credits to the general population and solved their doubt of the occurrence of another depression. Families could receive an allowance to ease their burdens, and they would have a source of money to help them through future unemployment. King's policies gave the Canadian citizens a sense of security, and there was no more fear for the return of economic depression. Lastly, William Lyon Mackenzie King gave dual assurance to the French and English-speaking Canadians by promising them different policies on conscription in the proximate WWII and avoided the
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One of Cartier’s main goals was to unite and promote harmony within all the different groups of people in Canada. In this journey of establishing Canada, he was able to do so by looking at the whole situation when making decisions. This resulted in an unbiased choice that emphasizes equality between all Canadians. In his capacity, Cartier was able to work extensively with the parliament and politicians in both Upper and Lower Canada, where he became known as MacDonald’s ‘Siamese twin’. In his role as part of the main organ of Confederation, for instance when he worked as Acting Prime Minister in MacDonald’s absence, Cartier played key roles securing Rupert’s Land and in drafting the Manitoba and British Columbia Acts.
Mackenzie King like Prime Ministers before him had to balance the needs of Britain with the demands of his citizens. Quebec would be harder to convince after the Conscription Crisis of World War I. So, Mackenzie King had a Canadian solution that would allow Canada to support Britain and appease most Canadians. He would support Britain in a Canadian manner by sending as few Canadians overseas as possible. Mackenzie King signed the Air Training Agreement, on his birthday the 17 December 1939, that would start the British Commonwealth Air Training Program.
Over 4 years, union membership more than doubled. In 1944, the CCF’s passed the farm security act, which protect farmers from foreclosure and repossession of their assets. The most significant innovation he did was introduce Canada’s first universal hospital insurance program, which prompted the federal government to make this national health care. When Douglas stepped down from as a premier to lead the newly formed federal successor to the CCF, the new democratic party of Canada (NDP), the newly elected prime minister John Diefenbaker, decreed in 1958 that any province seeking to introduce a hospital plan would get 50 cents on the dollar from the federal government. By 1966, The liberal minority government of Lester B. Pearson created a program in which the federal
The severe economic conditions of the depression brought down and impacted numerous countries including Canada. When Bennett was running for prime minister he had no idea of the economic disasters that would be approaching and was unable to discover or utilize any effective methods to deal with them. During the 1930 election Robert campaigned to combat the aggressive measures of the great depression and when he was elected for the conservative party he immediately distributed $20 million toward helping the unemployed citizens of Canada. Unfortunately, the depression conveyed and produced many problems that no one was capable of adequately handling. Bennett attempted to strengthen Canadian trade by preferential tariffs, but unfortunately it
For the first two years of the war King played a major role in the new relationship between the two countries. After the events of Pearl Harbour, King was left out the major war discussions. Even though at the end King did not play a large role in the last few years of the war, King set up a relationship that has lasted to the present day. Another example, King gave permission to Britain to use Canada for the land space, and safety from enemies. Also, Canada got the rule over Commonwealth training plan which shows that Britain started to see Canada as an equal; just what King wanted.
“Canada’s road was evolutionary, not revolutionary.” To what extent do you agree with this question? The road to Canada’s independence was evolutionary due to changes and factors such as the formation of the new country, the new leading government and it was mostly made of negotiations to find what will best fit the new country. After the English took over New France, at that time called Lower Canada.
Timothy Chua Candidate Number: Word Count: 3,076 Abstract: To what extent was the Act of Union a positive step towards peace for Canada? The essay introduces a very fresh British North America outlining some causes of the mass immigrants coming in, mentioning Loyalists, and Pioneers arriving from Europe.
Pierre Elliott Trudeau is a significant person in the history of my theme, Canadian politics in relation to the legal system. As the 15th Prime Minister of Canada, he played a huge role in shaping Canada through his political career by upholding a philosophy of Canada united as one through a strong federal government. In the wake of the 1980 referendum win, Trudeau immediately wanted to fulfill the constitutional promise that he made during his campaign. It was he who had the vision of patriating the Constitution, and for the following 18 months this would become his top priority. Being the most reluctant to include an entrenched Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms in the Constitution, he immediately formed a commission to get ideas from
On October 29, 1929, one of the worst economic downfalls in American history began. It became known as The Great Depression. The stock market failed and the economy tanked. At this time, President Hoover was in office. During his presidency, major food shortages and severe unemployment occurred, causing United States citizens to lose all hope.
b) Did he succeed in that? In my opinion, he had a powerful effect on the Americans during these three parts, through his life, after his death, and these days. Firstly, through his life, King started his revolution when he moved to Montgomery. He made a bus boycott when a black woman was arrested, because she refused to give her seat to a white passenger.
In Allan’s Bomb Canada piece it is explored how American rhetoric about the deal leading to Canada’s annexation helped to halt the bill in Canadian parliament, and further assisted in Borden’s victory. Allan shows how many Canadian’s viewed the agreement as a zero-sum game, and they were losing. They believed American influence was to strong and would stifle all attempts of Canadian business to be successful. What the piece and lectures help to highlight is a key aspect of Canadian Identity; Canadians as not Americans. This is a process of distinguishing Canadians from Americans by any means necessary.
Prime Minister Mackenzie King knew that the consequence of this action includes tensions between the English and French Canadians, just as it did in 1917, however it was not as politically damaging. In addition, he knew that a lot of his electoral success came from Quebeckers; specifically, French Canadians. So King introduces a Plebiscite on Conscription.
I had my eyes opened to what I thought about the history of the industrial age and beginning of the work force. The film taught me many things about how much worse the job sites were. One person that was featured throughout the film was William Lyon Mackenzie-King. All his life was influential in Canadian history and unions. My reflection, I would like to discuss the factors throughout his life that made him such a huge part of history.
The Great Depression of 1929 not only hit America severely but also devastated the Canadian economy where had the USA as a main partner of trading. This high interdependency on America brought a huge shock to Canada and her economy was replete of increasing unemployment and poverty. Two governments, here, attempted different approaches to recover the massive aftermath and these can be divided into two phases: Bennett’s government of 1930-5 and King’s of 1935-9. Although they both faced failure from Laissez-Faire, they had made different attempts in terms of unemployment, trade and economy including foreign affairs, and agriculture. Both governments here tried to reduce the unemployment by providing pubic works schemes and relief programmes.
Relief for the unemployed, Recovery of the economy and Reform so there was not another Great Depression. FDR aimed to help the economy recover and to do this, created the New Deal. His far-reaching vision was to put American’s back to work and fix the economic collapse. It created jobs, establishing public work programs and encouraged