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Fingerprint Essays

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    To law enforcement agencies, latent fingerprint evidence is critically important in identifying suspects, due to the unquestionable uniqueness of fingerprints that remain unchanged throughout a person’s lifetime (Holder, Robinson & Laub, 2011). Latent prints are inadvertently left behind on the surface of objects that we come into contact with. Little is known about the specific chemical makeup of latent fingerprint residue, however research has shown that sebaceous secretions, eccrine sweat and

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    Fingerprints are taken as the important measure for uniquely identifying a person. In general there are four types of representations schemes which are used to represent a fingerprint. They are phase image, grayscale image, minutiae image and skeleton image. Among these minutiae templates are safer to be stored in database because they lose many features of original fingerprint, so they cannot be misused. Our project deals with reconstruction of fingerprint image efficiently from minutiae templates

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    Fingerprint recognition refers to the automated process of verifying a match between human fingerprints. Fingerprints are one of the types of biometrics used for identifying individuals and verify their identity. The analysis and study of fingerprints for matching generally requires the comparison of several features of the fingerprint pattern. These include patterns, which are characteristics of ridges and minutia points, which are unique features found within the fingerprint patterns. It is

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    Fingerprints, every person has them. As of today, we know that no two people have the same fingerprints. What most people do not know is that the use of fingerprints as a means of identification has been around for thousands of years.¹ Fingerprints have been used for signing official documents in China during the Han Dynasty as early as 200 B.C. and in Japan as early as 702 A.D.¹⁻² Why are fingerprints so important? Fingerprints are unique to every individual person and we can use them to find criminals

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    Pattern Evidence Analysis

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    pattern. It can also be classified as the additional identifiable information from markings produced when two objects come into contact with each other. (The National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2013) Examples of pattern evidence include fingerprints, shoeprints, tire threads, firearms and bloodstains. Pattern analysis such as analysing of handwriting are also part of pattern evidence. The analysis of pattern evidence is a useful tool and has always been used in the field of forensic science

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    Lizzie Borden Trial

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    required for many other occupations and organizations. When it comes time to match a fingerprint with an individual, it is quite easy due to the wide library of fingerprints the FBI maintains. This library contains the fingerprints of “more than 10%” of the U.S. population. For smaller cases, law enforcement are given access to this library directly from a police station ("Forensic Science" [Gale] 18). Fingerprints are a significant form of forensic evidence because they define an individual. Every

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    Evidence used in Karen Cranky Murder Case Forensic Evidence is the analysis of chemical evidence, which can be used as vital evidence in a crime investigation. The principles of forensics involve the Locard’s Exchange Principle, which is that a criminal will bring something and take something from the crime scene which can be used as forensic evidence. Forensic evidence is usually examined by a forensic orthodontist There are two types of forensic evidence used in the Karen Cranky Murder Case which

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    Forensic Team Analysis

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    scenes and identifying victims are goals of Forensic Science teams. Therefore, as a member of a Forensic Science team, the anthropologist play an important role in the team because of the technological skills of rebuilding faces or determining fingerprints to help the team in Disaster Victim Identification (DVI). As a result , the anthropologist is one of the most important member of Forensic Science team. As for the techniques, anthropologist can use some tradition ways to Identify the unknown

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    The course that I am studying in GMIT is Forensic Science and Analysis. Forensic science refers to the scientific methods and processes that are used in solving crimes. Mathematics is critical in science and often goes hand in hand with it as mathematics can assist scientists in forming concepts and theories. Without mathematics there would be no formulas in science and it would make the work of scientists significantly harder. Mathematics has contributed significantly over the years to the development

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    Blood Spatter

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    Forensic scientists and investigators can employ numerous forensic techniques to help solve this crime. These can include using biological examination in terms of detecting and identifying bloodstain pattern analysis, analyse ballistics and fingerprints. Guns are known to produce a distinct bloodstain pattern, which is the High-Velocity Impact Spatter where tiny droplets are caused by blood travelling at high speeds. By using this knowledge that investigators have about guns, they can track down

