Pharmacology Essays

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    Pharmacology Assignment Genita Balkissoon Delsym/ Dextromethorphan: I think the trade name was used to appeal to the parent and child. It is easier to say than the generic name. Rtional /Purpose : Delsym is used For relief of coughs for chronic nonproductive cough. Age Range: According to the manufactures label, For Children 12 Years of Age and Over: 10 ml every 12 hours, and should not to exceed 20 ml in 24 hours. For Children 6 to Under 12 Years of Age: 5 ml every 12 hours, and should

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    Addiction Pharmacology “Neuroscience reveals some of the most important conditions that are necessary for behaviour and awareness” Taills R. Evaluate this statement in relation to addiction looking specifically at psychostimulants. Ajomon Joseph The neurobiology of addiction Introduction Neuroscience is started to reveal the neurochemical changes that occur within particular functional regions of the brain that are responsible for the behaviour in addiction, so neuroscience and

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    Pharmacology Case Study

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    Pharmacology Assignment Week 4 Marty Smith is a 67-year-old male who has called 911 after experiencing chest pain and dizziness. The paramedics arrive and notice a bottle of nitroglycerin on the table. The patient states he has angina and is to take the medication as needed for chest pain. He took one pill an hour ago and a second pill 10 minutes prior to calling 911. Prior to this evening’s chest pain, he ate at a buffet and consumed 4 whiskey drinks. His ECG is not indicative of a myocardial infarction

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    Pharmacology Self Reflections Neida Blondet Frontier Nursing University Prescribing medications to patients is a part of the advanced practice registered nurse’s (ARNP) role. As I started Advanced Pharmacology a few short eleven weeks ago, I did not realize how much more there was to that “simple” task. As I reflect on my journey through Advanced Pharmacology, I will share with you a few important facts about my journey, such as how my expectations of prescribing changed, any ah ha moments I

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    rational prescribing: an international perspective. Br J clin Pharmacy. 1995;39:1-6 2. Richir MC, Tichelaar J, Geijteman EC, de Vries TP. Teaching clinical pharmacology and therapeutics with an emphasis on the therapeutic reasoning of undergraduate medical students. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2008;64(2):217–224 3. de Vries TP. Presenting clinical pharmacology and therapeutics: a problem based approach for choosing and prescribing drugs. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1993; 35(6):581–586 4.Denig P, Haaijer-Ruskamp FM

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    When the text is examined, in the nineteenth century the medical profession grew in a more progressive manner. First, Morphine was discovered to help alleviate pain and the development of the syringe, which gave doctors the ability to administer medications at a faster rate. Additionally, Cocaine, which was derived from the coca leaves in South America was used liberally and added to many products already used by consumers. A few examples are Coca-Cola and cold medicines (Levinthal, 2012). Furthermore

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    Exenatide Research Paper

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    EXENATIDE Pharmacology Exenatide is a synthetic form of naturally occurring peptide Exendin-4 in Gila monster 16. It has 50% of sequence homology with native GLP-1 with the substitution of amino acid Arg with Gly at 2nd position, which provides resistance against DPP-4 and a half life of ~2-4hr. It is administered 60min before breakfast and dinner, with a predominant effect of reduction in PPG (Postprandial glucose) 17. Exenatide is rapidly absorbed following subcutaneous administration and eliminated

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    Rhubarb Study

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    researchers will discuss the observed effects of Rhubarb on plants. Within the study, if Rhubarb has good effects on plants, Rhubarb can be an effective fertilizer since only a few people use it as a medicine because of the new technology today. A. Pharmacology of Rhubarb There was another study wherein they were able to cite the effects of rhubarb extract on lungs (renal fibrosis). In this study, they experimented on rats submitted to subtotal nephrectomy. And they were able to obtain results which Rhubarb

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    pharmacologist was known as the father of western pharmacology. He wrote a book called De Materia Medica which had a different way of classifying substances. The book was extensive and well laid out that it was used for many centuries. The last significant

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    Physician Assistant

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    A Physician Assistant is a health awareness proficient who should authorize practice pharmaceutical as a major aspect of a group with doctors. Physician Assistant are concerned with forestalling and treating human sickness and damage by giving a wide scope of medicinal services benefits under the supervision of doctor or specialist. They lead physical exams, diagnose and treat sicknesses, request and decipher tests, create treatment arrangements, perform techniques, recommend solutions, guide on

