Leon Festinger Essays

  • Leon Festinger's Social Comparison Theory Essay

    907 Words  | 4 Pages

    Leon Festinger was an American social psychologist who is known for two theories; cognitive dissonance and social comparison theory. He was born on May 8, 1919, in New York City to parents Alex and Sara Festinger. Festinger’s father left Russia an atheist and never changed when he settled. His father’s personality had some influence on him since many of Festinger peers would have described him as an aggressive yet a critic child (Gazzaniga, 2006). While in New York City, he attended Boys ' High School

  • A Theory Of Cognitive Dissonance Theory By Leon Festinger

    709 Words  | 3 Pages

    Cognitive Dissonance Theory was developed by social psychologist Leon Festinger. The theory was first introduced in his 1957 book A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance and further elaborated in the article Cognitive Consequences of Forced Compliance (Festinger and Carlsmith, 1959). Cognitive Dissonance refers to the discomfort that is felt when a person has two beliefs that conflict with each other, or when they are engaging in a behavior that conflicts with their values. The theory proposes that this

  • Attachment And Resilience

    1753 Words  | 8 Pages

    RUNNING HEAD: ATTACHMENT AND RESILIENCY Attachment and Resiliency Relationship among University Students in Turkey Dilara Özel Middle East Technical University Table of Contents 1. Introduction 1.1.Introduction to the Problem 1.2.Statement of the Problem 1.2.1.Hypothesis 1.2.2.Research Questions 1.3.Purpose of the Study 1.4.Significance of the Study 1.5.Definition of Concepts and Terms used in the study 2. Literature Review 3. Methodology 3.1. Research Design

  • Film Analysis: Swan Girl

    1181 Words  | 5 Pages

    In the film, the audience learns that Nina didn’t enjoy ballet as a young girl. Her mother asks her “Remember when you first started? If I hadn't taken you to each of your classes you would have been completely lost”. This raises the question around whether Nina choose a career in ballet in order to gain the approval and affection of her mother, or if, by becoming a ballerina, Nina was making choices based on the actualising tendency based her innate talents and abilities. When Nina is chosen for

  • Vagueness Research Paper

    767 Words  | 4 Pages

    Vagueness When a definition is vague it has no specific meaning for the intended audience. Happiness is a continuation of happenings which are not resisted. To think is to practice brain chemistry. A person is a pattern of behavior, of a larger awareness. Notice that none of these definitions give us any clarity as to what the defined term actually means. If you were an outer-space alien and asked for a definition of "happiness", "thinking", and a "person", your knowledge would not in anyway

  • Meanness In Mitch Albom's Tuesdays With Morrie

    1255 Words  | 6 Pages

    In society, people are mean. Although the great majority of people are probably selfless and kind… it seems the small minority of cruel and angry people in this world are much louder than the quiet majority. The reasons and motives of this angry group vary greatly. This topic of anger and meanness comes up in Mitch Albom’s book, Tuesdays With Morrie. In the novel, the author spends much time with a dying man named Morrie Schwartz. Morrie, being the old, dying man he is, has a lot of experience about

  • Advantages Of Ethnography

    760 Words  | 4 Pages

    Ethnography studies the customs of a particular culture. For those who study culture, one popular research method is the participant observation method. Participant observation is a method used in ethnography. The goal of participant observation is to learn a culture through close interaction and personal observation with a particular group of individuals. To have close interaction with the group, the researcher will take the role of a “player” in the group. As a “player” they live in the community

  • Animal Abuse In Life Of Pi

    904 Words  | 4 Pages

    The only gain that the animals earned from the use of violence was negative human attributes, which led to the collapse of their utopic society. Napoleon’s use of authoritarian tactics to govern the farm demonstrates how humans have the potential to become brutal and hurt others to acquire and protect their privileges. Such a behavior undermines and hinders the preservation of a utopic society. In Life of Pi, Pi begins Chapter 8 with a statement: “[...] the most dangerous animal in a zoo is Man

  • George Orwell's Animal Farm: A Dystopian Society?

    1139 Words  | 5 Pages

    Animal Farm, A Dystopian Society Dystopian societies involve bloodshed, espionage, and countless tragedies among the citizens of the society. The goal of creating a successful society is very difficult to accomplish due to the amount of criteria a society must meet to become successful. A utopia is a society where everything is perfect and everyone is happy, while a dystopia is a society where everyone is under complete control and the government is often conniving. Animal farm can be portrayed as

  • Totalitarianism And Symbolism In George Orwell's Animal Farm

    1415 Words  | 6 Pages

    The history of humankind reveals the cyclical flaws embodied in an individual’s nature. These occurrences are depicted in literature, through which we subjectively compare the zeitgeist of different eras. Authors often characterize the human ethos as the plot of the story, as which can be most prevalently noted through George Orwell’s Animal Farm, where he expressed his dissatisfaction for the Soviet Union’s abuse of the Marxist theory. The novel serves as a satirical piece relaying the Bolshevik