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    The five factors associated with wrongful convictions are as follows, adversarial process, eyewitness identification, forensic evidence misconduct/ error, interrogation and confessions, and informants/ jailhouse snitches. The adversarial process relies on the skills and resources of the defense and prosecution. Eyewitness identification includes evidence from a witness who has seen the event and can pick out a perpetrator. Forensic evidence misconduct/ error involves forensic evidence that has been

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    Forensic Science Myths

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    convicted and sentenced to 55 years in prison. After the conviction an attorney who believed that Canen was innocent took on the case. Cara Wieneke, who was the attorney that took on her case, hired an independent expert to conduct an analysis of the fingerprint. This expert told Wieneke that based on her analysis Canen was excluded. But according to Wieneke the prosecutor refused a request to have the state crime lab re-analyze the print. Canen was then granted an evidentiary hearing and her expert prepared

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    the Paris Police Department. He believed that certain skeletal features and physical traits could help identify individuals. Bertillion would use several photographs of individuals to help aid the identification process. Another use was that of fingerprints which was first used by William

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    a specialty in criminology, pathology and biology would be called to deal with this situation. The scientists have to examine the body to determine if the cause of the death was natural or not. After that they would either examine the body for fingerprints or wounds, or check if the person had any health problems in the past. The forensic scientists would apply the principle of blood spatter analysis. Blood spatter analysis is the interpretation of bloodstains at a crime scene in order to recreate

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    Blood Spatter Analysis

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    What influence does the height at which simulated blood is dropped have on the size of the blood spatter? Police use many different scientific techniques to solve crimes such a murder cases. They dust for fingerprints, use special lights to look for blood, use chemicals to find out what mysterious substances are, and sample DNA. And in addition to figuring out who did it, they have to figure out how he did it. And to do that, they often use a technique called blood spatter analysis. Blood is

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    When a crime is committed there are multiple ways investigators can gather their evidence. Testimonies, direct evidence, circumstantial, and even physical evidence; theses are all different yet effective types of evidence investigators can use. Although none of these methods are incorrect ways of collecting evidence, in “Forensic: Evidence, Clues, and Investigation” by Andrea Campbell, she states that forensic evidence is the most important and useful. Forensic evidence and physical evidence are

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    Forensic Science History

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    forensic science as that case was built and won entirely on the basis of forensic evidence found near the body and also at the victim’s house. Also the famous case of the night stalker was solved and the accused was identified all on the basis of one fingerprint. In India too, there was a landmark case where the in-law’s of the victim had been found guilty due to the blood analysis and footprint at the scene of

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    TODAY, in metropolitan public transport stations, authentication or verification using conventional technologies is practically infeasible. In such type of applications, biometric authentication methods are more attractive. Biomechanics research (e.g. gait analysis, sport or rehabilitation biomechanics, motor control studies) often involves measuring different signals such as kinematics, forces, and EMG. Gait is defined as “a manner of walking” in the Webster Collegiate Dictionary. The extend definition

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    evidence which gets sent to the LA crime lab, were they have more equipment to process the evidence. They only had a handful of employees who had one area they worked on and they solely work in that area. Each person in the lab had to be able to lift fingerprints, and collect evidence. But, then they only focus on one part of the evidence. It was also surprise how small, the lab was and the location of

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    Type Of Forensic Evidence

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    OF MALTA Advanced Forensic Medicine PAT 5751 Ramon Bonett Sladden 402291M   Assignment title set by Mr John C. Ellul. Forensic science plays a very important role in establishing the truth. Choose one type of physical evidence such as fingerprints, shoe marks, blood, et cetera. Your assignment has to be in four parts: 1. Define the chosen type of evidence. (600 words) 2. Research the historical development of this type of evidence. (750 words) 3. Explain its evidential value - specific characteristics

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