Puritans, Quakers, and Catholics were coming in droves to America searching for an opportunity to have religious freedom. The New Englanders took religion seriously, making unitary laws according to Puritan standards. John Winthrop, later chosen as the first Massachusetts Bay Colony governor, was seeking religious freedom. Wishing to inspire the colonists to dwell in brotherly unity, he summoned them together to remind them “that if we [colonists] shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause Him to withdraw His present help from us, we shall be made a story and a by-word through the world.” On the other hand, those in the Chesapeake region came for the wealth that America promised. They were there to become prosperous or die trying.
Cooperation and hard work were part of the Pilgrim's lifestyle. Nevertheless, they too were plagued with hunger, disease, and environmental hazards. The Pilgrims were dissenters from the Church of England and established the Puritan or Congregational Church. Since New England was outside the jurisdiction of Virginia's government, the Pilgrims established a self-governing agreement of their own, the "Mayflower Compact." Prior to the Pilgrims' arrival, an epidemic wiped out the majority of the New England Indians.
The slavery in colonial America started around 1600 with indentured slaves, but after some time, people were often sold and bought unintentional. In 1619, the first African slaves arrived in Virginia and by 1820, almost four Africans for every European had crossed the Atlantic. In the late 1800‘s around 12.5 million slaves had been shipped from Africa, and 10.5 million had arrived in America. Prices of slaves varied a lot over time, and it was expensive to own a slave, but it was gainful. In order to make sure the effectiveness of slaves, most slave owners supplied only the bare minimum of food and shelter needed for the slaves to survive and then forced them to work twenty-four hours a day.
The South mainly used them for work on plantations, and the North used them for various things, like housekeeping and working in factories. Many people in the North became against slavery, and by the late 1700’s many states in the North had outlawed it. Slavery went on in the South for almost another century until it was finally banned. This did not make free Blacks free to live like everybody else, though. Free Blacks
Document C gives statistics on the amount of people forced to migrate and work in the Americas. Virginia, having the largest African population, had a total of about 67,000 people, just over 15,000 of those being of African descent. In comparison, Massachusetts had the lowest, compared to their full population. With a total population of just over 55,000, less than 5,000 were of African descent. Most slaves were treated brutally and given practically no rights.
Roger Williams might be well notorious for being the new founder of the state Rhode Island. When he first settled a colony in Narragansett, a settlement in Rhode Island, one of his many principles was that there should be a separation between church and state colonies. Many individuals made the decision to move to Rhode Island–– due to their religious freedom. Jews, Baptists, and even Quakers decided to join this movement. A good proportion of settlers confiscated lands, which belonged to Native Americans; however, Roger Williams made an impactful decision that no one should be allowed to confiscate them.
But the reality was that the Black Seminoles and Seminole Indians outnumbered the low number of fugitive slaves in Florida. And within two years, most of these slaves would be returned to their owners thus limiting their role in influencing the Seminoles or the outcome of the war. But more importantly, the actions of the escaped slaves and their contribution did signal a significant argument for a slave rebellion concurrent with the War. The alliance among the Freedmen, the escaped slaves, and the Seminoles, though, was solidified at the beginning of the War, when they collectively attacked plantations in Northeast Florida in late
The Puritans were English Protestants who believed that the alterations of the Church of England did not go far enough. In their view the church was too Catholic. In England, the Puritans were people of political influence, but King Charles did not agree with their attempts to reform the church. There seemed to be no hope for them but to leave England because they were being persecuted. They believed in America they could establish a colony whose government, society, and church were all bases on the Bible.
They also refused to decide for the Blacks whether they would relocate or not. As a result, many of their descendants grew up in urban environments instead of on reservations. Most freed blacks remained in Indian Territory, and most remained in the nation in which they had lives as slaves. In the decades that followed, the freedmen made economic gains and established lives for themselves faster than the freedmen in the United
The Chesapeake and New England colonies developed differently because of their motivation, preparation, and demographics. One of the biggest differences between these two regions is the motivation to establish their colonies. New England was north of the Chesapeake region, and included Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. The New Englanders were Puritans, who sought religious freedom where they would be free to practice as they wished. They wanted to be “that city upon a hill”(Doc A).