Introduction Alka-Seltzer has been on the market since 1931 and has helped to relieve indigestion and upset stomach. The tablets began to fizz and bubble when dropped into water. “The fizziness happens when baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and citric acid react chemically in water. They yield sodium citrate, water and carbon dioxide gas, which causes bubbles.” Based on this information, we will measure the reaction time of AlKa- Seltzer dissolved in 200 ml of water at 3 different tempertures in the first portion of this experiment. In the second portion of this experiment we will keep the temperature constant and divide the ½ tablet of Alka- Seltzer into 2 pieces ,3 pieces and an unbroken ½ tablet. It is my belief that Alka-Seltzer …show more content…
Identify the independent Variable Size of the tablet Identify the dependent Variable Reaction time List the controlled variables The solution (water), temperature, volume of water (200 mls) The amount of Alka- Seltzer How will the dependent variables be measured A stop watch will be started as the pieces of Alka-Seltzer are dropped into 200ml of room temperture water Describe the expected results if the hypothesis is true The 3 smaller pieces of Alka Seltzer will dissolve quicker than the ½ tablet . Data Table 2 dRun No. Cup Temp (*C) Time (sec.) observations ½ tab 17.9 55.30 1 ½ tab divided in 2 pc. 19.5 49.37 The pieces of alka-seltzer were drawn to each other in the cup ½ tab divided n 3 pc. 20.8 37.24 The pieces of alka-seltzer were drawn to each other in the cup ½ tab 19.4 52.01 2 ½ tab divided in 2 pc 19.5 49.5 ½ tab divided in3 pc 21.4 37.11 ½ tab 19.5 53.22 3 ½ tab divided in 2 pc 19.6 48.41 ½ tab divided in 3 pc 20.6 37.30 AVG ½ tab 18.9 53.51 ½ tab divided in 2pc 19.5 49.09 ½ tab divided in 3pc 20.9 …show more content…
Kinetic theory states that molecules are always in constant motion. Kinetic energy and molecule velocity increases as temperature increases. Reactions require collisions between reactant molecules or atoms. In chemical reactions, the reactants change into products when molecule collide with enough energy to break old bonds to make new ones. Collisions increase or become more violent between molecules at higher temperatures or decrease as the temperature is lowered. Some factors that influence the speed of a chemical reaction are: (1) surface area of starting reactants; (2) concentration of reactants; (3) temperatures. The particle theory states that a solute dissolved takes place at the surface of the solvent and the larger the surface area of the particle the longer it will take to dissolve. The smaller the area the faster it will
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Introduction During this lab, students observed that not all substances dissolve at the same rate. Many factors involved including the independent and dependent variables affect how distinct substances dissolve. Overall, the chemical reaction, “the amount of reactant that changes the product in a given time”, played an important part in this experiment, when proven how a substance can change into another element by either emitting or absorbing energy. (Tro, 2018).
Citric acid, aspirin and sodium hydrogen carbonate are the main constituents of alka seltzer. Its main role is to reduce headaches, period pains, migraines, muscular pains and symptoms of colds and flues, as well has curing problems related with an upset stomach. Aspirin works to reduce pain and swellings; it is an anti- inflammatory drug and belongs to a group of drugs called NSAIDs as it does not contain steroids. The enzyme cyclo-oxygenase which speeds up the production of prostaglandins is blocked by aspirin.
Substance that accelerate chemical reactions are known as catalysts. Enzymes are biological catalysts, because they accelerate chemical reactions that occur in cells. Activation energy is required to start a chemical reaction. Enzymes lower the activation energy needed for the reaction and cause the reaction to accelerate We buy the Hydrogen Peroxide solution form pharmacies and extract the catalysts from the potato.
The topic of research is, “how fast does an Alka-Seltzer tablet make gas?”. In the experiment, the scientists will be measuring the chemical reaction rates that occur, when 1 Alka-Seltzer tablet is placed in a specific temperature of water. The independent variable during the experiment will be the temperature of the water (degrees Celsius). The dependent variable during the experiment will be, the rate in which gas is produced (in seconds). The constants of the experiment, will be the amount of water used and the Alka Selter compound.
Introduction: Enzymes are biological catalysts that increase the rate of a reaction without being chemically changed. Enzymes are globular proteins that contain an active site. A specific substrate binds to the active site of the enzyme chemically and structurally (4). Enzymes also increase the rate of a reaction by decreasing the activation energy for that reaction which is the minimum energy required for the reaction to take place (3). Multiple factors affect the activity of an enzyme (1).
Pertaining to the appearance of the oil and water before the reaction occurs, oil “sits” on top of the water because oil is less dense than water, and therefore rests on the surface of the water. The Alka-Seltzer, or effervescent tablet, reacts with the water and produces bubbles of carbon dioxide gas. This gas is less dense than both the water and oil, so it travels the the surface of the liquid, pulling a small amount of the colored water with it and creating the “lava lamp” effect. The chemical reaction that is occurring is an acid-base reaction, and results from the reaction between the ingredients in the Alka-Seltzer tablets.
Alka-Seltzer is a medical drug that works as a pain reliever and an antacid. The pain reliever used is aspirin and the antacid used is baking soda. When sodium bicarbonate dissolves in water it splits apart into sodium and bicarbonate ions. The bicarbonates reacts with hydrogen ions from citric acid to form carbon dioxide gas and water. This is how the bubbles are made.
Exercise 1 1. Suppose a household product label says it contains sodium hydrogen carbonate (sodium bicarbonate). Using your results from Data Table 1 as a guide, how would you test this material for the presence of sodium bicarbonate? B BoldI ItalicsU Underline Bulleted list Numbered list Superscript Subscript33 Words
Mika Nijhawan 9/29- 10/10 2 MENTOS AND SODA LAB REPORT State the Problem Does the type of soda affect the size of the explosion, after mentos are added? Develop a Hypothesis If seven mentos to a 2L bottle of Diet Pepsi, then it will create the biggest geyser out of Coke, Fanta, & Root Beer because Diet Pepsi has potassium benzoate, aspartame, and the carbonation which react to mentos. Design an Experiment Materials List: 1 clear test tube 35 original flavored Mentos candies (2 1/2 rolls) 1 3x5 index card 4 2L bottles of soda (all different flavors/types) 1 2L bottle of soda water 1 100 mL graduated cylinder 1 400 mL beaker 1 pair of tweezers (preferably large) 1 small container Procedure: Stack seven mentos in the test tube When given permission take the test tube, soda bottles, index cards, and the remaining 25 mentos, to the designated area Place one of the four soda bottles on a flat area Open the soda bottle and place the 3x5 index card over it With the index card over the soda bottle, flip the test tube over and place it on the index card, so the test tube is lined with
TABLE OF VARIABLES ￼￼￼Independent Variable ￼￼￼￼￼￼￼Method of measurement ￼￼￼￼Concentration of HCl