Adenosine triphosphate Essays

  • Spinach Leaves Photosynthesis Lab Report

    955 Words  | 4 Pages

    of Oxygen (O2) production through photosynthesis. III) Hypothesis Explanation: when light is absorbed by leaf pigments such as chlorophyll A or B, electrons within each photosystem are boosted to a higher energy level. Leafs then produce Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) to reduce NADPH (ferredoxin), and incorporate Carbon dioxide (CO2) into organic molecules in a process called carbon fixation. When leaves are put in the water and undergo the process of the light-dependent reaction, oxygen is produced

  • Glycolysis Report

    991 Words  | 4 Pages

    2P 2 Pyruvate + 2NADH + 2ATP + 2H20 + 2H+ . Steps one to three is when the energy is invested. Steps four and five involve the glucose splitting into smaller molecules. Steps six to ten is when the energy is released in the form of ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) and NADH (Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide). In step one the enzyme Hexokinase uses the ATP to phosphorylate the glucose. This is an investment of energy. This is a crucuial part for the glucose as it is ready to be released for energy

  • Dynein Motor Protein Research Paper

    1203 Words  | 5 Pages

    proteins; myosin, kinesin and dynein. Dynein is the motor protein to be discussed in detail for this review. Dynein is a large and complex motor protein found in microtubules of cilia and flagella that causes movement due to the conversion of Adenosine Triphosphate(ATP) which is a form of chemical energy to mechanical energy i.e. movement. Due to the large mass of the dynein protein, it has been quite a challenge to explain the function and mechanism of dynein. Through experimentation developments have

  • Bioluminescence In Chemistry

    768 Words  | 4 Pages

    2.1 Chemistry of Bioluminescence Bioluminescence is the production of light as a result of a chemical reaction without the use of heat within a living organism. For bioluminescence to occur usually two substances and a by-product such as oxygen are required. In the majority of bioluminescent reactions, the chemical reaction which leads to bioluminescence is the oxidation of a molecule called luciferin. Luciferin, which is the substrate in this chemical reaction, is the chemical in the reaction which

  • Related Literature About Photosynthesis

    1589 Words  | 7 Pages

    CHAPTER II RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES This chapter presents the review of related literature and studies. Review of Related Literature Photosynthesis is the transformation of sun energy into chemical energy, which plant can actually use. Only plants, or autotrophs, can do this. Autotrophs are simply organisms that can produce their own food. They harness their energy form the sun to carry out photosynthesis (Miller and Levine) However, other things are needed to do photosynthesis as well. Carbon

  • Glycolysis Lab Report

    1084 Words  | 5 Pages

    Glycolysis Introduction • Definition : The process in which two molecules of pyruvate are formed by the metabolism of glucose through series of enzymatic reaction. • Purpose : Glycolysis is involved in the production of adenosine triphosphate (atp) which provide energy to the body [1]. Glycolysis is anaerobic process which is carried out in the cytosol of the cells. Its metabolic steps occur in the absence of oxygen. Because living things first appeared in the environment lacking oxygen , so it

  • Cellular Respiration, Photosynthesis And Respiration And Photosynthesis

    1872 Words  | 8 Pages

    Photosynthesis and Respiration: Cellular respiration and photosynthesis are the two main processes carry out by most living organisms to attain energy. Whereas photosynthesis is performed by most plants that can make their own food, most animals achieve their energy necessities through cellular respiration. Photosynthesis: Light-dependent Reactions and Light-independent Reactions or dark reactions or Calvin Cycle are the stages of chemical reactions during the process of photosynthesis. Light Reactions:

  • Photosynthesis Related Literature Review

    1009 Words  | 5 Pages

    CHAPTER II RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES This chapter presents the review of related literature and studies. Review of Related Literature Photosynthesis is the transformation of sun energy into chemical energy, which plant can actually use. Only plants, or autotrophs, can do this. Autotrophs are simply organisms that can produce their own food. They harness their energy form the sun to carry out photosynthesis (Miller and Levine) However, other things are needed to do photosynthesis as well. Carbon

  • Bioluminescence In Biology

    1438 Words  | 6 Pages

    This chemical reaction can occur either within or outside of the cell. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is involved in most instances. *In bacteria, the expression of genes related to bioluminescence is controlled by an operon called the Lux operon.