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    Soma to ensure happiness. The drug is a symbol of the powerful influence of science and technology. Uses as a metaphor in the novel, Soma’s effects on society remove individual freedoms and promotes social stability. The story doesn’t explain the pharmacology of Soma; however, it seems to be a mix of a narcotic and a hallucinogenic drug. Today, it is ironic that there is now a drug called "Soma" which is a muscle-relaxant on the market in the United States. In 1996, it was thought to be non-addictive

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    Celebrex Research Paper

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    Pharmacology: Celebrex Yiu Wing Man, Vanessa (13000332) Celebrex: A powerful painkiller Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition where breaking down the cartilage,causing stiffness, pain and loss of the joint movement. Celebrex (Celecoxib) is non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) which is prescribed to treat inflammation and pain. It is most typically used for treatment of acute pain and osteoarthritis to relief the symptoms and signs. People chose Celebrex rather than others for the same purpose

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    Tritace Case Study

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    1.0 Introduction Tritace is an Angiotensin-Converting-Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor. It is used to treat hypertension, heart failure, stroke, myocardial infarction and diabetes. Its generic name is Ramipril. Other brand names include Altace, Cardace, Ramiril and Ramacor. Some examples of other ACE Inhibitors are Enalapril, Quinapril, Captopril and Lisinopril. The oral bioavailability of Tritace is 55%. The absorption is not significantly affected by food and the duration of action is 24 hours (Drugs.com

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    Devil's Claw

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    supplements. The use is not intended to overall cure; however, the use is simply as a means to help the problem or to prevent anything serious from occurring. Devil’s Claw is not a much known supplement; nonetheless, the use of it is beneficial. The pharmacology behind this supplement is at times broad and at time

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    Salbutamol

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    Basic pharmacology of agent used in the treatment of asthma Pharmacodynamics about Salbutamol (INN) or albuterol (USAN), a moderately selective beta (2)-receptor agonist similar in structure to terbutaline, is widely used as a bronchodilator to manage asthma and other chronic obstructive airway diseases. The R-isomer, levalbuterol, is responsible for bronchodilation while the S-isomer increases bronchial reactivity. The R-enantiomer is sold in its pure form as Levalbuterol. The manufacturer of levalbuterol

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    Dexmedetomidine

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    PHARMACOLOGY OF DEXMEDETOMIDINE Dexmedetomidine HCl, an imidazole compound is the pharmacologically active s-enantiomer of medetomidine, a veterinary anaesthetic agent. It is described chemically as (+)-4-(s)[2 3 –(dimethylphenyl) ethyl]-11 H-imidazole monohyrochloride. Its empirical formula is C13H16N2HCl and its molecular weight is 236.7(57). Figure 4 : Structure of Dexmedetomidine PHYSIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES A white or almost white powder that is freely soluble in water with

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    Allopregnanolone Analysis

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    Designing a Therapeutic Dosing Regimen for a Novel Potential Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease Allopregnanolone is a metabolite of progesterone and a naturally occurring steroid hormone, which acts as a positive allosteric modulator on the GABAA receptor, producing anaesthetic, anxiolytic and sedative effects. The notable exception to this appears to be in the brains of adolescents, where it acts as a GABAA antagonist, causing mood swings. (National Center for Biotechnology Information, n.d.) It

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    A Summary Of Febuxostat

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    3.Pharmacology 3.1.Mechanism of action Febuxostat is a non purine compound and selective inhibitor of xanthine oxidase that has been developed for the treatment of hyperurecemia and gout. It has been found to have inhibitory activity for xanthine oxidase(XO)/xanthine dehydrogenase(XDH) during evaluation of a range of newly synthesized molecules. In humans, the xanthine oxidoreductase enzyme(XOR) catalyzes the last 2 steps in uric acid synthesis,the oxidation of hypoxanthine to xanthine and xanthine

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    Salbutamol undergoes considerable presystemic metabolism in the intestinal mucosa (sulphation) and hepatic conjugation to form an inactive metabolite that is excreted in the urine. Most (approximately 90%) of the dose administered by aerosol is swallowed, but the 10–15% which is inhaled largely remains as free drug in the airways. The plasma elimination half-life (t1/2) is two to four hours. Salmeterol is long acting, with a duration of action of at least 12 hours, allowing twice daily administration

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    Nexium Research Paper

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    BACKGROUND Nexium is manufactured by AstraZeneca and was first approved by the FDA in February of 2001 in the form of delayed-release capsules for treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Esomeprazole is in a class of drugs known as proton pump inhibitors (PPI). These work by decreasing the amount of acid that the stomach produces.i Proton pump inhibitors are a very popular class of drugs that have accumulated billions of dollars in sales. Nexium was ranked the number one brand name prescription

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