  • Leon Trotsky's Contribution To The Bolshevik Revolution

    1645 Words  | 7 Pages

    Significance during this period of social and governmental turbulence was Leon Trotsky whose ideologies and leadership were pivotal factors in the successful fortification of communism in Soviet Russia during 1917 to 1928. I will be keenly and succinctly assessing the contribution of Leon Trotsky to the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution and arrive at a measured conclusion whether his contributions were significant or extraneous. Leon Trotsky was a man of vast erudition and possessed keen leadership and organizational

  • Power Corrupts In Animal Farm, By George Orwell

    1354 Words  | 6 Pages

    “Animal Farm” by George Orwell, is a story to show how absolute power corrupts, just as Stalin’s power did during the Russian Revolution in 1917. In the allegory “Animal Farm” each character represents a political figure from the days around the Russian Revolution. For example, Joseph Stalin is represented by a pig named Napoleon, Squealer, another pig, represents Stalin’s propaganda department, and the dogs represent the Secret Police (KBG). Using the nine dogs that Napoleon raises (intimidation)

  • Vladimir Lenin's Animal Farm And The Russian Revolution

    966 Words  | 4 Pages

    The book Animal Farm is an allegory which corresponds to the Russian Revolution. In the book, the animals take over the farm and run the humans off of the property. They are tired of being treated cruelly and decide to take things into their own matters. This is where “war” between animal and man start. The Russian Revolution had much in common with this but also has its differences. During the Russian Revolution, Vladimir Lenin was obligated for changing Russia into the Soviet Union just as old

  • Farm As An Allegory In George Orwell's Animal Farm

    839 Words  | 4 Pages

    George Orwell 's story Animal Farm is written in the form of an allegory. This story is an allegory because George Orwell uses the animals as symbolic figures to represent humans and the farm as a representation for a world war. He also uses the events that happened in Russia at that time to represent the communist rule of the Soviet Union. In Animal Farm, Orwell uses Old Major, an old pig, to be a teacher to all the other animals on the farm to help them learn how to exist in a world where animals

  • The Importance Of Power In George Orwell's Animal Farm

    1057 Words  | 5 Pages

    Power can have the persuasive action in undoing the moral ethics of one’s character. This can be seen throughout history with the Russian Revolution and can also be proven by the actions of Napoleon in the allegory, Animal Farm, by George Orwell. As Lord Acton said “Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely.” In history what was viewed as a villain, is never the same as the perception. A leader does not begin wanting to do wrong, they start with the best intentions, but power

  • Animal Farm Literary Analysis

    816 Words  | 4 Pages

    Often times in a communist society, a leader’s use of language can lead to abuse of power. In George Orwell’s Animal Farm, the farm leaders, the pigs, use unknown language, invoke scare tactics, and create specific laws, thereby enabling them to control other animals, to suit their greedy desires, and to perform actions outside their realm of power. Because of the pigs’ use of broad language, implementation of scare tactics, and creation and manipulation of laws, they are able to get away with avoiding

  • Examples Of Allegory In Animal Farm

    1217 Words  | 5 Pages

    A world where communism becomes animalism, and pigs become human. Animal Farm, a classic novel written by George Orwell, revolves around Manor Farm, a land that has been poorly managed by Farmer Jones. Humans roamed the terrains, marking their dominance over the animals. However, a single pig named Major declared that animals demand equality. Which, began the revolution. The farm is overthrown, taken over by animals, and renamed Animal farm. In the story Animal Farm, George Orwell uses allegory,

  • Animal Farm Vs Russian Revolution

    1049 Words  | 5 Pages

    The allegory, Animal Farm compares the Russian Revolution in an understanding way to a typical farm life. The main idea in both pieces was to undertake a revolution to see change within freedom, instead it happened to just be the tyrants. In the Russian Revolution the czar was overthrown and only replaced by Stalin who remained a brutal and harsh leader to citizens. In comparison with Animal Farm; the abusive owner Jones, was overthrown by the “mighty” pig Napoleon who became harsh to the other

  • Communism In George Orwell's Animal Farm

    771 Words  | 4 Pages

    “Comrades! You do not imagine, I hope, that we pigs are doing this in selfishness and privilege.” Squealer is trying to tell the animals that the pigs are sacrificing themselves by eating apples and drinking milk in order to manage the farm in the Animal Farm. Animal Farm is a fictional novella that exposes the flaws in Communism in Russia. There were two revolutions that happened in Russia in 1917. The first revolution defeated the Russian Monarchy, and second established the first communist state

  • Stalin's Victory Analysis

    847 Words  | 4 Pages

    Victory is often won due to the opponent’s failings than on one’s own merit. Dictators often give themselves much of the credit for various achievements. In the height of his cult of personality, Stalin was presented in books and propaganda as the unquestionable savior and hero of Russia and the Soviet Union, as he led the Bolsheviks to victory in the Civil War. Mao Zedong and the CCP taught the story that Mao Zedong mobilized and led the people of China to smashing victory against the Nationalists