  • Essay On Anaerobic Metabolism

    1312 Words  | 6 Pages

    (Miller, 2012). Metabolism can also be referred to as energy expenditure as it includes the building up and breaking down of biological compounds. This is essential in exercise as the constant need for more energy requires the metabolism of Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP), which is the final biochemical carrier of energy. There are three main metabolic pathways to produce energy, the ATP-PCr, Glycolytic, and Oxidative systems (Knuttgen, 2000). The ATP-PCr and Glycolytic systems are both part of anaerobic

  • Essay On Baby Food

    754 Words  | 4 Pages

    When money is tight, you can always create your own baby food. Many baby foods found in stores are safe and convenient, however many contain a lot of sugar, water and starch. Homemade ones have lower amounts and are more natural. Babies don't need to consume solid foods until they are at 4-6 months old. Babies younger than 4-6 months old have not learned how to swallow. If they are given solid foods at any age before 4-6 months, they'll most likely push out the solid food due to the sucking reflex

  • Disadvantages Of Polyploidy Plants

    1020 Words  | 5 Pages

    Introduction Polyploidy is an inherited condition whereby the organism possesses more than 2 complete sets of chromosomes. It is common amongst plants and some fish and amphibians. Advantages of polyploidy include the fact that they are able to use their genes function in other ways that are not necessarily needed in non-polyploidy organisms which allows them to evolve in many different ways. Another way is by disrupting certain self-incompatibility systems, thereby allowing self-fertilization. However

  • Yeast Fermentation Lab Report

    1893 Words  | 8 Pages

    Alcoholic fermentation of yeast depends both on the concentration of substrate and yeast Abstract The glycolytic pathway is thought to have evolved from by chance from independently evolving enzymes. It is now a complex system that is responsible for break-down of glucose and other sugars. The break-down of these sugars enables organisms to harvest stored in them in a form of ATP. The glycolytic pathway produces a net yield of two ATPs. Yeast undergo fermentation and produce ethanol and carbon dioxide

  • Rate Of Catalase In Plant Leaves

    2006 Words  | 9 Pages

    Introduction: Plant leaves contain many enzymes, and the rate of enzyme reaction differs with the concentration of the substrate present. One of the enzymes present in any plant’s leave is catalase. Catalase is an extremely reactive enzymes that do not need cellular reductants, as they usually catalyse a dismutase reaction (Mhamdi, Queval, Chaouch, Vanderauwera, Breusegem & Noctor 2010) One may find out the rate of catalase reaction through placing different plant leaves of the same species in different

  • Chemical Process Of Feermentation: The Chemical Process Of Fermmentation

    1593 Words  | 7 Pages

    Introduction: Chemical Process of Fermentation When an enzyme-catalyzed process occurs in cells it is called fermentation. This happens when large organic molecules, such as glucose, decompose anaerobically. The process that causes fermentation occurs when an agent (yeast) causes an organic substance (fruit) to break up. The fermentation of wine can be seen by the foaming that occurs during the production process of the wine. Therefore, fermentation is a process that converts a carbohydrate, like

  • A Summary Of Fatty Acid Synthesis

    857 Words  | 4 Pages

    A fatty acid contains a long hydrocarbon chain and a carboxylate group. Fatty acid synthesis is a process which only takes place in the cytoplasm of the cell and it consists in producing fatty acids from acetyl-CoA and NADPH. This process requires great amounts of acetyl-CoA, and most of it that is used is formed in mitochondria. The intra-mitochondrial acetyl-CoA initially reacts to form citrate, as the inner mitochondria membrane is impermeable to this compound. Tricarboxylate transport system

  • Essay On Habitable Planet

    739 Words  | 3 Pages

    An habitable planet should have water that is needed for chemical reactions in cells or what we call “chemosynthesis” which an energy is released by inorganic reactions to produce food. In short, Chemosynthesis is literally a fuel of life on Earth. Next is the planet should be near the sun in order to absorb energy for photosynthesis so plants could survive. It should be rocky stable planet that could live up to billions of years and not a very big planet because a big planets don 't last long enough

  • Spinach Photosynthesis Lab Report

    970 Words  | 4 Pages

    Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to see how long it takes for the 10 spinach leaf discs to undergo photosynthesis and thereby rise in the two solutions. Hypothesis: All of the leaf discs in the sodium bicarbonate solution should be floating before the discs in plain water because the bicarbonate is a carbon source that will allow photosynthesis to continue. Background: Light is absorbed by leaf pigments (chlorophyll) which makes electrons within a photosystem moved to a higher energy

  • Three Stages In Cellular Respiration

    744 Words  | 3 Pages

    Cellular respiration There are three stages in cellular respiration: Glycolysis, the Krebs cycle and the electron transport chain. The equation for cellular respiration is: C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O + ATP Glycolysis Glycolysis is multiple reactions that gain energy from glucose by splitting the glucose into 3 carbon molecules (Pyruvates). (Mason et al., 2016) Glycolysis is anaerobic meaning it doesn’t require any oxygen to be carried out. This is because energy can be made through

  • Complex Food

    1776 Words  | 8 Pages

    Presence of glucose, proteins and fats in foods Introduction- Complex foods are eaten on a daily basis, which contain mixtures of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Glucose (also known as dextrose) is one of a group of carbohydrates known as simple sugars or monosaccharides. Glucose has a molecular formula C6H12O2. It is mainly found in fruits and honey and is the main free sugar circulating in the blood of higher animals. Glucose is the source of energy in cell function, and regulation of its metabolism