Later, he attended the University of Chicago, where he was awarded an A.B. and A.M. in 1908. He was a member of the first black professional fraternity Sigma Pi Phi and a member of Omega Psi Phi.  He completed his PhD in history at Harvard University in 1912, where he was the second African American (after W.E.B. Du Bois) to earn a doctorate.
Williams is one of two founders of Black and Third World Mathematicians, which in 1971 became The National Association of Mathematicians. Dr. Williams founded The Committee for African American Researchers in the Mathematical Science in 1997. In 1971, he was chosen to be Assistant Professor of Mathematics at State University of New York and in 1985 was promoted to full professor at the University. In 2004, he was selected to be one of the so most important blacks, in Research Science by Science Spectrum Magazine and Cancer Communications Group. Scott W. Williams earned his Masters of Science in Mathematics from Lehigh University, in 1967, and in 1969, he earned his Ph.D. Scott W. Williams did a lot of other things also in his career.
Thomas Clarkson was an abolitionist and a leading activist against the slave trade and slavery in Britain. Clarkson was born on the 28th of March, 1760 in Cambridgeshire, England. He was the son of a priest, who also worked in a local school. Later, in 1779, Thomas attended Cambridge University, where he won a competition with the subject; whether it was right to enslave men and women and put them against their will. After this event, Thomas was strongly driven to end slavery until the day he died.
His mother worked as a maid and his father was a carpenter before becoming a minister. Unfortunately, his mother died before he was one year old. He graduated from Booker T. Washington H.S. as valedictorian in 1938. He went on to Fisk University, a historic black school in Nashville, Tennessee.
He taught at Harvard until his retirement in 1971, and then in the UK. He also worked on Letters and occupied important positions advisor. His most important works are Kons (Joseph Schumpeter, 1883-1950) Democracy | Marxism | New Age |
The profound effects of Progressivism had done little for African Americans, with very few that managed to gain a foothold by services and products to the black community. Especially in the South, where racism was much more prominent, and where many more white Americans possessed the ideology that blacks were inferior to whites. W.E.B. Du Bois was the very first African American to receive a PhD, and he published several books and essays, describing in great detail the numerous hurdles they were presented with. In his own journal, The Crisis, he displays an example after World War I, explaining the lack of recognition African Americans received for fighting “gladly and to the last drop of blood; for America and her highest ideals” (Document I).
The white man’s happiness cannot be purchased by the black man’s misery.” Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, or better known as Frederick Douglass, was an African-American who supported the abolition of slavery in the nineteenth century. Slave-born of an unknown father, Frederick Douglass taught himself how to write and read- even though it was a crime for black people to learn- and became one of the most eloquent orator, and writer during the nineteenth century. With his great passion of wanting to demolish slavery, he gained thousands and thousands of black people, and even white people, who supported him in the abolition of slavery. His antislavery not only reached the United States, but even Great Britain. Abandoned first by his mother and then by his grandmother, then passing through very
MLK ESSAY Martin Luther King Jr was not just an African-American, he was a man against racism. As a kid his best friend was taken from him because of his race. Blacks had less authority than the whites. Also in the Declaration of Independence it states that “ We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal”. Blacks obviously were not treated equally.
Racism has always been a popular topic throughout the course of American history. It may be arguable that African Americans have gained the equality they have fought for, and in more extreme cases, died for. Richard Wright was born after the Civil War, but before the Civil Rights Movement. If he were writing an autobiography today, in 2016, about a black boy growing up in the United States, he would write about the mass incarceration of black men, the discrepancy faced by African Americans with a college degree compared to the whites without, and the difference in wage distribution between white Americans and African Americans. If Richard were to write his autobiography today, he would mention the harsher penalties given to black people compared
Rosa Parks The Civil Right Movement was the African-American way of fighting for equality to the whites and it was supposed to be a nonviolent way to protest. Khan academy stated that “After the Civil War, during the period known as Reconstruction, the passage of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments established a legal foundation for the political equality of African Americans. Despite the abolition of slavery and legal gains for African Americans, racial segregation known as Jim Crow arose in the South”. Jim Crow law meant that African American could not be at the same place as the white people. Even after slavery was over people of colored were still being treated unequal to the white people, they did not have the same benefits and rights that the white people had.