Number 1 Definition of the price or market mechanism is the interaction of the market forces of demand and supply to reach an equilibrium price and quantity in a market such that any and all supply is sold. In this way the best allocation of limited resources is achieved. Term scarce resource definition is a resource with an available quantity less than its desired use. Scarce resources are also called factors of production. Scarce goods are also termed economic goods.
Outsourcing in Logistics. The global use and importance of logistics outsourcing has increased dramatically in recent decades and will continue to do so. Indeed, a recent study shows that of the total logistics costs in 2005, 57% in Western Europe and 44% in the US headed for logistics outsourcing. For these data, we expect to see growth rates of 18% in Western Europe and 16% in the US in the near future (2008-2010).
Introduction Mergers and Acquisitions form part of corporate restructuring. So does amalgamation, takeovers, spin offs, leveraged buyouts, buyback of shares, capital reorganization, sale of business units and assets etc. Mergers and Acquisitions are the most popular means of corporate restructuring. They have played an important role in the external growth of a number of companies in the world. The basic purpose of corporate restructuring is to enhance the shareholder value.
Literature Review on Fundamental Theories IT outsourcing is a topic that not in short of theories. During the last 3 decades, a large amount of empirical work across the last three decades has been guided by three main categories of theories. Those theory groups further developed into different schools which are the base for analyzing the impacts of outsourcing activities. In this research, empirical work based on three most important theories from economic (Transaction cost theory), strategic (Resource- based theory) and social category( relational/ social theories ) were selected for an in depth discussion. No claims are made that any one theory outperforms others.
Speed Meaning of speed is different for different organization. The basic definition is time passes between a customer asking for a product or service and getting it in a satisfactory manner. Speed is a major parameter for measuring a company’s performance. It reduces the need to manage transformed resources as they pass through the operation and therefore reduces inventory, minimize risk saving cost.
Introduction: This study investigates empirically the relationship between the uses of profit sharing schemes to increase company performance. It uses the control factors that affects company performance to do the analysis. The study analyses by using the dependent variables; profit margin against the dependent variables, Firm size, ownership concentration, age of the firm, the growth of sales, and the scheme. The study establishes that there is a little effect of the size of the firm to the performance of the firm and as this is affected by the life cycles of the products of the firm. Ownership concentration of the firm on the other hand affects the performance to the extent of the voting rights.
ANSWER 1 – Long-run average cost refers to per unit cost incurred by an organization in the production of a desired level of output when all the inputs are variable. The LRAC of an organization can be attained from its short-run average cost curves. Each SRAC curve represents the firm's short-run cost of production when different amounts of capital are used. The shape of the LRAC curve is similar to the SRAC curve while the U-shape of the LRAC is not due to increasing and later diminishing marginal.
There are many key factors to consider before looking at the five forces model for the U.S. auto industry. First, the industry structure is an oligopolistic market in which it is dominated by a small number of manufactures. As of 2017, there were 237 existing car models, with an additional 38 new car models offered in the U.S. Market. 6.3 million Passenger cars were sold to customers. As of 2014, around 260 million vehicles have been registered in the U.S. There is a demand shift from passenger cards to larger vehicles.
Supply chain management as a whole has evolved over the period of time, especially in the recent decades. The entire supply chain management can be divided into two parts such as Operational and Financial. By analyzing their progress, operational activities have progressed leaps and bounds but the financial flows’ status is the same as the world had decades ago. The major challenges as discussed earlier in financial flow management are slow processing of information, costly processes, not so reliable and predictable cash flows generated, lack of optimality in credit decisions etc. All of the above mentioned hurdles keeps the processing costs and WC needs high while keeping revenues on lower side.
Name: Zaidan Fayez Alkeswani Student Uni. Number: 2110147 Supply chain management is a vital decision making in every company, taking into account the customers’ satisfaction and requirements. Nestle’ has considered the “value or quality” of its products as the main factor desired by its customers. So the company designed its own supply chain to ensure having the best quality of its products to maintain the satisfaction of customers regardless of the cost encountered and ensuring giving the growers of coffee a fair deal for their good quality products. Coffee is one of the most products subjected to fair trade, fair trade is a certificate given by specialized organizations such as Fairtrade International and FLO-CERT.
A trade bloc is an agreement where the different states, regions or countries comes together to participate so that the barriers to trade like tariffs and non-tariff barriers are reduced or being eliminated regionally. So they assemble as a group which is in a geographical area and they are recognised as participating states and are able to safeguard themselves from imports from non-members. These trading blocs are a type of economic integration and these blocs help in shaping the way how world trade occurs. Now there are different types of trading blocs which we will discuss further.
What are the benefits of the Single Market? The key element of the Single Market is to pursue the assurance of the free movement of four factors: goods, services, labor, and capital. First of all, the Internal Market for goods creates the achievement of economies of scale as a result of an enormous market of 500 million consumers and 21 million enterprises. Companies, especially large companies can manufacture more cost-efficiently by increasing economies of scale.
Introduction Shipping is one of the essential and fundamental means for transporting any merchandise worldwide. Transport of goods in the shipping industry is segment into three sections – bulk carriers, containers and specialized cargo. The shipping industry is an important key element in the economic growth chain and globalization process, bringing countries closer together. A sustainable and viable shipping industry will improve and enhance the imports and exports in the country. Wilh.
MARKET POWER AND ITS SOURCES, CONJECTURAL VARIATIONS MARKET POWER The ability of a seller to raise its price relative to its rivals to raise its price relative to its rivals without losing all of its sales. Market power explains the concept of Price takers and Price makers. It is the ability of a firm to raise its profit margins.
INTERNAL SCANNING : ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS Core and distinctive competencies Resources are an asset of organization and are thus the basic building blocks of the organization. Its include tangible assets, such as plant, equipment, and location, human assets (the number of employees, their skills and motivation), and intangible assets (such as technology-such as patent and copyright). Capabilities is a corporation’s ability to exploit their available resources.
1. Importance of logistic and supply chain management. Logistics is the goods from the supplier to receive the entity flow process, according to the actual need, transportation, storage, procurement, handling, packaging, circulation processing, distribution, information processing, and other functions for the purpose of conforming customer requirements. Why are they so important? Logistics can reduce the enterprise cost, enhance the competitiveness of enterprises.
Long run cost curves are U-shaped in light of the presence of economies and diseconomies of scale. Economies of scale are the cost advantages that a firm, or a business when all is said in done, acquires by extending production. At the end of the day, they are spoken to by the diminishment in unit costs over the long run as the extent of the firm – the scale – increases. Diseconomies of scale are the inverse: long-run average costs will in the end start to rise when the measure of the firm turns out to be too much expansive. The most evident reason is that as organizations increment in size they turn out to be harder to control and co-ordinate.
Q1. Long run cost structure of a firm is influenced by many factors, some of which are beyond the control of a manager of firm. Discuss why the long run average cost curve is U-shaped by bringing about the importance of scale economies and diseconomies. (10 Marks) Ans: Long Run Average Cost: • long run average cost refers to per unit cost incurred by a firm in the production of desired level of output when all the inputs are variable.
iii. Value Management Achieving operational integration with suppliers creates the opportunity for the value management. Value management is more intense than supplier integration strategy. Value engineering, complexity reduction and supplier involvement at the early stages of new product development are few ways of procurement that can work with suppliers to reduce total costs. Value management extends beyond procurement in the organisation and requires cooperation between numerous participants, both internal and external.